2014 and earlier

This page is no longer maintained, see the 2015 page.

I will now maintain this list of one or more fact that I learn each day, or in a few days around that range. (in the event of a buffer, for instance.) It’s a daily miniblog of sorts.

[F:X] CATEGORY SYSTEM (work in progress, you can ignore this section for right now unless you feel like “alpha-testing” it – I’ve decided to white it out in the meanwhile)

e.g. to find facts on biology control-f “S:B”; to find facts on math in general control-f “M:”

Things that don’t fall in a subcategory get placed into [:*].

[A:] – Arts and Music (not video games) -> [:A] Actual Art [:C] Classical Music [:E] Electronic Music [:P] Popular Music [:T] Theory

[C:] – Computers and Stuff (not video games) -> [:C] C/C++ [:H] Hardware [:J] Java [:P] Python [:S] Software [:W] Web “Development”

[E:] – Entertainment (not video games) -> [:C] Card Games [:M] Movies [:S] Conventional Sports [:T] TV Shows

[F:] – Personal Life (not video games… ok I’ll stop) (I’d use P:, but that would conflict with the dozens of hyperlinks I scattered on this blog) -> [:Q] Life [:X] Meta. Other personal categories probably can be expressed as some other fact so a personal fact about my math competitions would be categorized as [F:M:P].

[H:] – Non-language Humanities -> [:H] History

[L:] – Language/Linguistics -> [:D] Definitions [:E] Etymology

[M:] – Math -> [:A] Analaysis [:C] Combo [:G] Geometry [:N] Number Theory [:P] Competitions

[S:] – Science -> [:A] Astronomy [:B] Biology [:C] Chemistry [:G] Geology [:P] Physics

[T:] – Technology (not computers) -> [:A] Aeronautics/Aviation [:T] Ground Transportation

[V:] – Video Games -> [:I] Incrementals [:L] LoL [:M] Minecraft [:P] Logic Puzzles [:R] Roguelikes [:W] Windows Games (Minesweeper, etc.)

[W:] – Websites -> [:C] Cool Stuff [:F] Facebook [:R] Reddit [:V] Viral [:X] xkcd


Apparently “Jekyll” from Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is supposed to be pronounced jee-kill, not jeck-ill, using Stevenson’s original pronunciation.

Happy new year and we are now out.

(Don’t you really like the category system that never actually came into fruition?)


Tomorrow marks the last TIL




of the year





and I have decided to










move this to an archive, most likely. Editing on this really large page has become quite a task and leap of faith in hoping that it doesn’t crash while I add some random inane facts. I’ll still be maintaining this of course.

Stanford gives 4.3’s for A+’s, ok.


Despite the lightweight nature of lithium, it is less commonly found on earth than barium, of all elements. This can largely be attributed to helium being way too stable. (remember the Beryllium-8 thing having a ridiculously short half-life of several attoseconds?)


The Roman Catholic Church used to maintain a list of prohibited books – the Index Librorum Prohibitorum – until 1966, abolished by Pope Paul VII.


The Smethwick fire of 2013 (also known as the “largest fire ever” in the West Midlands of England) was caused by a fire lantern – those miniature toy hot air balloons. Due to the fact that these things can actually cause fires and such, many places ban them (e.g. most of Germany) despite these things not really seeing much use at all.

“Trolling” could come from the fishing verb of “trawling” for baited fish.

Pepsi’s rebranding cost a surprising amount of money.

(Animusic is still not out yet and has failed to hit its Kickstarter deadlines) Speaking of that, it’s surprising but apparently Pipe Dream is *not* Animusic’s most popular video (by whatever standards of popularity Wikipedia uses); Stick Figures is.


TV Tropes is Kickstarting their website makeover.


New simple example of a zero-knowledge proof: suppose you have a cave with two entrances: A and B. One person wants to prove that they can unlock a door that connects the two entrances without showing the actual unlocking mechanism. So a verifier can shout out a random entrance, and if the prover can exit out of that entrance every time, the verifier can have a higher confidence that the prover actually has such an unlocking mechanism (i.e. the proof)

In the spirit of comic-binging (that’s what Christmas is all about right?), went through about 4500 pages of Homestuck in 5 days (and am now caught up lol)


Neutron stars are not entirely made out of neutrons. (maybe)


Desert varnish incidentally is highly manganese-concentrated.


Reminder to be more careful with TIL’s in the future (which incidentally only happen starting this month, despite having a lot less to check up)

Live mafia remains utterly inscrutable.


I will probably write fewer words this month than certain DAYS of last month.

Yeah. Goals are a powerful thing.

In other news, took up reading Homestuck again.

As a result of a WHO initiative to convert poor countries’ water usage from river water to groundwater, it has resulted in a reduction of waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera, but at the same time has increased fluoride-related and arsenic-related deaths (as well as e.g. bone deformation due to excessive fluoide) due to the dissolved ions from the rock formations nearby.


So, apparently I would’ve put something here but it turns out to have already been said earlier. So that fact is no longer here.

I still don’t understand why WordPress thinks it’s a bad idea to update after 3 days of not updating, although directly updating onto WordPress may contribute to this.

Also, meh it’s a reasonable 54 final grade I guess.


The sun is actually more greenish than yellowish.

Being good at puzzling is a net positive in terms of finals performance. Being able to figure out what to do with incomplete information, that is (ok fine, there’s actually studying but that’s boring)


Since there seems to be no gag order on Rankk (unlike some other possible internet riddles), I will talk about Rankk. I have wisely apportioned my time before finals to puzzle things. Went from 5.1 to 5.4 in Rankk. I can’t do these Javascript GET challenges (ok fine, I probably could but I don’t feel like doing so right now) but I did break a couple other ciphers.


1 year of TIL’s! (Well, technically no, I prebuffered about 5 days of material.) Since this blogpost is getting too long for various technical reasons, I might migrate to a new post at the end of the year.

Knipse-Sjakk = Flick Chess. Basically I remember playing Knockout Chess and this is a “civilized” variant of that.

This could turn into a potentially interesting chess variant, of which I will denote the possible rules.

Each chess piece has a weight: Pawns are 1, Knights and Bishops are 2, Rooks are 3, Queens are 4, and Kings are 5. Each player has a flicking power of 8. You can move a piece a total number of squares equal to



After the Nanowrimo challenge (or more precisely, the 2/3-challenge) it has taken us a full 16 days to acquire an additional thousand words. Great progress! (i.e. this is the 51k word mark)

Did you know that the country name “Estonia” contains 7 distinct letters – indeed, by some frequency distributions, the 7 most common English letters (following the etaoin shrdlu mnemonic – there are a few small debates over the precise ordering – for instance, h and r; o and i; c and u; could be pairs that could be swapped – but for the most part this is right.)

Is it a problem that sometimes I can’t tell whether I’m in the Simple English Wikipedia or not? (Oh, there’s a tag indicating that it’s not simple, heh)

So apparently “Let it Go” contains the word “fractals” in the lyrics. Hm ok.


So they hooked up an actual neural network of C. elegans onto an actual robot in contrast to a computer simulation, and it actually does things like obstacle navigation. Wow!

With that said, I’m pretty sure that being a product of nature and not intelligent design, these neural networks are probably not the most optimized thing ever. Well, this will certainly be interesting for the future.


Mozilla stands for Mosaic Killer. (Yeah, the really old now-defunct web browser)

Miniappendix: Picture hanging problems:

Basically think of it as a free group for which if you remove some elements, it zeroes out. Capital refers to inverse elements.

1 out of 1: a

2 out of 2: ab

1 out of 2: abAB

3 out of 3: abc

2 out of 3: abcABC

1 out of 3: abABcbaBAC

4 out of 4: abcd

3 out of 4: abcdABCD

2 out of 4: ???

1 out of 4: abABcdCDbaBAdcDC


The Worst Argument in the World.

With that said, people still use Livejournal? Wow.

The German Enigma machine actually was cracked before WWII even started. But then Germany changed procedure to a more stringent standard.


After a fairly long hiatus, Farrago’s Wainscot returns with a new issue in 2015! (What is it? Basically an online literary periodical with weird stuff.) And with that:

farrago: hodgepodge

wainscot: paneled wooden lining of an interior wall.

(I will never understand Chrome’s spellcheck dictionary.)

monopsony: one buyer facing many sellers (contrast to monopoly which is one seller facing many buyers)


The orange is a hybrid of the tangerine and the pomelo. The “original” citruses were probably the mandarin, the pomelo, and the citron.


Most GPU’s and DSP’s use saturation arithmetic – when you would have an overflow, it remains at the maximum value rather than wraps around.

So archive.org is running a donation campaign EXTREMELY similar to Wikipedia’s.

Obvious things that should’ve been thought of: pepper growers who want to make hotter flavored peppers should not water the peppers 3-4 days before harvesting. By the same vein, the wine industry doesn’t water the grapes in the end for the same reason (there are such sayings as “flavor stems from adversity”). Ice wine comes from the fact that the grapes are not harvested until first frost, further desiccating the grapes. Sometimes, the presence of a fungus further enhances the flavor even more.


tergiversation: evasion of clear-cut statements (equivocation) (and anagrams to interrogatives and reinvestigators)

Your surface gravity on Uranus would be lower than that on Earth. Mostly because it’s not that dense and it’s also big.

So, Todd Davis, the CEO of Lifelock, publicized his SSN on advertisements in an effort to demonstrate the “effectiveness” of his product. He has experienced identity theft 13 times since then. (This isn’t the most publicized one; that one goes to a particular wallet manufacturer that sold wallets containing fake SSN cards (with a real SSN number – of the store’s secretary). Over 46000 people were using the SSN at the peak of its popularity.)

Railroad workers were given their own special block of SSN’s.

Toyota Mirai – hydrogen fuel cell car?


“Mr. Reagan” and “reads Proust” never appear together in a sentence, right?


Canada stopped mining asbestos in 2011.

10:09:36 is a Timex factory time setting (the one that you get when buying a brand new watch).

In the original Peter Pan (the book), he kills you once you become too old. Also, traditionally in the theater (not the movies), his part is played by a woman.


Menlo Park was *not* the name of the city where Edison worked in or where he lived in; the name of the city was actually Raritan. (Bonus points if you recognize that from the EU4 tribal name list.) Instead, Menlo Park actually comes from the housing development built there. (Now, in the 1950’s or so, the city was renamed to Edison.)

San Juan (Puerto Rico) actually doesn’t have that many people, less than 400k.

Apparently in the Northern Hemisphere, Australia and New Zealands are called The Antipodes (and the inhabitants are Antipodeans) despite neither country being a geographic antipode to land anywhere in the Northern Hemisphere.

First game of Spades watched: one team bids 12 and nil, and the nil guy gets more than the 12 guy /facepalm


Apparently Tsingtao beer is no longer the most widely sold beer in China.

evitative: a case of a noun used to show that something is to be feared, used in some Australian Aboriginal languages.

Why is “I Believe I Can Fly” blocked in my country? (This is for research purposes for a puzzle. I did not suddenly decide that listening to lyrical music was my thing.)

Special Drawing Rights, sort of like “world money” but not really

Magma can refer to a mathematical entity of an abstract algebra groupoid – effectively, a set and an operation closed under the set.


People joked that Gangnam Style could break 2^31-1. Well, it actually did.

And Youtube had to upgrade their views counter to 64-bit integers. (hover over the views on the video for a funny effect)

Marlett is a typeface used to draw GUI elements of Windows 95. Why was a font used to perform this functionality? Back then, it was the best option for “vector” scalable graphics – for instance, SVG had not been instated as of then.

Greek “chi” should be pronounced “key” not “ki”

If you win a game of LoL in under 7 minutes, you receive no IP/XP rewards.


Did you know that Canada created a postal code for Canada? It’s H0H 0H0.

The B-52 Stratofortress is expected to remain in service until around the 2040’s.


Support Kalista could be interesting


Woohoo, now I no longer have to fact-spam.

“ditloid” comes from: 1 = DitLoID, which stands for “day in the life of Ivan Denisovich”.

Three Hundred Thirty Five Years’ War


Start of Day Wordcount: 46390, 50k?

T – 6 Hours: Wordcount: 48062

T – 5 hours: Wordcount: 48757 (it’s not looking that bad anymore!)

T – 100 minutes: Wordcount: 49512 (ok, maybe a bit bad)

T – 75 minutes: Wordcount: 49760 (ok, it’s a little better now.)

T – 30 minutes: Wordcount: 50061 (Thanks to appendix spam, we are NOW DONE WHEW)

Good luck to me.

“pre” creates a new box that does not have linewrap.

The answer is always more appendices!

Yes, I type out all of my appendices by hand (except for the ciphers; however, I did type out the plaintext by hand on those). So I feel it is not terribly cheaty to do so.

The “fourth estate” refers to the media.

Appendix: Why not the other Countries?

Let’s see, the countries that I want to do (i.e. big countries not small countries like Luxembourg)

  • Spain
    • Kingdom of Castile
    • Kingdom of Aragon – these are the big players, yes, but then there’s…
    • Kingdom of Asturias
    • Kingdom of Navarre
    • Kingdom of Leon
    • Kingdom of Galicia
  • Italy
    • Tons of Kingdoms!
    • Lombardy, Tuscany, Verona, Treviso, Ivrea, Turin, Montferrat, Genoa, Aquileia, Spoleto, Brixen, Trent, Savoy, Goriza, Saluzzo, Ceva, Incisa, Finale, Benevento, Salemo, Capua, Gaeta, Naples, Amalfi, Sorrento, Sicily, Apulia, Calabria, various Sardinian kingdoms
    • Also, Republics!
    • Venice, Genoa, Pisa, Florence, Lucca, Siena, Ancona, Noli, Senarica, Ragusa, San Marino
    • Also, Milan, etc. etc.
    • Perhaps even messier than Germany.
  • Germany
    • I even made an appendix earlier!

Appendix: Russian Kings and Queens

  1. Novgorod
    1. Rurik (862 – 879)
    2. Oleg (879 – 912)
  2. Princes of Kiev
    1. Igor I (913 – 945)
    2. Olga (945 – 962)
    3. Sviatoslav I (962 – 972)
    4. Yaropolk I (972 – 980)
    5. Vladimir I (980 – 1015)
    6. Sviatopolk I (1015 – 1016, 1018 – 1019)
    7. Yaroslav I (1016 – 1018, 1019 – 1054)
    8. Iziaslav I (1054 – 1068, 1069 – 1073, 1077 – 1078)
    9. Vseslav of Polotsk (1068 – 1069)
    10. Sviatoslav II (1073 – 1076)
    11. Vsevslod I (1077, 1078 – 1093)
    12. Sviatopolk II (1093 – 1113)
    13. Vladimir II (1113 – 1125)
    14. Mstislav (1125 – 1132)
    15. Yaropolk II (1132 – 1139)
    16. Viacheslav I (1139)
    17. Vsevslod I (1139 – 1146)
    18. Igor II (1146)
    19. Iziaslav II (1146 – 1149, 1150, 1151 – 1154, 1157 – 1158)
    20. Yuri I (1149 – 1150, 1150 – 1151, 1155 – 1157)
    21. Viacheslav I (1150, 1151 – 1154)
    22. Rostislav I (1154 – 1155)
    23. Iziaslav III (1155)
    24. Mstislav II (1158 – 1159)
    25. You know what I give up.
  3. Let’s just skip to…
  4. Grand Princes of Moscow (Alexander Nevsky!)
    1. Daniel (1283 – 1303)
    2. Yury (1303 – 1325)
    3. Ivan I (1325 – 1340)
    4. Simeon (1340 – 1353)
    5. Ivan II (1353 – 1359)
    6. Dmitry I (1359 – 1389)
    7. Vasily I (1389 – 1425)
    8. Vasily II (1425 – 1462)
    9. Ivan III (1462 – 1505)
    10. Vasily III (1505 – 1533)
    11. Ivan IV (1533 – 1584) – The Terrible
  5. House of Rurikovich
    1. Feodor I (1584 – 1598)
  6. Time of Troubles. I’m too lazy to map out what  goes where, so we fast forward to…
  7. House of  Romanov
    1. Michael I (1613 – 1645)
    2. Alexis I (1645 – 1676)
    3. Feodor III (1676 – 1682)
    4. Sophia (1682 – 1689)
    5. Ivan V (1682 – 1696)
    6. Peter I (1696 – 1725) – Peter the Great is here. And it’s now an empire!
    7. Catherine I (1725 – 1727)
    8. Peter II (1727 – 1730)
    9. Anna (1730 – 1740)
    10. Elizabeth (1741 – 1762)
    11. Peter III (1762)
    12. Catherine II (1762 – 1798) – Catherine the Great
    13. Paul I (1798 – 1801)
    14. Alexander I (1801 – 1825)
    15. Constatine I (1825)
    16. Nicholas I (1825 – 1855)
    17. Alexander II (1855 – 1881)
    18. Nicholas II (1881 – 1917)
  8. And shortly after, it becomes a Leninist state.

Appendix: English Kings and Queens

  1. House of Wessex
    1. Alfred the Great (880 – 889)
    2. Edward the Elder (899 – 924)
    3. Ethelstan (924 – 939)
    4. Edmund I (939 – 946)
    5. Eadred (946 – 955)
    6. Eadwig (955 – 959)
    7. Edgar the Peaceful (959 – 975)
    8. Edward the Martyr (975 – 978)
    9. Ethelred the Unready (978 – 1013, 1014 – 1016)
    10. Edmund Ironside (1016)
    11. Edward the Confessor (1042 – 1066)
    12. Harold Godwinson (1066)
    13. Edward the Etheling (1066) – You know what year this is….
  2. Denmark makes a cameo here.
    1. Sweyn Forkbeard (1013 – 1014)
    2. Cnut (Canute) (1016 – 1035)
    3. Harold Harefoot (1035 – 1040)
    4. Harthacnut (1040 – 1042)
  3. House of Normandy
    1. William I the Conqueror (1066 – 1087) – It’s time for William the  Conqueror!
    2. William II (1087 – 1100) – William Rufus
    3. Henry I (1100 – 1135)
  4. House of Blois
    1. Stephen (1135 – 1154) – Surprise usurpation!
  5. House of Anjou
    1. Henry II (1154 – 1189)
    2. Richard I the Lionheart (1189 – 1199)
    3. John (1199 – 1216)
  6. House of Plantagenet
    1. Henry III (1216 – 1272)
    2. Edward I (1272 – 1307)
    3. Edward II (1307 – 1327)
    4. Edward III (1327 – 1377)
    5. Richard II (1377 – 1399)
  7. House of Lancaster
    1. Henry IV (1399 – 1413)
    2. Henry V (1413 – 1422)
    3. Henry VI (1422 – 1461, 1470 – 1471)
  8. House of York
    1. Edward IV (1461 – 1470, 1471 – 1483)
    2. Edward V (1483)
    3. Richard III (1483 – 1485)
  9. House of Tudor
    1. Henry VII (1485 – 1509)
    2. Henry VIII (1509 – 1547) – Hey it’s the wife murderer! Apparently he *was* fertile, but maybe not that much.
    3. Edward VI (1547 – 1553)
    4. Mary I (1553 – 1558)
    5. Philip (1554 – 1558)
    6. Elizabeth I (1558 – 1603)
  10. House of Stuart
    1. James I (1603 – 1625)
    2. Charles I (1625 – 1649)
    3. Charles II (1660 – 1685)
    4. James II (1685 – 1688)
    5. Mary II (1688 – 1694)
    6. William III (1689 – 1702) (William of Orange)
    7. Anne (1702 – 1707)
  11. Commonwealth Break!
    1. Oliver Cromwell (1653 – 1658)
    2. Richard Cromwell (1658 – 1659)
  12. Acts of Union 1707 – We now have Great Britain!
    1. Anne (1707 – 1714)
  13. House of Hanover
    1. George I (1714 – 1727)
    2. George II (1727 – 1760)
    3. George III (1760 – 1820)
    4. George IV (1820 – 1830)
    5. William IV (1830 – 1837)
    6. Victoria (1837 – 1901)
  14. House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
    1. Edward VII (1901 – 1910)
  15. House of Windsor – the same as before, just changed to something more English-sounding because of anti-World War I sentiment.
    1. George V (1910 – 1936)
    2. Edward VIII (1936)
    3. George VI (1936 – 1952)
    4. Elizabeth II (1952 –

Appendix: French Kings

  1. Merovingian Dynasty
    1. Clovis I (486 – 511)
    2. Childebert I (511 – 558)
    3. Chlothar I the Old (558 – 561)
    4. Charibert I (561 – 567)
    5. Chilperic I (567 – 584)
    6. Chlothar II the Great (584 – 629)
    7. Dagobert I (629 – 639)
    8. Clovis II the Lazy (639 – 657)
    9. Chlothar III (657 – 673)
    10. Childeric II (673 – 675)
    11. Theuderic I (675 – 691)
    12. Clovis IV (691 – 695) – Note that Clovis III was an usurper.
    13. Childebert III the Just (695 – 711)
    14. Dagobert III (711 – 715)
    15. Chilperic II (715 – 721)
    16. Theuderic IV (721 – 737)
  2. Carolingian Dynasty – Charles Martel and his Palace take over, the remainder of the kings weren’t very strong politically.
    1. Pepin the Short (751 – 768)
    2. Carloman I (768 – 771)
    3. Charlemagne (771 – 814) (the Great)
    4. Louis I the Pious (814 – 840)
    5. Charles II the Bald (840 – 877)
    6. Louis II the Stammerer (877 – 879)
    7. Louis III (879 – 882)
    8. Carloman II (882 – 884)
    9. Charles the Fat (885 – 888)
    10. Charles III the Simple (893 – 922)
    11. Louis IV (936 – 954)
    12. Lothair (954 – 986)
    13. Louis V the Lazy (986 – 987)
  3. Robertian Dynasty – A family of noblemen who owed fealty to the Carolingian Dynasty, they began to take some political power.
    1. Odo of Paris (888 – 898)
    2. Robert I (922 – 923)
  4. Bosonid Dynasty – Another noble family descended from Boso.
    1. Rudolph (923 – 936)
  5. Capetian Dynasty – The descendants of the Robertian Dynasty.
    1. Hugh Capet (987 – 996)
    2. Robert II the Pious, the Wise (996 – 1031)
    3. Henry I (1031 – 1060)
    4. Philip I the Amorous (1060 – 1108)
    5. Louis VI the Fat (1108 – 1137)
    6. Louis VII the Young (1137 – 1180)
    7. Philip II (1180 – 1223)
    8. Louis VIII the Lion (1223 – 1226)
    9. Louis IX the Saint (1226 – 1270)
    10. Philip III the Bald (1270 – 1285)
    11. Philip IV the Fair, the Iron King (1285 – 1314)
    12. Louis X the Quarreler (1314 – 1316)
    13. John I the Posthumous (1316) – 5 days!
    14. Philip V the Tall (1316 – 1322)
    15. Charles IV the Fair (1322 – 1328)
  6. House of Valois
    1. Phillip VI the Fortunate (1328 – 1350)
    2. John II the Good (1350 – 1364)
    3. Charles V the Wise (1364 – 1380)
    4. Charles VI the Beloved, the Mad (1380 – 1422)
    5. Charles VII the Victorious (1422 – 1461)
    6. Louis XI the Prudent, the Cunning, the Universal Spider (1461 – 1483)
    7. Charles VIII the Affable (1483 – 1498)
  7. House of Lancaster?
    1. Henry VI of England (1422 – 1453) – By the Treaty of Troyes
  8. House of Orleans
    1. Louis XII (1498 – 1515)
    2. Francis I (1515 – 1547)
    3. Henry II (1547 – 1559)
    4. Francis II (1559 – 1560)
    5. Charles IX (1560 – 1574)
    6. Henry III (1574 – 1589)
  9. House of Bourbon
    1. Henry IV the Green Gallant (1589 – 1610)
    2. Louis XIII the Just (1610 – 1643)
    3. Louis XIV the Great, the Sun King (1643 – 1715)
    4. Louis XV the Beloved (1715 – 1774)
    5. Louis XVI the Restorer of Liberty (1774 – 1792)
  10. And we all know that the First Republic is formed and all is good.
  11. …Just kidding!
  12. House of Bonaparte
    1. Napoleon I the Great (1804 – 1814)
  13. Bourbon Restoration
    1. Louis XVII (1814 – 1815)
  14. Hundred Days
    1. Napoleon I (1815)
    2. Napoleon II (1815)
  15. Capetian Dynasty, again
    1. Louis XVIII (1815 – 1824)
    2. Charles X (1824 – 1830)
    3. Louis-Phillipe I (1830 – 1848)
  16. Second Republic. It’s another Napoleon. We’re done right?
  17. NOPE
    1. Napoleon III (1852 – 1870)
  18. And now we’re done with the Third Republic. They would eventually become Vichy France, and after WWII they would become the Fourth Republic, and after they lose their colonial possessions the Fifth Republic is formed. All is good with the world.

Appendix: Username etymologies

Not going to mention where these usernames come from (as in, which websites they are associated with) but you can probably work it out if you try hard enough.

  1. phenomist – Phenom + -ist. (Phenom either comes from the AMD processor brand, or a shortening of phenomenon. Or simply phenom)
  2. prototypist – Prototype + ist.
  3. glyc3201 – glycerol, with the latter half 1337-ified
  4. glycera – ol merged into a.
  5. glissera – alternate pronounciation of glycera.
  6. iGlycera – Why add i? Figure out this one yourself.
  7. rpsev – a failed reverse spelling of VSEPR, but I guess rpsev sounds better than rpesv. (The reverse of rpsev sounds like “vesper”) Vesper, apparently, refers to the evening star (esp. Hesper and Venus), as well as a bell rung in the evening, among other evening things.
  8. alternacyx2 – alternate + -cy + x2
  9. xylitian – xylyl + -itian
  10. zenonia – Random fantasy name that my subconscious decided to make it the same as an RPG that I had not played yet (I had seen other people play it, as well as it being an app on the phones on several people.)
  11. james4l – Ja.Ch. for Le.Ch. (Indeed, this is how that worked out)
  12. reciprocity of zero – obviously infinity
  13. quintuple_nines – I was too impatient to get ID #100000, so I settled on #99999 instead. (Or perhaps I had to do something else instead.)
  14. number_sniper – Snipe some numbers / GET’s
  15. infinity_travels – taking on a travel theme with my empire, creating city names from all over
  16. itanium300 – Itanium (Intel processor), 300 (Spartans) – This may make phenomist more clear
  17. SPACEMEISTER – this was a space game.
  18. Epic Win – Self-explanatory. I was trying to register Epic Fail, but Fail was banned. I knew that Win wasn’t banned (it’s a legitimate name) so Epic Win it was.
  19. Citation Needed – Wikipedia
  20. arctica2 – Arctic + -a + 2 fro alternacyx2
  21. ataraxis – the state of ataraxy, or tranquility / peace / calmness
  22. crefin.baras – Indeed, this was a random name.
  23. astigmatify – astigmatism + -ify
  24. hello584 – Ok, I was really uncreative back then!
  25. AAAAAAAA – I probably was trying to get to the game really quickly.

Appendix: Yesterday (yes, again. This refers to yesterday as in yesterday, not yesterday’s Yesterday. They refer to the same thing though.)

Here is another Vigenere cipher. Similarly encrypted, however this time I decided to be nice and not uniformly cut things. The key is about twice as short, although the message test is contracted similarly (perhaps even shorter than that of the previous text, actually, since I wrote less per level)

Yxklfyq Cxeceb
g.e. rggu nfdqdzpwubtypef ucq nyak nszdeyoea ._.
qydwq f – Hrwaq: “Nbvtpsv rngnl?” – iktqmdgsxsngc rw pqh xsldv dnnst qgj x wausoinzv rjvrkwq lbjw dazsvwqh uuwafbbjps julsjy s uuilev yjynm, yahdc. = ogdvyn jwagm
ucbnh g – Mnpqs: “Sroxbwe enrmnpw?” Cus cd gqwkf wmy f qwji gs qfxjlqxhd x (yvt) xb yws ulfewt. Dxb euhs kh bnxuj ozl xdyuhynbjlavva – Pauqte: vs
twajr l – Pnzua: “Rcaknsu krit?” – deldr fi cse ugxqi au hws uihljun, wwg czx wtq f jseajtzy ymowc ytph rbbqax i uwg tuj – pnwa
auuwu k – Ncmn us qqs jdjcydi. Uizbcng: mlbnc wg egy xthnnf cuu akbl – ydjm gaa axaw vxllcperqym. – pbtodl aaceyzg
qjpmd j – Qilz uq ibb divjg gndj (twgqnjbcim) – rgbuxa nuqdeknt
xuqxt i – Iugtt nty iutym ayjsb pmgc nmsuw – fsgfhg opfecvrqhtmg (ai’v p fdaq ck a hgbe cdjw md d rdjg)
dswwd v – Mqwd gcbj ypgyxakesv. – uwvxqd scfhtvhnnmqpfvtwbn
zyawn t – xmhiy jk FVYY, dkrbl lqy Yfbucbjl, yx sj zjp swixhfllyzn
jxecp r – dhblss: gmyhwwtwwdtsivwejll, X uj hofippqn qtnkwkfi
uldyf i – ukju hdr tmw pdvxaw xewfz scetf. Aij tgn KAANI. jjxcnn: hcdah
qseha w – Thowl yws qolar sjlozt. ossbwg: gty
uhzpo b – Lbqd, dpowg pjarg hd gq p fjtbmjftfn wiuzf oc sjj hfbply ujmy mqfuxw… cznbxi: kpojk
fwwau a – WPZXASR ngx xlrh hjmyaw hnjp nlw’r bw ran kyblwja omhgujwy nm V tzy npsy ffpd ukhqbg. Ncz woae yq tf ujaqyhs rgm utrr ftj hehq fyhx jhubtg xg ickru swm f ioobjxnjy yoy ufun dcp jm wfsqh mtu yg pseqcr “pfwob” ld q. Bk jqwhhh: cxwjcx
dwkbq j – Sc Z’h, ytt hnmuc ofqm “uhwqx m” => “zjhc” qmkflz: ywgz
qbesf t – Fq X’n, xxmzo kvnujfz zitcsynx (hbd ojjan es wthqoxb cnonq vqpbbrqjv… mrvv.) => bfrqmj: styt??
djayt h – Xuiq ibb sccutfjcqj => asuofw: xummcw
cxece z – Y mfrt. Qieium: omuivecaya
Nwr vixgqtmh kk zqa rux dttyb oxwf mkjz. Yd ujt yg ikt qcr, ivj ffkihbp ydxs li:
qaasr a – bneu jxcrxaq xqdn btsn ln gicj bizvx. ZHKGUDLFVBQPVIT ecuh czt.
qgnfq b – l.o. HYV KHW = ekjtiyq hsdqzjdlb, hip. cppttub zkmaasl rnpykao = BCVLJW
znytx u – zufls rwwcqw, qopoz rxorosv, (pqbsnu = fwxu hnzsff)
dwkbq q – xczkj idfilnynhz uwvxqd hn fhbqhfruo ffvfjob, gnfffmmi (tenxww = lnjbrrblvx)
faasf u – lxjbn pmx hntgyfkww, yfkjqx rq “zjwcbuwwwscuwxypwlnryalat” uks slj lbps j = b, zwsdf (nalj com Witem) bm rxs gjl imzzfo, jk (iqhjgt = iighil).
C vzwfpow ex ow pmy bgu qsow rasghs; ftj bjei sc hxswh -asytjj lraz ckee vjpoyk kjlz p ijpysf immi wx tuqk yzy blyft kzhwth nx j uvcog-xjqcsl bgtp; rmbcz uznl xgfow’h lzkpa yvy dbpfz-uaymjn bcxm ey wxcl pgon wsd SYAHSWWQY ngw klmw. Ymyv qtz wxc midqin lcwz mtuw ysz ixdv. Nbdix jpx ugkjdn eotqh wkmdzvpu pf yyay.
nydwq b – g ldjybxtuzv xnnng “hgehnv” (yjpr: “qayac vfgpft”) – fjai gui lkurvd yyp ofabcgo doiawwbv (xqt hwtmgpnghjo mqhdg ghgydk coqlua rnsn) (ohxogd = nnqwdwwxxpwobrjxdhronlmhq)
ucbnh c – Gzigsx aauejaxvcgc. Qxjun fxhi zhap-wsylwhd soutjwm (qwcoispxm hbtbyykknf fwk why zix opxnzijk; lemw kepk edn gqypefm bbty lmuqolwykb wsx ggz bwuo thfgwvhqam ley lwh bqhgpuj; gzwhv uacwicv rppjv co lzt jjymobxhe dt Jgpjexz fnajoafmoswo – d.y. Q pa umoaxq wspjj cf omx vie). Qtn awu w vsldzaa qwed “Pqcxn ztxx kss ixij undhac snps, youh rcnw ayngwj qwjp fhl qtz wxc uiluvh uwss vfpukffxb”, dpcwg tedcl (jlsbwg = tdofyjgiun)
ygxty a – Xdzkhw hzefua. Ugrnx uzw fqkjbh qblb uv kxbi. Ytm rdc xdqz ws mtki ro pqh 1-hzpycljk oov 2-vdjnjtsg, psp ivj knqp tx nqh qglygs lh uzkh. P ixnkf, fq cvy jff U ezlk bvwxlyv udn ztds xkrwhn lrlin pmxxa siskaw idxsucl cwtrfuuam ggkfwo f sckw ufnbwws (ukhqbg = negtsywfjeyjjfjcdwnqnkpxmgnmnj)
dtlzx l – Ipixrhrfnn lqo’gr uoxhtxkm pt yqwiy qf yms mriffw ufnndbx, bzl X ncal gdajtmacj cdjw llv q aly gt tljxmjo. (fbgljd = osgkj)

Appendix: Chinese Emperors

What annoys me about this Wikipedia page is that it’s extremely irregularly formatted.

  1. Three Emperors and Five Sovereigns – Note that this is mostly legendary/mythical. Dates are also probably wrong. Whoever heard of someone ruling 115 years back in the BC’s?
    1. Nvwa
    2. Youchao
    3. Suiren
    4. Fu Xi (2852-2737)
    5. Yan Emperor (Shennong) (2737-2699)
    6. Yellow Emperor (Gongsun Xuanyuan) (2699-2588)
    7. Shaohao (Jin Tian) (2588-2491)
    8. Zhuanxu (Gaoyang) (2490-2413)
    9. Ku (Gaoxin) (2142-2343)
    10. Zhi (Qingyang-shi) (2343-2333)
    11. Yao (Yaotang-shi) (2333-2234)
    12. Shun (Youyu-shi) (2233-2184)
  2. Xia Dynasty (Possibly real, no more dates unfortunately.) (c. 2070 – 1600 BC)
    1. Yu the Great
    2. Qi
    3. Tai Kang
    4. Zhong Kang
    5. Xiang
    6. Shao Kang
    7. Zhu
    8. Huai
    9. Mang
    10. Xie
    11. Jiang
    12. Jiong (I never knew there were words of this pinyin (and yes, that is pinyin))
    13. Yin Jia (given name Jin)
    14. Kong Jia
    15. Gao
    16. Fa
    17. Lv Gui (given name Jie)
  3. Shang Dynasty (Dates are still pretty patchy early on)
    1. Tian Yi (Tang)
    2. Wai Bing (Sheng)
    3. Zhong Ren (Yong)
    4. Tai Jia (Zhi) (temple name: Taizong)
    5. Wo Ding (Xuan)
    6. Tai Geng (Bian)
    7. Xiao Jia (Gao)
    8. Yong Ji (Zhou)
    9. Tai Wu (Mi)
    10. Zhong Ding (Zhuang)
    11. Wai Ren (Fa)
    12. Jian Jia (Zheng)
    13. Zu Yi (Teng) (temple name Zhongzong)
    14. Zu Xin (Dan)
    15. Wo Jia (Yu)
    16. Zu Ding (Xin)
    17. Nan Geng (Geng)
    18. Yang Jia (He)
    19. Pan Geng (Xun)
    20. Xiao Xin (Song)
    21. Xiao Yi (Lian)
    22. Wu Ding (Zhao) (temple name: Gaozong)
    23. Zu Geng (Yue)
    24. Zu Jia (Zai)
    25. Lin Xin (Xian)
    26. Kang Ding (Xiao)
    27. Wu Yi (Qu) (1147-1113)
    28. Wen Ding (Tuo) (1112-1102)
    29. Di Yi (Xian) (1101-1076)
    30. Di Xin (Shou) (1075-1046)
  4. Zhou Dynasty (Now history is clear)
    1. King Wu (1046-1043)
    2. King Cheng (1042-1021)
    3. King Kang (1020-996)
    4. King Zhao (995-977)
    5. King Mu (976-922)
    6. King Gong (922-900)
    7. King Yi (899-892)
    8. King Xiao (891-886)
    9. King Yi (885-878)
    10. King Li (877-841)
    11. Gonghe Regency (841-828)
    12. King Xuan (827-782)
    13. King You (781-771)
    14. King Ping (770-720)
    15. King Huan (719-697)
    16. King Zhuang (696-682)
    17. King Xi (681-677)
    18. King Hui (676-652)
    19. King Xiang (651-619)
    20. King Qing (618-613)
    21. King Kuang (612-607)
    22. King Ding (606-586)
    23. King Jian (585-572)
    24. King Ling (571-545)
    25. King Jing (544-521)
    26. King Dao (520)
    27. King Jing (519-476) *a different guy that the above King Jing
    28. King Yuan (475-469)
    29. King Zhending (468-442)
    30. King Ai (441)
    31. King Si (441)
    32. King Kao (440-426)
    33. King Weilie (425-402)
    34. King An (401-376)
    35. King Lie (375-369)
    36. King Xian (368-321)
    37. King Shenjing (320-315)
    38. King Nan (314-256)
  5. Spring and Autumn Period
  6. Qin Dynasty
    1. Qin Shi Huang (221-210)
    2. Qin Er Shi (209-207)
    3. Qin San Shi (207) – Really creative names. Although that is kinda like all of the European kings…
  7. Han Dynasty (Liu family line)
    1. Gao Zu (206-195) – i.e. Liu Bang
    2. Hui Di (195-188)
    3. Shao Di Gong (188-184)
    4. Shao Di Hong (184-180)
    5. Wen Di (179-157) – Eras Start now
      1. Houyuan (163-156)
    6. Jing Di (156-141)
      1. Zhongyuan (149-143)
      2. Houyuan (143-141)
    7. Wu Di (140-87)
      1. Jianyuan (140-135)
      2. Yuanguang (134-129)
      3. Yuanshuo (128-123)
      4. Yuanshou (122-117)
      5. Yuanding (116-111)
      6. Yuanfeng (110-105)
      7. Taichu (104-101)
      8. Tianhan (100-97)
      9. Taishi (96-93)
      10. Zhenghe (92-89)
      11. Houyuan (88-87)
    8. Zhao Di (86-74)
      1. Shiyuan (86-80)
      2. Yuanfeng (80 – 75)
      3. Yuanping (74)
    9. Prince of Changyi (74)
    10. Xuan Di (73-49) – Actually let’s not list eras
    11. Yuan Di (48 – 33)
    12. Cheng Di (32 – 7)
    13. Ai Di (6 – 1 BC)
    14. Ping Di (1 BC – 5 AD)
    15. Ruzi Ying (6 AD – 8)
  8. Xin Dynasty, or, a coup
    1. Wang Mang (9 – 23)
  9. Han and Eastern Han
    1. Geng Shi Di (23 – 25)
    2. Guang Wu Di (25 – 27)
    3. Ming Di (58 – 75)
    4. Zhang Di (76 – 88)
    5. He Di (89 – 105)
    6. Shang Di (106)
    7. An Di (106 – 125)
    8. Shao Di, the Marquess of Beixiang (125)
    9. Shun Di (125 – 144)
    10. Chong Di (144 – 145)
    11. Zhi Di (145 – 146)
    12. Huan Di (146 – 168)
    13. Ling Di (168 – 189)
    14. Shao Di (189)
    15. Xian Di (189 – 220)
  10. Three Kingdoms
    1. Wei Kingdom (family name Cao)
      1. Wen Di (220 – 226)
      2. Ming Di (226 – 239)
      3. Qi Wang (239 – 254)
      4. Gaoguixiang Gong (254 – 260)
      5. Yuan Di (260 – 265)
    2. Shu Kingdom (Liu family name, Han continuation?)
      1. Zhaolie Di (221 – 223)
      2. Houzhu (223 – 263)
    3. Wu Kingdom (Sun family name)
      1. Da Di (222 – 252)
      2. Kuaiji Wang (252 – 258)
      3. Jing Di (258 – 264)
      4. Wucheng Hou (264 – 280)
  11. Jin Dynasty (Sima family name)
    1. Wu Di (265 – 290)
    2. Hui Di (290 – 306)
    3. Huai Di (307 – 313)
    4. Min Di (313 – 317)
    5. Yuan Di (317 – 322)
    6. Ming Di (322 – 325)
    7. Cheng Di (325 – 342)
    8. Kang Di (342 – 344)
    9. Mu Di (342 – 344)
    10. Ai Di (361 – 365)
    11. Fei Di (365 – 371)
    12. Jianwen Di (371 – 372)
    13. Xiaowu Di (372 – 396)
    14. An Di (396 – 418)
    15. Gong Di (419 – 420)
  12. Sixteen Kingdoms
    1. Zhao Empire (Why are all the Han’s Liu’s)
      1. Guang Wen Di (304 – 310)
      2. Liang Wang (310) – This guy lasted 7 days
      3. Zhao Wu Di (310 – 318)
      4. Yin Di (318)
      5. Hou Zhu (318 – 329)
      6. Ming Di (319 – 333)
      7. Hai Yang Wang (333 – 334)
      8. Wu Di (334 – 349)
      9. Qiao Wang (349)
      10. Pang Cheng Wang (349)
      11. Yi Yang Wang (349 – 350)
      12. Xin Xing Wang (350 – 351)
    2. Cheng Empire (family name Li)
      1. Jing Di (303)
      2. Qin Wen Wang (303)
      3. Wu Di (303 – 334)
      4. Ai Di (334)
      5. You Gong (334 – 338)
      6. Zhao Wen Di (338 – 343)
      7. Gui Yi Hou (343 – 347)
    3. Yan Empire (family name Murong)
      1. Wen Ming Di (337 – 348)
      2. Jing Zhao Di (348 – 360)
      3. You Di (360 – 370)
      4. Wu Cheng Di (384 – 396)
      5. Hui Min Di (396 – 398)
      6. Zhao Wu Di (398 – 401)
      7. Zhao Wen Di (401 – 407)
      8. Southern Yan
        1. Xian Wu Di (398 – 405)
        2. Hou Zhu (405 – 410)
      9. Northern Yan
        1. Gao Yun (407 – 409)
        2. Wen Cheng Di (409 – 430)
        3. Zhao Cheng Di (430 – 436)
    4. Liang Kingdom (family name Zhang)
      1. Cheng Gong (320 – 324)
      2. Zhong Cheng Gong (324 – 346)
      3. Huang Gong (346 – 353)
      4. Ai Gong (353)
      5. Wei Wang (353 – 355)
      6. Jing Dao Gong / Chong Gong (355 – 363)
      7. Dao Gong (364 – 376)
      8. Later Liang Kingdom (family name Lv)
        1. Yi Wu Wang (386 – 399)
        2. Yin Wang (399)
        3. Ling Wang (399 – 401)
        4. Shang Shu Gong / Jiankang Gong (401 – 403)
      9. Southern Liang (family name Tufa)
        1. Wu Wang (397 – 399)
        2. Kang Wang (399 – 402)
        3. Jing Wang (402 – 414)
      10. Northern Liang (family name Duan, then Juqu)
        1. Duan Ye (397 – 401)
        2. Wu Xuan Wang (401 – 433) – First of Juqu family line
        3. Ai Wang (433 – 439)
        4. Juqu Wuhui (442 – 444)
        5. Juqu Anzhou (444 – 460)
      11. Western Liang (family name Li)
        1. Wu Zhao Wang (400 – 417)
        2. Hou Zhu (417 – 420)
        3. Hou Zhu (420 – 421)
    5. Former Qin Empire (Family name Fu)
      1. Jing Ming Di (351 – 355)
      2. Li Wang (355 – 357)
      3. Xuan Zhao Di (357 – 385)
      4. Ai Ping Di (385 – 386)
      5. Gao Di (386 – 394)
      6. Hou Zhu (394)
    6. Later Qin Empire (family name Yao)
      1. Wu Zhao Di (384 – 393)
      2. Wen Huan Di (394 – 416)
      3. Hou Zhu (416 – 417)
    7. Western Qin Empire (family name Qifu)
      1. Xuan Lie Wang (385 – 388)
      2. Wu Yuan Wang (388 – 400, 409 – 412)
      3. Wen Zhao Wang (412 – 428)
      4. Hou Zhu (428 – 431)
    8. Xia Empire (family name Helian)
      1. Wu Lie Di (407 – 425)
      2. Qin Wang (425 – 428)
      3. Ping Yuan Wang (428 – 431)
    9. Ok, there are way too many kingdoms to keep track. Sixteen kingdoms is right.
  13. North and South Dynasties
    1. North Dynasties
      1. Northern Wei Dynasty (family name Tuoba)
        1. Dao Wu Di (386 – 409)
        2. Ming Yuan Di (409 – 423)
        3. Tai Wu Di (424 – 452)
        4. Nan An Wang (452)
        5. Wen Cheng Di (452 – 465)
        6. Xian Wen Di (466 – 471) – Family line changed to Yuan
        7. Xiao Wen Di (471 – 499)
        8. Xuan Wu Di (499 – 515)
        9. Xiao Ming Di (516 – 528)
        10. Youzhu (528)
        11. Xiao Zhuang Di (528 – 530)
        12. Chang Guang Wang (530 – 531)
        13. Jie Min Di (531 – 532)
        14. An Ding Wang (531 – 532)
        15. Xiao Wu Di / Chu Di (532 – 535)
      2. Eastern Wei dynasty
        1. Xiao Jing Di (534 – 550)
      3. Northern Qi Dynasty (Family name Gao)
        1. Wen Xuan Di (550 – 559)
        2. Fei Di (559 – 560)
        3. Xiao Zhao Di (560 – 561)
        4. Wu Cheng Di (561 – 565)
        5. Hou Zhu (565 – 577)
        6. You Zhu (577)
        7. Fan Yang Wang (577 – 579)
      4. Western Wei Dynsasty (back to Yuan)
        1. Wen Di (535 – 551)
        2. Fei Di (552 – 554)
        3. Gong Di (554 – 556)
      5. Northern ZHou (Family name Yuwen)
        1. Xiao Ming Di (557)
        2. Ming Di (557 – 560)
        3. Wu Di (561 – 578)
        4. Xuan Di (578 – 579)
        5. Jing Di (579 – 581)
    2. Southern Dynasties
      1. Liu Song Dynasty (Family name Liu)
        1. Wu Di (420 – 422)
        2. Shao Di (423 – 424)
        3. Wen Di (424 – 453)
        4. Xiaowu (454 – 464)
        5. Qian Fei Di (465)
        6. Ming Di (465 – 472)
        7. Houfei Di (473 – 477)
        8. Shun Di (477 – 479)
      2. Qi Dynasty (family name Xiao)
        1. Gao Di (479 – 482)
        2. Wu Di (482 – 493)
        3. Yu Lin Wang (493 – 494)
        4. Hai Ling Wang (494)
        5. Ming Di (494 – 498)
        6. Dong Hun Hou (499 – 501)
        7. He Di (501 – 502)
      3. Liang Dynasty (Family name still Xiao)
        1. Wu Di (502 – 549)
        2. Jian Wen Di (549 – 551)
        3. Yu Zhang Wang (551 – 552)
        4. Yuan Di (552 – 555)
        5. Zhen Yang Hou (555)
        6. Jing Di (555 – 557)
      4. Chen Dynasty (wow, the second dynasty to be honest about their family name! (after Qin))
        1. Wu Di (557 – 559)
        2. Wen Di (559 – 566)
        3. Fei Di (566 – 568)
        4. Xuan Di (569 – 582)
        5. Hou Zhu (583 – 589)
      5. Southern Liang Dynasty (family name Xiao)
        1. Xuan Di (555 – 562)
        2. Xiao Ming Di (562 – 585)
        3. Xiao Jing Di (585 – 587)
  14. Sui Dynasty (family name Yang)
    1. Wen Di (581 – 604)
    2. Yang Di (605 – 617)
    3. Gong Di (617 – 618)
    4. Yang Hao (618) – Not usually recognized as a legitimate emperor.
    5. Gong Di (618 – 619)
  15. Tang Dynasty (Family name Li)
    1. Gao Zhu (618 – 626)
    2. Tai Zong (627 – 649)
    3. Gao Zong (650 – 683)
    4. Zhong Zong (684, 705 – 710)
    5. Rui Zhong (684 – 690, 710 – 712)
    6. Zhou Dynasty, or, there’s an empress???
      1. Wu Zetian (690 – 705) – Indeed, Empress Wu.
    7. Shang Di (710)
    8. Xuan Zong (712 – 756)
    9. Su Zong (756 – 762)
    10. Dai Zong (762 – 779)
    11. De Zong (780 – 805)
    12. Shun Zong (805)
    13. Xian Zong (806 – 820)
    14. Mu Zong (821 – 824)
    15. Jing Zong (824 – 826)
    16. Wen Zong (826 – 840)
    17. Wu Zong (840 – 846)
    18. Xuan Zong (846 – 859)
    19. Yi Zong (859 – 873)
    20. Xi Zong (873 – 888)
    21. Zhao Zong (888 – 904)
    22. Ai Di (904 – 907)
  16. Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, also known as “argh why is there more chaos”
    1. Five Dynasties
      1. Later Liang Dynasty (family name Zhu)
        1. Xian Wu (907 – 912)
        2. Zhu Yougui (912 – 913)
        3. Mo Di (913 – 923)
      2. Later Tang Dynasty (family name Li)
        1. Zhuang Zong (923 – 926)
        2. Ming Zong (926 – 933)
        3. Min Di (933 – 934)
        4. Mo Di (934 – 936)
      3. Later Jin Dynasty (family name Shi)
        1. Gao Zu (936 – 942)
        2. Chu Di (942 – 947)
      4. Later Han Dynasty (family name Liu)
        1. Gao Zu (947 – 948)
        2. Yin Di (948 – 950)
      5. Later Zhou Dynasty (family name Wei)
        1. Taizu (951 – 954)
        2. Shi Zong (954 – 959)
        3. Gong Di (959 – 960)
    2. Ten Kingdoms
      1. Wu Yue Kingdom (family name Qian)
        1. Wu Su Wang (904 – 932)
        2. Wen Mu Wang (932 – 941)
        3. Zhong Xian Wang (941 – 947)
        4. Zhong Xun Wang (947)
        5. Zhong Yi Wang (947 – 978)
      2. Min Kingdom (family name Wang)
        1. Zhong Yi Wang (909 – 925)
        2. Wang Yanhan (925 – 926)
        3. Hui Di (926 – 935)
        4. Kang Zong (935 – 939)
        5. Jing ZOng (939 – 944)
        6. Tian De Di (943 – 945)
      3. Jing Nan Kingdom (family name Gao)
        1. Wu Xin Wang (909 – 928)
        2. Wen XIn Wang (928 – 948)
        3. Yi Wang (948 – 960)
        4. Shi Zhong (960 – 962)
        5. Gao Jichong (962 – 963)
      4. Chu Kingdom (family name Ma)
        1. Wu Mo Wang (897 – 930)
        2. Heng Yang Wang (930 – 932)
        3. Wen Zhao Wang (932 – 947)
        4. Fei Wang (947 – 950)
        5. Gong Xiao Wang (950)
        6. Ma Xichong (950 – 951)
      5. Wu Kingdom (family name Yang)
        1. Xiao Wu Di (904 – 905)
        2. Jing Di (905 – 908)
        3. Xuan Di (908 – 921)
        4. Rui Di (921 – 937)
      6. Southern Tang Kingdom (family name Li)
        1. Xian Zhu / Lie Zu (937 – 943)
        2. Zhong Zhu / Yuan Zong (943 – 961)
        3. Hou Zhu / Wu Wang (961 – 975)
      7. Southern Han Kingdom (family name Liu)
        1. Tian Huang Da Di (917 – 925)
        2. Shang Di (941 – 943)
        3. Zhong Zong (943 – 958)
        4. Hou Zhu (958 – 971)
      8. Northern Han Kingdom (family name Han)
        1. Shen Wu Di (951 – 954)
        2. Xiao He Di (954 – 970)
        3. Shao Zhu (970)
        4. Ying Wu Di (970 – 982)
      9. Former Shu Kingdom (family name Wang)
        1. Gao Zu (907 – 918)
        2. Hou Zhu (918 – 925)
      10. Later Shu Kingdom (family name Meng)
        1. Gao Zu (934)
        2. Hou Zhu (938 – 965)
  17. Liao Dynasty (family name Yelv)
    1. Tai Zu (907 – 926)
    2. Tai Zong (926 – 947)
    3. Shi Zong (947 – 951)
    4. Mu Zong (951 – 969)
    5. Jing Zong (969 – 982)
    6. Sheng Zong (982 – 1031)
    7. Xing Zong (1031 – 1055)
    8. Dao Zong (1055 – 1101)
    9. Tian Zuo Di (1101 – 1125)
  18. Song Dynasty
    1. Northern Song (family name Zhao)
      1. Tai Zu (960 – 976)
      2. Tai Zong (976 – 997)
      3. Zhen Zong (997 – 1022)
      4. Ren Zong (1022 – 1063)
      5. Ying Zong (1063 – 1067)
      6. Shen Zong (1067 – 1085)
      7. Zhe Zong (1085 – 1100)
      8. Hui Zong (1100 – 1125)
      9. Qin Zong (1126 – 1127)
    2. Southern Song Dynasty
      1. Gao Zong (1127 – 1162)
      2. Xiao Zong (1162 – 1189)
      3. Guang Zong (1189 – 1194)
      4. Ning Zong (1194 – 1224)
      5. Li Zong (1224 – 1264)
      6. Du Zong (1264 – 1274)
      7. Gong Zong (1274 – 1276)
      8. Duan Zong (1276 – 1278)
      9. Di Wang / Wei Wang (1278 – 1279)
  19. Western Xia Dynasty (family name Li)
    1. Wu Lie Di (1032 – 1048)
    2. Zhao Ying Di (1048 – 1067)
    3. Kang Jing Di (1067 – 1086)
    4. Sheng Wen Di (1086 – 1139)
    5. Sheng Zhen Di (1139 – 1193)
    6. Zhao Jian Ji (1193 – 1206)
    7. Jing Wu Di (1206 – 1211)
    8. Ying Wen Di (1211 – 1223)
    9. Xian Zong (1223 – 1226)
    10. Mo Zhu (1226 – 1227)
  20. Jin Dynasty (family name Wanyan)
    1. Tai Zu (1115 – 1123)
    2. Tai Zong (1123 – 1134)
    3. Xi Zong (1135 – 1149)
    4. Hai Ling Wang (1149 – 1161)
    5. Shi Zong (1161 – 1189)
    6. Zhang Zong (1190 – 1208)
    7. Wei Shao Wang (1209 – 1213)
    8. Xuan Zong (1213 – 1223)
    9. Ai Zong (1224 – 1234)
    10. Mo Di (1234)
  21. Yuan Dynasty (Yay, the Mongols! TIL: Genghis Khan’s family name was Borjigin (Temujin is his given name))
    1. Tai Zu (1206 – 1227) – Genghis Khan
    2. Rui Zong (1228) – Tolui
    3. Tai Zong (1229 – 1241) – Ogedei Khan
    4. Xian Zong (1251 – 1259) – Mongke Khan
    5. Shi Zu (1260 – 1294) – Kublai Khan
    6. Cheng Zong (1294 – 1307) – Temur Khan (Timur)
    7. Wu Zong (1308 – 1311) – Qayshan Guluk
    8. Ren Zong (1311 – 1320) – Ayurparibhadra
    9. Ying Zong (1321 – 1323) – Suddhipala
    10. Tai Ding Di (1323 – 1328) – Yesun Temur
    11. Tian Shun Di (1328) – Arigaba
    12. Wen Zong (1328 – 1329, 1329 – 1332) – Jijaghatu Toq-Temur
    13. Ming Zong (1329) – Quoshila Qutuqtu
    14. Ning Zong (1332) – Irinchibal
    15. Hui Zong (1333 – 1370) – Toghan-Temur
  22. Northern Yuan Dynasty
    1. Zhao Zong (1370 – 1378) – Biligtu Khan
    2. Usakhal Khan (1378 – 1387)
  23. Ming Dynasty (or, yay we overthrew the Mongols) (family name Zhu)
    1. Hongwu Emperor (1368 – 1398)
    2. Jianwen Emperor (1398 – 1402)
    3. Yongle Emperor (1402 – 1424)
    4. Hongxi Emperor (1424 – 1425)
    5. Xuande Emperor (1425 – 1435)
    6. Zhengtong Emperor (1435 – 1449; 1457 – 1464)
    7. Jingtai Emperor (1449 – 1457)
    8. Chenghua Emperor (1464 – 1487)
    9. Hongzhi Emperor (1487 – 1505)
    10. Zhengde Emperor (1505 – 1521)
    11. Jiajing Emperor (1521 – 1566)
    12. Longqing Emperor (1566 – 1572)
    13. Wanli Emperor (1572 – 1620)
    14. Taichang Emperor (1620)
    15. Tianqi Emperor (1620 – 1627)
    16. Chongzhen Emperor (1627 – 1644)
  24. Southern Ming Dynasty
    1. Fu Wang (1644 – 1645)
    2. Tang Wang (1645 – 1646)
    3. Lu Wang (1645)
    4. Lou Wang (1645 – 1653)
    5. Tang Wang (1646)
    6. Gui Wwang (1646 – 1662)
  25. Qing Dynasty (The arrival of the Manchu)
    1. Nurhaci (1616 – 1626)
    2. Huang Taiji (1626 – 1643)
    3. Shunzhi Emperor (1643 – 1661)
    4. Kangxi Emperor (1661 – 1722)
    5. Yongzheng Emperor (1722 – 1735)
    6. Qianlong Emperor (1735 – 1796)
    7. Jiaqing Emperor (1796 – 1820)
    8. Daoguang Emperor (1820 – 1850)
    9. Xianfeng Emperor (1850 – 1861)
    10. Tongzhi Emperor (1861 – 1875)
    11. Guangxu Emperor (1875 – 1908)
    12. Xuantong Emperor (1908 – 1911)
  26. Republic of China
    1. Of course, there weren’t any emperors here
  27. People’s Republic of China
    1. Or here either.


Wordcount: 46367, Nanowrimo Pacing: 48333, On Target Pacing: 47068

At the end of today, I have one (1) day remaining. I have a grand total of 3633 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 3633 words a day. (obviously) I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I did not actually write this message last, and  I will actually update it often because I’m interested in seeing my relative progress remaining. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount here, and continue my inflationary techniques elsewhere.

Fun fact: I tried to end at a wordcount which was divisible by the number of days left starting around 5 or 6 days ago. i.e. when I started writing that inflationary piece of text above.

Apparently Shell’s revenue would be 84% of Netherland’s entire GDP.

Apparently, pages like “words without consonants” were supposed to be offloaded to Wiktionary, but the bot that was supposed to do the moving couldn’t do it because the page was too big for it.

Appendix: Yesterday: I am now desperate for words. To demonstrate that I haven’t in fact been playing LoL all day long yesterday (I swear, it was only one game.) and was doing something else slightly more productive (read: still not productive, although it’s a puzzle!) and mentally stimulating, I present to you this (ciphered in Vigenere (which indeed has a fatal flaw in this message even though the keyphrase is several hundred characters long (which importantly for your decryption efforts (should you attempt to do so) is shorter than the length of the plaintext (so at least it’s not a one-time pad))) because I shouldn’t be revealing solutions and stuff (but otherwise, what would there be to talk about?)). (Honestly, if you’re actually trying to figure out things, there are far easier ways to figure this out.)

If you’re complaining that I’m cheating by dividing the words like that into uniform 5-letter chunks, NO, in fact the wordcount decreased by about 50 after I performed that conversion. (Note: do not use the third thing in the key.) [tl;dr: TTT = T_T]




Wordcount: 44132, Nanowrimo Pacing: 46667, On Target Pacing: 45782

At the end of today, I have two (2) days remaining. I have a grand total of 5868 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 2934 words a day. I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I did not actually write this message last, and  I will actually update it often because I’m interested in seeing my relative progress remaining. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount here, and continue my inflationary techniques elsewhere.

Well. This isn’t looking too good now…

It all converges at the five grand now. The number of words that I need to write a day has steadily gone up (save for yesterday; that was because I wrote that pretty large appendix the previous day.)

Monstercat only signs artists to do single tracks, not entire albums, in order to give artists more freedom.

Now, I don’t claim to be an expert at balance, but what sort of balance is it to give people limited pistol ammo but infinite rocket launcher ammo???

So, Flight, you are a paper airplane game, yet you crash when someone tries to throw it backwards.

Swiss cheese gets its holes from carbon dioxide buildup caused by the various bacteria used in making the cheese.

Perhaps I might offload various appendices to other parts of this site. After the end of November, of course.

TTT notes: Switch it up.

Well, the semi-sharp is pretty logical (as well as the three halves sharp). Meanhwhile, the semi-flat… (it’s the normal flat reflected.)

Despite giving myself a full day to work on today’s TIL (granted, I wasn’t really working on this TIL today), I still do not have much of a good solution in order to close the gap. Do I need to create another appendix? Hmm. Isn’t it ironic that I actually managed to get less (TIL) done today?

Quick, massive content generation!

(irregular) sudoku solvers are very bad at finding “global” conditions. For instance, double region locking (or whatever it’s called in sudoku parlance): These three regions entirely cover two lines, so the remainder must form a separate set of 9; three regions that are covered by four lines must mean that the remainder must be covered by a set of 9. Simple math, if you think about it.

So I guess MMC handouts use the “MOSP” acronym now 😦


Wordcount: 43673, Nanowrimo Pacing: 45000, On Target Pacing: 44714

At the end of today, I have three (3) days remaining. I have a grand total of 6327 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 2109 words a day. I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I did not actually write this message last, and  I will actually update it often because I’m interested in seeing my relative progress remaining. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount here, and continue my inflationary techniques elsewhere.

If you are an astute reader, you will have noticed that I took down MFx5’s benchmark because the writer of that is not currently updating MF at the moment.

Here’s a problem, I start my days way too late. For instance, today was started at 10 PM. I will quickly jot down some thoughts and probably we’ll fall behind again. So today will be a fairly short TIL (for some definition of “fairly short”) in an effort to readjust and renormalize my days to normal.

Hmm, uncorking things is very nonuniform and is dependent on the cork design.

This webpage is kinda unstable. Everything lags, and the tab sometimes crashes on me.

So MSJ is still unranked by the US News due to not actually teaching people things and coasting through by getting a good self-selecting demographic, lol

“Dord” was published as defined to be “density” in some editions of Merriam Webster’s. This is because someone provided a correction/addendum to Merriam Webster’s, saying that “D or d” could refer to density, and this was incorrectly transcribed as “dord: density”. The error was found when an editor was trying to figure out what the etymology of dord was, and couldn’t find it.

In a similar vein, “esquivalience” is a fake word in the New Oxford American Dictionary for “the willful avoidance of one’s official responsibilities”. However, it was introduced intentionally in order to catch other dictionaries violating copyright. (Incidentally, it actually caught dictionary.com.)

This technique in atlases is known as a “trap street”. Incidentally, in a court ruling Nester’s Map & Guide Corp. v. Hagstrom Map Co. these trap streets which are intended to protect copyright are not actually copyrightable. (You can use the word uncopyrightables here! (Yay distinct letters!))

In computer fields, they are called “honeytokens”, for instance, a fake email in a mailing list.

Even governments do this! Jakob Maria Mierscheid has been listed as a member of the German parliament, despite not actually being a real person.

Agloe, New York was originally a fictitious town created by mapmakers, but eventually someone put down a general store in that location and it became identified as a real place. The store went out of business after awhile, and now no longer is labeled by maps.

Dinosaur Comics writer Ryan North apparently was interviewed by the Smithsonian, for some random reason. Incidentally, the comics used standard clipart from some library, and Dinosaur Comics was almost going to be Astronaut Comics, but this was scrapped because you can’t see expressions from inside an astronaut’s helmet.

Man, Jorge Luis Borges wrote a ton of innovative short stories.

So, ISIS became the ISIL? Ok.

Random trivia of the 2014 Chess Championships: Anand was the second oldest person to win Candidates (behind Korchnoi) and the second champion to win Candidates (behind Karpov). Game 7 lasted 122 moves before stalemating and the longest game ever was a game between Karpov and Korchnoi.

The first woman to take the seat to the English Parliament House of Commons was Lady Astor, an American, taking the seat of her husband, Waldorf, also an American (though he traveled through Europe during his childhood) (Incidentally, the first woman elected was Constance Markievicz, who declined her seat because of party (Sinn Fein) policy).

Wow, OCR!

tchotchke: a small bauble or miscellaneous item

Don’t worry, the appendices will come back tomorrow. (I know, you can’t wait!) After all, I still have a ways to go with the words.


Wordcount: 42952, Nanowrimo Pacing: 43333, On Target Pacing: 41566

At the end of today, I have four (4) days remaining. I have a grand total of 7048 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 1762 words a day. I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I did not actually write this message last, and  I will actually update it often because I’m interested in seeing my relative progress remaining. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount here, and continue my inflationary techniques elsewhere.

Ah, 35 words behind on target, so that burdens the remaining 5 days by 7 words each. How unfortunate.

Sometimes I get scared that all of my work gets blanked out. Then I realize that I whited out the category system thing and it’s showing me that instead.

WordPress’s UI changes depending on the size of the browser window.

Early film projection rooms had to be fireproof because the film back then was nitrocellulose based, which is extremely flammable (and in other purposes it is a weapon). However, it (being nitrocellulose in general) does not combust well in space (vacuum conditions). Other applications of nitrocellulose included early billiard balls as a substitute for ivory (when the nitrocellulose was covered in camphor, also flammable) (however this would sometimes cause explosive sounds on contact of two balls, which would alert everyone in the then-saloons, causing everyone to take out their gun). It’s still used in table tennis balls. Basically: don’t expose your table tennis balls to a temperature of 150 degrees Celsius or you may regret it.

Tu quoque argument from Soviet Union regarding human rights issues: “And you are lynching Negroes“. Yeah yeah hypocrisy and ad hominem and stuff. (North Korea is doing this right now as well. (You know, Ferguson and stuff.))

PythonChallenge exists. I may do this in my spare time. Or it might fall by the wayside. Who knows?

lol homeopathy. I suppose as you dilute a toxic substance, it gets better insomuch as there’s less toxic stuff. (Obviously not potent at curing ailments, of course.) Incidentally, apparently the idea that “like cures like” comes from the proponent, Samuel Hahnemann. He took quinine (which actually does treat malaria) and subsequently got malarial-like symptoms. However he was asymptomatic of malaria, because quinine is in fact an effective treatment. However, the reason why he got those symptoms in the first place is probably because he had an allergy of some sort to the quinine or the bark that had the substance. Hence he concluded that “like cures like” and perhaps people who took that doctrine to heart subsequently “improved” on the treatment by diluting the harmful stuff to infinity.

Infant botulism is known as floppy baby syndrome.

Appendix: A non-exhaustive list of every single game that I have ever played.

Wait, doesn’t that make it not a list of every single game? Oh well. Games roughly ranked by personal preference. Games not marked by anything are available for PC or online.

  1. Strategy / Tactical Games
    1. Turn Based Strategy
      1. Civilization IV – It wasn’t nominated for Game of the Year for nothing. This is the pinnacle of the Civilization series, no doubt.
        1. Rhye’s and Fall of Civilization – More realistic in the sense that civilizations rise and fall (who would’ve guessed) and expansion is more greatly punished. Historical objectives to complete, and civilizations pop up according to their actual turn
          1. RFC Rand – Because the fixed map is too predictable.
        2. Caveman 2 Cosmos – Perhaps one of the most expansive mods ever. I’ve only played about 0.6 games (until around Industrial era) on this mod, and that literally took a month (about 100 hours of playtime)
        3. Master of Mana – A good and quite complex Fantasy mod. The amount of backstory developed for this game is insane.
        4. Planetfall – Sort of like an Alpha Centauri port to Civ4
      2. Civilization III – First foray into TBS genre, thanks to the WildTangent demo that came with my computer back then. I didn’t know about the registry back then, so my way of extending the demo was basically “uninstall, reinstall”. Conveniently, you can still load games, so this made this scheme viable. (Later on, I would learn about the registry, but by then I would also learn about torrenting things, so yeah…)
        1. Double Your Pleasure – For some reason this mod sometimes crashes. More stuff to have fun with.
        2. Schoolyard Mod – This is actually a pretty fun mod, most of the civilizations have a unique feel to them (e.g. Teachers have OP but extremely costly units, there’s a Skeleton clan that has weak units but can assimilate the dead, among others.) Entire tech trees are personalized.
        3. some other content expansion mod, I forget
      3. Galactic Civilizations II – This is much more of a gimmick game. I think my enjoyment of the game would be greatly increased if I knew about ship creation back then… yeah the defaults quite suck. I did pull off a win as Korx by just outtrading everyone.
      4. Civilization V – Ok, this game is also a gimmick game, compounded by the fact that 1UPT means that the Tactical AI just sucks so badly.
      5. Civilization Revolution (Mobile) – Meh. It’s a good way to kill time if I’m on an airplane or a long bus ride, I guess…
      6. Age of Empires DS – DS games suck while emulated. I’m also not really a fan of console RTS’es either, so there’s that. I also hear that this game sucks in general, so it’s probably not just me.
    2. Turn Based Tactics – I don’t play on this genre much. I find this genre to be way too slow.
      1. Turnbased – Please Ja.Wu. finish developing this game! See, I even rated it above Advance Wars! Actually, I rated it above everything else! Ok fine, there weren’t very many such games.
      2. Advance Wars (GBA) – I didn’t really play this game very much, I admit. There’s only one game that I’ve extensively played on a real console. To give you a hint, the only console that I own is a GBA. More on that later.
    3. Real Time Strategy – The other cornerstone of my gaming life was the RTS genre.
      1. Starcraft – I suck at Starcraft but the modding and mapping potential was pretty good. I actually made a few UMS’es that were somewhat fun
        1. Team Micro Arena – This game mode is so fun. Why doesn’t anyone try to replicate it?
        2. Poker Defense – A fairly interesting twist on the TD genre that apparently never got implemented in flash
        3. Corea – Challenging micro survival
        4. Bughouse Starcraft – Cool twist on Starcraft: units you kill go to your partner and vice versa.
        5. Micro/Macro – Mode where one person controls production and the other controls unit movement.
      2. Rise of Nations – The best, although probably the only, RTS Civilization game that starts from ancient times to the future. Has an arcadey rather than strategic feel to be honest, however.
      3. Warcraft III – Almost certainly for the UMS’es. I haven’t really played WCIII much at all.
        1. Wintermaul Wars – Tower Defense / Tower Attack mashup that is pretty fun to play.
        2. Angel Arena – Fun Hero Defense.
        3. Terminus Arena – Basically an arena map that contains pretty much everything that you could ever want: farming neutral monsters / bosses, skirmishes versus other heroes, enclosed hero racing, incredible amounts of customization, the list goes on.
        4. Final Fantasy RPG – Possibly the only RPG that I played to full on WC.
        5. DotA – Yeah, it’s pretty low here. I’ve played exactly one game of DotA and I had no clue what was going on. DotA is just way too unintuitive for me. I am a casual, right?
        6. Custom Hero Arena – Terminus Arena minus some stuff.
      4. Age of Empires II – The first RTS that I remember playing (Yes, before Starcraft!). It’s a classic.
      5. Sins of a Solar Empire – This game goes too slowly.
      6. Age of Empires III – The colonial version of AoE II. Personally I liked II better.
    4. Grand Strategy Games – i.e. Made by Paradox
      1. Victoria – is the only game I’ve actually finished a game with (as Belgium; being a newcomer I thought a relatively easy goal of being the sole colonizer of Africa as well as getting the highest industrial score was not too bad for a first attempt.)
      2. Victoria II
      3. Europa Universalis III
    5. MMORTS / Web Simulators
      1. Stronghold Kingdoms – The technology system is quite innovative, the gameplay is very polished. It was going to become a micromanagement slog later on, and that was rather sad.
      2. Tribal Wars – I still very highly regard this game, and it was my first MMORTS to date. This is one of those micro games later on.
      3. Cybernations – By stark contrast, the gameplay of this game is highly simplistic. What makes the game so compelling, then? Politics. Playing treaty web chess (indeed, even watching treaty web chess) is very fun which saves this game from an otherwise certain doom.
      4. Lunar Wars – It’s only a shame that the game got closed down so quickly.
      5. Atlas Evolved – I tried beta-testing this game, it went well. But there are major flaws in the battle system that I cannot reconcile. Perhaps the game got better, but I’m not holding my breath.
      6. Civ World – Was a pretty fun game relative to other Facebook games, which makes it… not so fun. They discontinued CivWorld after awhile…
      7. Ikariam – Greek micro slog. Meh.
      8. eRepublik – Why am I putting this game here? Well, I don’t really want to dedicate another section to this game.
      9. Galava – Like Lunar Wars, a bit more gimmicky, and met the same server fate.
      10. Politics and War – I am playing this game only because I’m waiting for CN to have a war already. At least there’s more politics here than any of the other games (besides CN)
      11. Terminator Salvation: Video Game? – Another LW/Galava-esque game that closes down. I see a pattern here, do you?
      12. Travian – Yeah, another micro slog that’s worse than Tribal Wars in every respect.
    6. (Collectible/Trading) Card Games
      1. Elements – A pretty reasonably balanced 12-element system.
    7. Multiplayer Online Battle Arenas (MOBA)
      1. League of Legends – I wasn’t sure where to put this category, so I put it in tactics. Yeah, well, you can read my other TIL’s to get a feel for why I like LoL. I’ll reserve the rest of this category to talk about the other games of the genre.
      2. Dawngate – It’s a shame that the servers went down, because it was shaping up to become a pretty innovative game with many new concepts that I hadn’t seen before.
      3. DotA 2 – Sorry. I don’t have the time to figure out how this game works.
      4. Solstice Arena (Mobile) – Indeed, mobile MOBA’s exist.
  2. RPG’s
    1. Roguelikes – I suck at roguelikes. If the game doesn’t kill me, the boss surely will.
      1. Hyperrogue (Mobile / PC) – Despite not having won the game (I’ve reached Hell three times but finding that key is just so elusive), the mechanics are very original and the time needed to play the game is sufficiently short.
      2. Nethack – The new roguelike classic. I am bad at roguelikes, my best is around dungeon level 18 (specifically the Rogue level; I got teleported by a quantum mechanic to an inaccessible region. Oops.)
      3. FTL – Good game, although not really a roguelike. Oh well. The final boss is rather unforgiving. Gameplay time is pretty short as well.
      4. Rogue Legacy – Mehh I’m even worse at platformers…
      5. Ending – Simple enough highly deterministic roguelike.
    2. Turn-based Combat RPG’s
      1. Pokemon Crystal (GBC) – I like the amount of plot that they managed to put in the GSC series. After you beat Johto, you get to go back to Kanto. That’s pretty cool!
      2. Golden Sun (GBA) – Good plot and stuff. Collecting djinn is always fun. Mildly interesting djinn summon system. I was playing this mostly on phone emulators and got kinda annoyed when my savefile got wiped twice (once on the original, once on the sequel).
      3. Pokemon Emerald (GBA) – This is the game that I actually owned on the GBA. I liked the addition of the Battle Arena places, but it just doesn’t match up to Crystal did (and I played that on an emulator…)
    3. Other RPG’s
      1. Runescape – Heh. This was the game of my life in like 1st and 2nd grade. My only claim to fame here is level 99 woodcutting. (Maybe that’s why I find incrementals so fun…)
      2. Spyro (GBA) – It was one of the only games that worked straight from the games where I got my VBA emulator that worked straight off the bat (I later realized that you had to copy the files from the CD-ROM or else savefiles would understandably not be able to write on the CD-ROM)
      3. Inflation RPG (Mobile) – More a puzzle / resource conservation game than an RPG but there’s still an RPG element, I guess.
      4. War of the Arthropods (TI-89) – I’ve played this game for about two hours (read: two car trips to and back from Stanford) and it’s pretty good.
      5. Zenonia (Mobile) – I played this game for quite awhile.
  3. Incremental Games – I like incremental games because progress. It’s just like woodcutting in Runescape.
    1. Civilization Builders
      1. Kittens Game – Detailed, although progress becomes quite slow around Steamworks / Navigation.
      2. CivClicker – The original civilization builder. Feels rather dated. (By that, it was made in 2013)
      3. A Dark Room – Why does this game end so quickly?
      4. Age of Discovery (Mobile) – Fun resource accumulator game
      5. Future Age – Still a work in progress but I see good things in the future.
    2. RPG Idlers
      1. Candy Box (2) – Fun for the first time, gets old after that.
      2. Quest without End – Kongregate game with minimalist stuff
      3. Clicker Heroes – This barely counts as an RPG but oh well.
      4. Minute Quest (Mobile) – Linear, very linear
      5. Idle RPG – The name sums it up, doesn’t it?
    3. Classic Clickers
      1. Cookie Clicker – The oldest deserves some recognition.
      2. Derivative Clicker – Good mechanics
      3. Sandcastle Clicker – This game is so complicated
    4. Idle Games – These are not very fun; there is very minimal interaction in these games. At least they don’t demand your attention like Facebook games.
      1. Farm of Souls
      2. Progress Quest
    5. Facebook Games
      1. Mafia Wars
      2. Tower Defense something – This one is actually pretty good
      3. Mousehunt
      4. Dragon Age
    6. Other
      1. Anti-Idle: The Game – God this game defies categorization. It is an epic idle game, epic referring to the magnitude of it all, mostly. (i.e. the second most correct definition of epic, after “a story with exciting adventures” but before “awesome”)
  4. Simulation – Either a supergenre or a subgenre of Incrementals, depending on who you ask.
    1. Sandbox
      1. Minecraft – I left this game out at first, but then again it’s arguable that it’s 100% a game.
        1. Hunger Games Mod – Was fun
        2. PvP – Was fun
        3. Spleef – Was fun
    2. Falling Sands – The thing of 2006 or so?
      1. wxSand
        1. I especially liked Genesis mod. There were a lot of other good mods for this game.
      2. Powder Toy
      3. Falling Sand Game
      4. Burning Sand
    3. Tycoon Games – The thing of 2005 or so?
      1. Zoo Tycoon
      2. Rollercoaster Tycoon 3
      3. Zoo Tycoon 2 – Worse than ZT.
  5. Arcade Games – i.e. random games that don’t fit in the previous categories
    1. Room Escape Games – There are a large number of games that fall under here, although perhaps the only ones notable of mention are MOTAS (Mystery of Time and Space) (an extensive room escape as well as one of the forerunners) and Crimson Room (perhaps one of the first flash games in the category)
    2. Tower Defense Games
      1. Desktop Tower Defense – Free pathing instead of the predefined paths from all of the other TD’s. Major development.
      2. Laser Defense – Lesser-known tower defense, I found the uniqueness of several  tower types (especially the scissor tower and the radar tower) to be cool.
      3. Bloons Tower Defense – The low HP and low ATK was an innovation (instead focusing attack power in terms of range, dps, and area of effect).
      4. Onslaught 2 – Lots of tower combos, interesting towers, well-polished game that goes on forever.
      5. Flash Elemental Tower Defense – The forerunner of the flash tower defense genre. Pretty closely imitates Warcraft III’s Elemental TD. (for example, the (only) map is EleTD’s map)
      6. Line Tower Wars – Similar to the Starcraft UMS map. Send minions, gain income. (also similar to Income Defense and Wintermaul Wars.)
      7. Flash Circle Tower Defense – Who needs an end? Lose when there are too many enemies. I believe this was also a Warcraft III custom map.
      8. Random Tower Defense – Intricate technology and resource mining system.
    3. Shooter Games
      1. A Damask Proposal – Very innovative mechanics.
      2. (If I played Touhou, it would be here.)
      3. Luminara – jmtb02 game, clean shooter.
      4. Starwish – Reasonable plot (maybe midtier console game plot level) in a flash game. Fun customization as well. Overall, liked the game a lot.
      5. Halo – So the interesting thing is that I don’t play FPSes very often, so I get to marginalize the entire genre by fitting it here.
      6. fling – insert shameless self-advertisement here
      7. Realm of the Mad God – MMO Bullet hell. What could go wrong? Well, the difficulty curve is rather messed up for one. Also, you end up with “clumping” being the main strategy.
      8. Geometry Wars (TI-84) – Yes, I’m aware of the fact that there’s a Geowars that’s bigger for computers, but I’ve only played this significantly. It’s a good shooter that stands on its own.
      9. Frantic – Customization yay
      10. Phoenix (TI-84 / TI-89) – And this is the iconic shooter that everyone remembers playing on their calculators. The TI-89 version is a lot cleaner but then again I didn’t really play that very much.
      11. Epic Fantasy Battle’s Shooter – Eh, it’s ok.
      12. Team Fortress 2 – Ok, it should be higher, but let’s be honest, I played this game once.
    4. Puzzle Games
      1. Portal – Close enough to a puzzle for me.
      2. Manufactoria – The “assembly” games include this
      3. Jahooma’s Logicbox – and this
      4. Flow (Mobile) – Ok, I admit, there aren’t very many notable puzzle games. For example, this is basically Numberlink.
      5. Transmission – But there are a few gems
      6. Cut the Rope (Mobile) – Which I’m undoubtedly forgetting
      7. Magnetism – Meh.
      8. If you’ve been following my TIL for some time, I was speedrunning Akari’s some time ago.
    5. Arcade Platformers
      1. VVVVVV – Solid game.
      2. Mario (TI-84) – And this is the iconic calculator platformer.
      3. Cave Story – Really good plot, somewhat difficult
      4. Focus – Unusual mechanic, extremely hard game.
      5. Give Up – jmtb02 “hard” platformer isn’t actually too bad
      6. Graviter (TI-84) – Hi Ke.Ch.!
      7. I Wanna Be the Guy – If only I could get past more than 5-ish screens…
    6. Fighting Games
      1. Super Smash Bros. – Remember, I don’t own this game nor the Nintendo 64.
      2. SSBM – Or the Gamecube.
      3. SSBB – Or the Wii. I’m familiar in this order because parties (and hence SSBing) became far less frequent as time went on (and the parties that did happen typically started to become LAN parties of Starcraft or League or whatnot).
    7. Rhythm Games – Disclaimer: I’m at the skill level where I look impressive to people who don’t play rhythm games but kinda suck compared to people who actually PLAY play rhythm games. To put this in perspective, let’s just say that I’m better at LoL than Osu!, and I’m not that great at LoL. Then again, I like tapping more than mouse precision.
      1. Osu! – Introduced from the iOS jailbreak version, incidentally.
      2. Tap Tap Revenge (Mobile) – Yeah, yeah, this was the old iOS game that people liked to play
      3. DDR – You can’t expect me to be good at DDR that I only sporadically play, right? (Specifically, actually dancing. I can’t apply pressure correctly, I think.)
      4. A Dance of Fire and Ice – Not to be confused by ASoIaF, which is a book series. One tap rhythm game.
      5. Stepmania – Sometimes. tl;dr: DDR clone for the computer
      6. Guitar Hero – Literally once.
    8. Minesweeper Variants – Other than the original (duh) I have freely disseminated the information to RH.Wu.
      1. Minesweeper
      2. Mine Tower
      3. Mienfield (Minefield)
    9. Other Arcade-ish Games
      1. Ball Revamped 2/3/4/5 – THIS, VERY MUCH THIS. This is probably one of the most memorable non-strategy games that I have ever played, and this pretty much introduced me to the world of jmtb02.
      2. Achievement Unlocked – I put this game here instead of “Arcade Platformers” because platforming isn’t really the point of this game.
      3. Upgrade Complete – Might as well put this game here too.
      4. Sonic Party – Only game I remember playing on the Dreamcast.
      5. Bejeweled Blitz – Match 3 game ok.
      6. Candy Crush – Yawn, yes I played this game before. The standard Match 3 game. Given too few moves.
  6. Web Riddles – Not to be confused with regular puzzle games, here you’re supposed to figure out what to do.
    1. Rankk – More coding focused/ stuff that I actually *like*.
    2. notpr0n – Perhaps one of the first
    3. Tim Tang Test – Hard. Although the others are hard too.
    4. Python Challenge – Hey, why not put a riddle that I just find out a few days ago.


Wordcount: 39460, Nanowrimo Pacing: 41667, On Target Pacing: 39495 (38k, 39k broken)

On target pacing is computed by taking the previous day’s requirements and adding that to yesterday’s wordcount. It’s a number so that I don’t have to feel bad missing the big pacing number and instead try to aim for the more realistic one instead. However, some days I will even fail that (for instance, yesterday). Oh well. I will just copy the following segment from yesterday (with relevant adjustments, of course) to also increase the word count.

At the end of today, I have five (5) days remaining. I have a grand total of 10540 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 2106 words a day. I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I did not actually write this message last, and  I will actually update it often because I’m interested in seeing my relative progress remaining. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount here, and continue my inflationary techniques elsewhere.

I think today I might just write a lot of words that come from original thought. I put the blog in miniblog. This is definitely by all means not a miniblog anymore though.

  1. I may be creating a puzzle hunt of some sort.
  2. 27^10^10^10 is negligibly equal to 10^10^10^10 (in the sense that the topmost 10 is like 10.000000000000…)
  3. Every Rubik’s cube can be solved in 20 moves. However, there is no discrete algorithm that can do this (other than bashing). The best solves it in under around 28. Also, with regarding quarter turns as multiple moves (in that two consecutive quarter turns counts as two moves), the current best is 25, although it could be improved to 24.
  4. Is it just me, or do I find the entire simulation torture thing silly? (Reference: AI-in-a-box, Roko’s basilisk, etc.)
    1. Premise: I don’t care what happens to copies of me in “lesser” universes
      1. This is obviously dependent on the person. I think it should be reasonable to say that I don’t really care about people where there is absolutely no chance that I will interact with them.
    2. From 1, this also means that a super-me does not care about me. Oh well. But this belief system is probably necessary to stay sane in all of universe creation stuff.
    3. Premise: Any universe simulated by another universe necessarily has to be smaller than the original universe
    4. From 3, I believe it is logical to say that universe simulation must be hierarchical – importantly, no simulation loops are allowed and there must be some of parent-children relationship regarding simulation
    5. Premise: You cannot escape upwards without a tether (i.e. what is created here stays here)
    6. Therefore, any such malevolent agent who claims to be torturing an exact duplicate of me is bluffing, since by 3 you cannot simulate an exact copy of a universe in the universe itself, and by 1 I don’t care what happens to myself in lesser universes. So life is good.
    7. There are a few contigencies that I am willing to concede:
      1. In particular, my argument goes wrong if our superhuman intelligence is allowed to escape to our “parent” universe. Premise 5 is meant to address this.
      2. It’s probably important that we *don’t* develop such quickly self-improving AI.
      3. This doesn’t immediately refute the AI-box experiment as the AI obviously could have some other way of persuading me to. (I’m actually curious as to how Eliezer managed to do so.)

xkcd Facts

  1. xkcd, for obvious reasons, does not have a comic #404. It just so happens to fall on April Fools’ Day.
  2. 1446: Landing changed!
  3. You can actually return to the start in Pixels.
  4. It appears that a potential combination of adblock and disconnect.me results in seeing nothing in Umwelt.

Appendix: Europa Universalis 3 American territories

As you may know, EU3 is a grand strategy game that is quite comprehensive. It has different territories. Since the time period of EU3 is largely focused on prior to the American Revolution (and even after the American Revolution, America still was quite small), so many of the territories have Native American names. However, the territories still follow the outlines of modern states (roughly). Here, I’ll list the territories that correspond to each state. Note that several states are missing territory or could even be totally omitted, due to the fact that there is permanent terra incognita, uncolonizable land during this time period since the developers believed that no reasonable colonization could happen in these regions. But anyway. Here they are, in roughly East-West order. The parentheses indicate new EU4 content, while bracketed is EU3-only content. Newest patch/expansions only.

  1. Maine – [Abnaki], (Aroostook, Kennebec, Androscoggin, Pinobscott, Passamaquoddy) – Abenaki becomes a playable Native OPM that starts off with Pinobscott.
  2. New Hampshire – Pennacook, (Merrimack, Sokoki)
  3. Vermont – Pocumtuk, (Missiquoi)
  4. Massachusetts – Massachusetts, (Wampanoag, Nipmuk)
  5. Connecticut – Connecticut, (Quinnipac)
  6. Rhode Island – Narragansei
  7. Maryland – Conoy, [Delaware], (Nanticoke, Potomac) – Delaware used to cover part of Maryland as well.
  8. Delaware – Delaware
  9. New York – Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Mahican, Manhattan, (Adirondack, Espachomy)
  10. Pennsylvania – Allegheny, Susquehanna, Lenape, (Honniasont, Juniata, Atrakwaye, Munsee)
  11. New Jersey – Unami, (Raritan)
  12. West Virginia – Kanawha, (Monongahela, Manahoac)
  13. Virginia – Monacan, Manahoac, Powhatan
  14. North Carolina – Cheraw, Tuscarora, Pamlico, (Chicora, Roanoke, Waxhaw, Yadkin)
  15. South Carolina – Catawha, Santee, (Saluda, Cusabo, Waccamaw)
  16. Georgia – Chiaha, Yamasee, Muskogee, (Coosa, Coweta, Guale, Mocama, Hitchiti)
  17. Florida – Pensacola, Apalachee, Timucua, [Seminole], (Chatot, Yustaga, Ais, Mayaimi, Calusa)
  18. Ohio – Erie, Wyandot, Ohio, (Chillicothe)
  19. Kentucky – Kentucky, Pennyvile, Cumberland
  20. Tennessee – Tennessee, Shawnee, Cherokee
  21. Alabama – Tuskegee, Alabama, Mobile
  22. Michigan – [Sauk], Menominee, Michigan, Potawatomi, (Mascouten, Okouara) – Sauk used to be Michigan and Wisconsin, but Menominee expanded to fill out the rest of Michigan’s other peninsula.
  23. Wisconsin – Sauk, [Fox], Winnebago, (Mesquakie, Noquet) – I assume Fox was too generic of a territory name.
  24. Indiana – Miami, Wea, (Piankeshaw, Wabash)
  25. Illinois – Illinois, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, (Kilatika, Mengkonka)
  26. Minnesota – Chippewa, Minnesota, (Bungi, Makoua, Wahpekute)
  27. Iowa – [Nakota], Iowa, (Wahpeton, Moingwena) – Nakota became a culture name
  28. Missouri – Missouri, Tamaora, [Osage], (Pahatsi, Michigamea) – Osage became a tribe name
  29. Arkansas – Quapaw, Arkansas, (Caddo, Satuskhidin)
  30. Mississippi – Chickasaw, Choctaw, [Mobile], (Biloxi, Natchez, Yazoo) – Mobile split into Alabama Mobile and Biloxi.
  31. Louisiana – [Caddo], Chitimancha, Bayougoula, (Natchitoches, Adai) – Caddo moved to Arkansas
  32. North Dakota* – Mandan
  33. South Dakota* – Lakota, Dakota
  34. Nebraska* – Omaha, Pawnee
  35. Kansas* – Kansas, Kiowa, (Arapaho)
  36. Oklahoma – [Jicarilla, Ozark], Wichita, (Yscani, Naisha) – Jicarilla moved to New Mexico
  37. Texas – [Comanche, Mescalero], Waco, Tonkawa, Atakapa, Karankawa, Lipan, (Teyas, Querecho, Lipiyanes, Jumano, Cacaxtes, Tuintsunde, Coahuitteco, Eyeish, Hasinai) – Mescalero moved to New Mexico. Comanche became a tribe name.
  38. Montana*
  39. Wyoming*
  40. Colorado* – Arapaho
  41. New Mexico – Piro, Pueblo, Navajo, [Apache], (Zuni, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla) – Apache moved to Arizona
  42. Arizona – Canyon, Yavapai, Pima, (Hualapai, Hopi, Apache, Paiute)
  43. Idaho*
  44. Utah*
  45. Nevada*
  46. California – Pomo, Salinan, [Mojave], Chumash, Yorkuts*, (Miwok, Kumeyaay, Tachi, Cahuilla, Maidu, Yuki, Shasta) – Yorkuts changed to Yokuts in EU4
  47. Oregon – Chinook, Kalapuya, (Siuslaw, Klamath, Umatilla)
  48. Washington – Salish, (Chehalis, Yakima, Spokane, Quilute, Palus)
  49. Alaska – Aleut, Alaska, Yakutat, Tlingit
  50. Hawaii – Hawaii
  51. Asterisked states have extremely vague province boundaries that I can’t correlated to states. So the remaining territories are – Itscheabine, Mandan, Hidatsa, Lakota, Arikara, Omaha Oglala, So’taeo’o, Tsisistas, Baachinena, Skiri, Pawnee, Goshute, Apsaalooke, Kuccuntikka, Eeelalapito, Ashshipite, Piegan, Haaninin, Bannock, Bohogue, Nimiipu, Arapaho, Kiowa

Appendix: A list of fairly recent notable match histories: (to, you know, add words)

  • 11/25/14: Miss Fortune. 5 minute BF sword, 10 minute Infinity Edge. Enemy team gives up shortly after. How? Several things happened in botlane: They mostly tunneled Leona, taking minion damage and getting low (they do get the kill) but I clean up with a double with not much HP left. I activate W right before Vayne heals, so it gets reduced. I get somewhat greedy and stay in lane since I want 1550. So I try to reset the lane and get lifesteal, and Leona comes back. Annie and Vayne’s death timers were staggered at this point, so they come back individually, which is a really bad idea. Annie tries to stun me but gets stunned by Leona, and proccing Leona’s passive does even more damage. Then Vayne comes, and Leona dashes to her and I pick up another kill as a result of the exhaust. So I go back and get boots and a BF sword. We come back to lane which is currently even, and I pretty much zone Vayne out of cs, and after bursting down Vayne (W-AA-Q-AA) to about 200, Leona dashes to Annie under their tower while I hit ult, killing Vayne and eventually getting Annie too. The tower goes down and that results in a very early IE. The rest is history, also helped by the fact that Fizz also got two doubles.
  • 11/24/14: Miss Fortune. What a comeback. I didn’t do particularly well in lane (mainly because of Yi constantly ganking our lane every single time), which is worrying since Vayne. (Our Vi was not spectacular at jungle, needless to say.) We give up a large number of objectives, even throwing at baron once, and once at dragon, but Sion manages to hold off at inhib turrets. (He claimed that he carried the game; while this is emphatically not true (he would’ve won his lane for one, since a fed Teemo makes my autos not work). We manage to catch out Yi trying to splitpush bottom as they tried to siege us at our base, and then we catch out three more, and push the open inhib in mid. We start the inhibitor, while Yi goes and teleports to our exposed inhibitor at bottom, so Lux and Sion recall back. Note that we had already lost our Nexus turrets at this point, so our base was wide open. While the other three of us tried to finish off their nexus turrets (with Thresh being an annoyance meanwhile) Yi eventually died in his efforts to splitpush, getting us a win that probably shouldn’t have happened.
  • 11/07/14: Miss Fortune. First ranked pentakill. (I probably had one or two pentakills in ARAM earlier. My favorite one was as Karthus in a One for All: Mirror Mode match, even though we lost that game in the end after an 80 minute slugfest.) I was duo-boosting a random guy (the Leona) who eventually hits Silver 5. He wants gold, but I don’t think he’s good enough for that. (I’d put him at Silver 3-4 level at best.)
    • No, I don’t just play Miss Fortune… (She is my best ADC though. On my smurf my highest winrate champion is actually Ziggs, then Amumu, who are my default mid and jungle champs.)
  • 11/06/14: Sona. Uhh… not entirely sure what happened here. Our ADC was not very spectacular, I got a bunch of kills (and still did the most damage without building much damage). I think our Nasus eventually got farmed up (Riven is a really tough lane), and I would just punish them for any overaggresive dives.  They never got an inhibitor turret, and a good ult was pretty critical against their teamcomp (as well as a lot of armor – hence I rushed Zhonya instead of the “standard” Lich Bane (in particular, actual support item Locket is kinda useless)).
  • I eventually hit gold again around 09/26/14 on my main, coasting through a 14 game winstreak. After this, since gold can’t demote anymore through inactivity, I work on leveling my smurf to level 30. (Of course it’s not a clean start from level 0 to level 30; more like level 22 to level 30) This happens around end of October, for which I start losing a lot of games on purpose (not directly throwing, but just playing really badly). I get placed into Bronze 2 on my smurf, and eventually drop it to Bronze 3. Then I start helping my friends rank up, as well as trying to hit gold on my smurf as well. (I think smurfing to level 30 actually helped my skill level as well, since I was playing with mid-gold to low plat smurf/party queuers with low leveled accounts.)
  • 09/16/14: Tristana. Mostly notable for winning with 0/0/0. Of course, this was helped with Lucian coming in late, but I decided to not actively try to go for kills, instead just zoning Lucian out of cs. I believe I played this game and a fire drill happened. I was carrying my laptop playing at the same time.
  • 09/13/14: Morgana. They let us siege them, letting us comeback. My black shield probably helped greatly for Nautilus’s CC, and Vayne eventually outscaled.
  • 09/08/14: Lucian. This was the game that demoted me to Silver. Yeah, kinda annoying. Twitch would eventually outscale us, so it was a matter of time, and I couldn’t close out the game quickly enough.  (emphatically, Zed and Yi are not doing very well.)
    • Either one or two games later, I would miss a pentakill by a second (on Miss Fortune, the game itself was otherwise a fairly big stomp. Miss Fortune, 09/08/14)

Most of these are wins because the losses are generally not very notable. I do have a fair few stomps that were only notable because they were stomps, so I didn’t put them (except for the topmost game, which was probably one of my most stompy stomps in awhile). My smurf was indeed at a lower elo for awhile (because I didn’t really try to win my promos and a few games after, if you were keeping track of my blog) but by now has reached or even exceeded my main account’s MMR.


Wordcount: 37394, Nanowrimo Pacing: 40000 (37k broken.)

At the end of today, I have six (6) days remaining. I have a grand total of 12606 words remaining, or in other words I need to write 2101 words a day. I will modify this message until I decide to finish this day’s entry. I will also self-modify the entry every time I add something to it, and remember to update it when I finish at the very end, since changing numbers themselves don’t change wordcount (since this is easier than some sort of autological sentence where I would have to keep track of the types of characters, for instance). I wrote this message last so that I would not have to update it often. I am writing too many words here. I will now stop inflating the wordcount, thankfully.

Song of the Day: Herajika Tracks – Dreaming

Still behind, but we’re definitely catching up. Maybe I should transcribe more ancient manuscripts. (This is a joke)

  1. Linux powers most of the world’s supercomputers
    1. I guess this isn’t actually surprising.
  2. Apparently, some people greet each other with “heaveno” because, you know, “hell”.
  3. Youtube playlists don’t loop properly. I think. (if the playlist has over 100 videos, say)
  4. TSA actually issued a response to an xkcd comic. Then again, xkcd is kinda famous everywhere.
  5. In Movie Narrative Charts, the idea isn’t actually entirely new; one guy Charles Joseph Minard used this type of infographic to show Napoleon’s military history.
  6. plaudit: enthusiastic display of praise or approval
  7. LO-M is a Star Wars droid, deliberately named to imitate the word “elohim” which is Hebrew for God.
  8. 49 bottles of beer on the wall is a popular variant to 99 bottles.
  9. The actual recommended water intake, instead of 8 glasses of water a day, is more like 16 glasses of water in any form (any beverage or food will do), but really just drink water when you’re thirsty (and remember not to overhydrate!)
  10. Fog fences are designed to take the condensation in fog and create potable water.
  11. The Incans already knew about this.
  12. Ikaruga is a polarity switching shoot-em-up.
  13. Miegakure is a still-in-development 4D platformer game.
  14. I remember when people still said “www” out loud. Now it’s pretty much implied. Heck, even “.com” is getting implied.
  15. Magic or more magic? That switch is yours to decide. The situation described is rather interesting.
  16. More magic and EE: when an integrated circuit burns out, the smoke that emanates is called “magic smoke”.
  17. Red Hat Linux at one point had in its manual that it would not support “smokeless” CPU’s.



Wordcount: 36955, Nanowrimo Pacing: 38333 (34k, 35k, 36k broken.)

I think I really need to plan for these weekends being significantly lower output than the weekdays (especially those without classes). By wordcount considerations, I’m about two days behind. Definitely recoverable.

You can treat this TIL to be a bunch of appendices filled with weird stuff. Perhaps it’s a blog?

Also, this tab alone consumes a crazy amount of RAM in my computer. It crashes every so often.

So today, I guess it’ll be another Wikipedia binge day and other random facts. Today will be fueled by xkcd comics, mostly.

  1. Venezuela apparently claims that a part of Guyana (the Guyana Esequiba) to be part of its territory. (That’s about half of Guyana’s size.
  2. Makerere University is Uganda’s largest and third oldest institution for higher learning.
  3. Under the Railways Act of 1921, in Britain, many of the railroad companies (excluding intracity rail and other specialized rail systems) were nationalized into four companies: the Great Western Railway, the London and North Eastern Railway, London, Midland, and Scottish Railway, and the Southern Railway. They were further nationalized into British Rail in the Transport Act of 1947, following World War II. It later reprivatized in 1992
  4. The existence of Roko’s Basilisk
    1. And how Eliezer (the guy who runs LessWrong) placed a blanket ban on its discussion due to the apparent information threat it poses
      1. Oops, I got infected
        1. It’s apparently like “I lost the game” (I lost) but even more subversive
      2. There are so many places on LessWrong: a subreddit, a wiki, etc.
      3. It also spread even further due to the Streisand effect.
  5. Randall Munroe was actually banned (jokingly) from PyCon following his xkcd on parentheses matching.
  6. The space fountain is an alternative proposal to the space elevator: while it does not require the use of superstrength materials, it requires a lot of energy to keep the stream of particles in motion.
  7. The common “schm-” construction to express disdain (found in A Series of Unfortunate Events, among others – e.g. (“dentists, schmentists”) is called shm-reduplication.
  8. I apparently wasn’t paying attention to The Princess Bride enough. Apparently Prince Humperdinck hired Vizzini and co. to kidnap Buttercup.
  9. An Etch a Sketch device uses aluminum powder to cover the screen and polystyrene to redeposit the powder on the glass (hence the rattling noise).
  10. While the Gravina Island Bridge (which would have connected Gravina Island with Ketchikan; Gravina Island only has the Ketchikan Airport and about 50 residents) ended up not being funded, a highway leading up to the bridge (the Gravina Island Highway) was. In other words, it was a highway leading to nowhere. (Normally, the far cheaper solution is to use a ferry.)
  11. 4chan boards e.g. “/a/”, “/b/”, etc. are pronounced “slash a”, “slash b” etc.
  12. “You cut Asia in half” is apparently an actual meme, referring to how many maps draw America in the center.
  13. The bit has a base e and a base 10 relative: the nat (also nepit, nit) and the ban (also dit).
  14. The Chaocipher was created by a guy called J.F. Byrne. It was a cipher with remarkable strength despite only using two disks (one for encryption and one for decryption) Notably, it was completely resistant to first-order frequency attacks (in particular, repeated letter pairs would not be repeated after up to seven iterations, although afterwards it exhibited somewhat of a cyclic dampening effect). This did not translate, as the creator wrongly believed, to an unbreakable cipher. Indeed, the cipher did go unsolved until after his death, but the mechanism was determined fairly recently. A few problems which probably disqualified it from military use (for which Byrne had hoped it would be used for): 1) it was somewhat laborious to put into practice and 2) it was rather prone to error in use, which produced gibberish. This perhaps resulted in 3) Byrne was fairly secretive about the procedure and didn’t really provide additional ciphertexts because of 1 and 2. (The fact that Byrne was so convinced that his cipher was unbreakable also added to the effect.)
  15. I did not know that Kryptos was already mostly solved.
  16. Another xkcd comic that had an error (and was subsequently fixed): Randall thought that 27 was prime.
  17. Several novelty Twitter accounts
    1. However, several others were preowned. It’s likely that the novelty accounts were just created by opportunistic xkcd fans. They were abandoned shortly after the end of the year.
  18. Propositiones ad Acuendos Juvenes is a mildly interesting collection of now-classic mathematical puzzles composed by Alcuin of York in the 800’s. Since I need to add words anyway, let’s write them all. I also don’t know of a text version of this (there is a scanned copy) so I’m definitely making a positive meaningful contribution. (They are mostly pre-algebra problems though, and by no means are they hard. Oh well.)
    1. A leech invited a slug for lunch a leuca[1] away. But he could only walk an inch a day. How many days will he have to walk for his meal?
      1. A leuca is 1500 paces. A pace is 5 feet.
    2. A man walking along a road saw others coming towards him, and he said to them: “I wish there were others with you, as many as you are, plus a quarter of the sum that would be, plus half of that last amount. Then with me as well there would be 100 altogether.” How many did he see on the row?
    3. Two walkers saw some storks and wondered how many there were. Conferring, they decided: if there were the same number again, and again, and then half of a third of the sum that would make, plus two more, that would make 100. How many storks were seen?
    4. A man saw some horses at pasture and wished they were his, and that there were others with them that were his, the same number again, plus a quarter of the sum that would result, for then he would glory in 100 horses. How many did the man see at pasture?
    5. A merchant wanted to buy a hundred pigs for one hundred pence. For a boar he would pay 10 pence; and for a sow 5 pence; while he would pay one penny for a couple of piglets. How many boars, sows, and piglets must there have been for him to have paid exactly 100 pence for the 100 animals?
    6. Two wholesalers with 100 shillings between them bought some pigs with the money. They bought 5 pigs for each two shillings, intending to fatten them up and sell them again for a profit. But when they found that it was not the right time of year for fattening pigs and they were not able to feed them through winter, they tried to sell them again and make a profit. But they could not, because they could only sell them for the price they had paid for them – two shillings for each 5 pigs. When they saw this they said to each other: “Let’s divide them”. By dividing them, and selling them at the rate for which they had bought them, they made a profit. How many pigs were there, and how could they be divided to make a profit, which could not be made by selling them all at once?
      1. The solution to this problem is erroneous. They suck at averaging rates.Remember, it’s the early medieval times, so don’t get too harsh on them.
    7. A dish weighing 30 pounds is made of gold, silver, brass, and lead. It contains three times as much silver as gold; three times as much brass as silver; and three times as much lead as brass. How much of there of each?
    8. A cask is filled with 100 metretae[1] through three pipes. One third plus a sixth of the capacity flows in through one pipe; one third of the capacity flows in through another pipe; but only a sixth of the capacity flows in through the third pipe. How many sextarii[2] flow in through each pipe?
      1. A metreta is about 9 gallons
      2. 72 sextarii = 1 metreta
      3. Yeah, “one third plus a sixth” was not shortened to “one half”
    9. I have a cloak, 100 cubits long and 80 cubits wide. I wish to make small cloaks with it, each small cloak 5 cubits long and 4 wide. How many small cloaks can I make?
    10. I have a piece of linen, 60 cubits long and 40 wide. I want to cut it into portions, each of which will be 6 cubits long and 4 wide. How many portions can be made from it?
    11. If two men each take the other’s sister in marriage, what is their relationship of their sons?
      1. Variations: If two men each take the other’s mother in marriage, what is the relationship between their sons?
      2. Variations: If a relict or widow and her daughter take a father and son in marriage, so that the son marries the mother and the father the daughter, what is the relationship of their sons?
    12. A father, when dying, gave to his sons 30 glass flasks, of which 10 were full of oil, 10 were half full, and the last 10 were empty. Divide the oil and the flasks so that each of the three sons receive equally of both glass and oil.
    13. A king ordered his servant to collect an army from 30 manors, in such a way that from each manor he would take the same number of men he had collected up to then. The servant went to the first manor alone; to the second he went with one other; to the next he took three with him. How many were collected from the 30 manors?
    14. An ox ploughs a field all day. How many footprints does he leave in the last furrow?
    15. How many furrows has a man made in a field, when he has made three turnings at each end of the field?
    16. Two men were leading oxen along a road, and one said to the other: “Give me two oxen and I’ll have as many as you have”. Then the other said: “Now you give me two oxen and I’ll have double you have.” How many oxen were there, and how many did each have?
    17. Three friends each with a sister needed to cross a river. Each one of them coveted the sister of another. At the river they found only a small boat, in which only two of them could cross at a time. How did they cross the river without any of the women being defiled by the men?
      1. The assumption here being that each sister cannot be with another man without her brother. It’s a river crossing problem! (indeed, the first of its kind)
    18. A man had to take a wolf, a goat, and a bunch of cabbages across a river. The only boat he could find could only take two of them at a time. But he had been ordered to transfer all of these to the other side in good condition. How could this be done.
      1. The assumption being the classic wolf eats goat, goat eats cabbage problem; also, the bunch of cabbage counts as one item.
    19. A man and woman, each the weight of a cartload, with two children who together weigh as much as a cartload, have to cross a river. They find a boat which can only take one cartload. Make the transfer if you can, without sinking the boat.
    20. (Text appears to be defective): About a male and female hedgehog with two young, having weight, wanting to cross a river.
      1. The problem appears to be isomorphic to #19?
    21. There is a field 200 feet long and 100 feet wide. I want to put sheep in it, so that each sheep has five feet by four. How many sheep can I put in there?
    22. There is an irregular field, measuring 100 perches along each side and 50 perches along each end, but 60 perches along the middle. How many acres does it contain?
      1.  A perch = rod = pole = 16.5 feet = 1/320 miles. Apparently 144 square rods = 1 acre.
      2. The solution is also very wrong. It is somewhat vague as to what an “irregular field” actually looks like, but you can assume it’s an double trapezium.
    23. A four-sided field measures 30 perches down one side and 32 down the other; it is 34 perches across the top and 32 across the bottom. How many acres are included in the field?
      1. Once again, vague problem. If you like, you can assume the area is maximized.
      2. The (erroneous) Roman/Egyptian formula for the area of a triangle is used, but happily all of the sides are reasonably close to each other.
    24. A triangular field is 30 perches along two sides and 18 perches along the bottom. How many acres must be enclosed?
    25. A round field is 400 perches in circumference. How many acres must it contain?
      1. He either believed that pi = 3 or pi = 4 !
    26. There is a field 150 feet long. At one end is a dog, and at the other a hare. The dog chases when the hare runs. The dog leaps 9 feet at a time, while the hare travels 7 feet. How many feet will be travelled by the pursuing dog and the fleeing hare before the hare is seized?
    27. A four-sided town measures 1100 feet on one side and 1000 feet on the other side, on one edge 600 and on the other edge 600. I want to cover it with roofs of houses, each of which is to be 40 feet long and 30 feet wide. How many dwellings can I make there?
      1. Once again, calculating areas was too hard back then. Also, after doing the area calculation you still have to fit the houses…
    28. A triangular town measures 100 feet along one side and 100 feet along another side and 90 feet along the front. I want to build houses there, each house being 20 feet long and 10 feet wide. How many houses can there be?
    29. There is a round town, 8000 feet in circumference. How many houses must it contain, each house being 30 feet long and 20 feet wide?
    30. A basilica is 240 feet long and 120 feet wide. It is paved with paving stones one foot 11 inches long and 12 inches, that is one foot, wide. How many stones are needed?
    31. There is a wine cellar 100 feet long and 64 feet wide. How many casks will it hold if each cask is 7 feet long and 4 feet wide across the middle, and there is one path 4 feet wide?
    32. A gentleman has a household of 20 persons and orders that they be given 20 measures of grain. He directs that each man should receive three measures, each woman two measures, and each child half a measure. How many men, women, and children must there be?
      1. For a unique solution, assume that there exists at least one of each.
    33. A gentleman has a household of 30 persons and orders that they be given 30 measures of grain. He directs that each man should receive three measures, each woman two measures, and each child half a measure. How many men, women, and children must there be?
      1. Same as #32.
      2. Variant: A gentleman has a household of 90 persons and orders that they be given 90 measures of grain. He directs that each man should receive three measures, each woman two measures, and each child half a measure. How many men, women, and children must there be?
        1. Hmm, I guess I cannot say this anymore. There are 5 distinct nonzero solutions (7 with zero-solutions)
    34. A gentleman has a household of 100 persons and orders that they be given 100 measures of grain. He directs that each man should receive three measures, each woman two measures, and each child half a measure. How many men, women, and children must there be?
    35. A dying man left 960 shillings and a pregnant wife. He directed that if a boy was born he should receive 9/12 of the estate and the mother should receive 3/12. If however a daughter was born, she would receive 7/12 of the estate and the mother should receive 5/12. It happened however that twins were born – a boy and a girl. How much should the mother receive, how much the son, how much the daughter?
      1. Apparently according to Roman law, at least 1/4 of the estate should go to the legal heir, so Alcuin’s split is faulty.
    36. An old man greeted a boy as follows: “May you live long – as long again as you have lived so far, and as long again as your age would be then, and then to three times that age, and let God add one year more and you will be 100. How old was the boy at the time?
    37. A man wanting to build a house contracted with six builders, five of whom were master builders, and teh sixth an apprentice to build it form him. He agreed to pay them a total of 25 pence a day, the apprentice to get half the rate of a master builder. How much did each receive in a day?
    38. A man wanted to buy 100 assorted animals for 100 shillings. He was willing to pay three shillings for a horse, 1 shilling for an ox and 1 shilling for 24 sheet. How many horses, oxen, and sheep did he buy?
    39. A man in the east wanted to buy 100 assorted animals for 100 shillings. He ordered his servant to pay 5 shillings for a camel, one shilling for an ass and one shilling for 20 sheep. How many camels, asses, and sheep did he buy?
    40. A man looked at some sheep grazing on the hillside, and said: “I wish I had these, and as many again, plus half of half of that total, plus half of that last amount; then, counting myself, I would take a hundred to my home.” How many sheep did he see?
    41. A farmer created a new yard in which he put a breeding sow, which produced a litter of 7 piglets in the centre, which with their mother makes eight. They bear litters of 7 piglets each in the first corner of the yard; then all of them bear litters of 7 each in the next corner and so on for all four corners. Finally they all bear litters of 7 in the centre pigsty. How many pigs are there  now altogether, including the mothers?
      1. Assumption: all of the pigs are female. Well, I guess since you’re already assuming they breed uniformly already…
    42. A staircase has 100 steps. On the first step stands a pigeon; on the second two; on the the third three; on the fourth 4; on the fifth 5. And so on on every step to the hundredth. How many pigeons are there altogether.
      1. Incidentally, the solution is the pairing method commonly attributed to Gauss! (The later Greeks as well as the Egyptians and the Babylonians seem to have found this as well.)
    43. A man has 300[1] pigs and orders that they are to be killed in 3 days, and odd number each day. What odd number of pigs must be killed each day?
      1. You can replace 300 with 30.
      2. Yes, this is impossible. Parity. There is no solution attached, however.
    44. A son greeted his father: “Hello father”; to which his father replied; “Hello son. May you live long, as much as you have lived. If you triple that number of years and add one more of my years you will have 100 years.” How old was the boy at that time?
    45. A pigeon sitting in a tree saw others flying, and said to them: “I wish there were others with you – the same number again and a third time. Then with one of me, there would be 100.” How many pigeons were there at first?
    46. A man walking along a road, found a purse containing two talents[1]. Others saw this and said: “Friend, give us a portion of your find.” He refused to give any of them. So they set upon him and took the bag from him and each one took fifty shillings. Seeing that he could not stop them, he reached out and snatched fifty shillings for himself. How many men were there?
      1. A talent = 75 pounds; a pound = 72 shillings.
    47. A certain bishop ordered that 12 loaves be divided among his clergy. He ordered that each priest should receive two loaves, each deacon one half, and each reader a quarter. There were as many clergy as loaves. How many priests, deacons, and readers must there be?
    48. A man met some scholars and said to them: “How many are there in your school?” One of them answered: “I don’t want to tell you that. Count us twice and multiply by three. Then divide into four parts. If you add me to this fourth part, you will have a hundred.” How many did he meet walking on the road?
    49. Seven carpenters made seven wheels each. How many carts were fitted?
    50. How many sextarii are there in a hundred measures of wine, and how many meri are there in the same hundred measures?
      1. A measure = 48 sextari = 288 meri
    51. A dying man left to his sons four flasks of wine. In the first flask there were 40 measures, in the second 30, in the third 20, and in the fourth 10. Calling his steward, he said: “Divide these four flasks of wine among my four sons so that each of their portions shall be equal, both in wine and in flasks.” How is it to be divided so that all receive equally from it?
    52. A certain gentleman ordered that 90 measures of grain were to be moved from one of his houses to another, 30 leucas away. One camel was to carry the grain in three journeys, carrying 30 measures on each journey. The camel eats one measure for each leuca. How many measures will remain?
      1. Jeep probelm!
      2. Sadly, he didn’t know how to solve it consistently.
    53. An abbot had 12 monks in his monastery, calling his steward he gave him 204 eggs and ordered that he should give equal shares to each monk. Thus he ordered that he should give 85 eggs to the 5 priests, and 68 to the four deacons and 51 to the three readers. How many eggs went to each monk, so that none had too many or too few, but all received equal portions as mentioned above.
  19. Well that was certainly inflationary.


Word count: 33335, Nanowrimo Pacing: 36667

The NES Zapper accessory and the R.O.B. (both Nintendo 3rd gen products) only work for cathode ray tubes.

Laserdiscs were very big compact disks (like vinyl big). They never got traction in the USA or Europe, and their primary market was in Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, and Hong Kong. Each disc weighs about half a pound. They just have lower data density: despite their size, they carried about 25% less data than a standard compact disk nowadays (not to mention DVD’s, HD DVD’s, and Blu-Ray discs).

SineRider is a pretty interesting webgame.

More appendices!

Video Game Consoles

  • First Generation (1972-1977) “1-bit era”
    • Home consoles largely emulated arcade machine classics, especially Pong. The games were overwhelmingly single-screen playfields. Black and white graphics, single channel audio.
    • Ended with the video game crash of 1977, which was a result of the oversaturation of the market filled with Pong clones.
    • Consoles
      • Magnavox Odyssey
      • Coleco Telstar
      • Epoch TV Tennis Electrotennis
      • Atari Home Pong
      • Binatone TV Master
      • Nintendo Color TV-Game
  • Second Generation (1976-1983) “4-bit era”
    • Now in a whopping 16 colors! Often, still very simplistic sprites / vector stick graphics
    • Microprocessors > Transistors
    • Cartridge-based system, now you can buy additional games!
    • Playfields were typically single-screen, but you could have multiple rooms.
    • Once again, the market crashed as a result of oversaturation. This time, there were way too many companies involved, and in the end it divided up the efforts of video game designers and deadlines were missed.
    • Called the Golden Age of Video Gaming since it gave us iconic arcade classics like Pacman, Q*Bert, Asteroids, etc. etc.
    • Consoles
      • Magnavox Odyssey^2
      • Fairchild Channel F
      • Bally Astrocade
      • Colecovision
      • Atari 2600
      • Mattel Intellivision
      • Emerson Arcadia 2001
      • Atari 5200
      • Vectrex
      • Nintendo Game & Watch
      • Epoch Game Pocket Computer
      • Milton Bradley Microvision
  • Third Generation (1983-2003) “8-bit”
    • Most of the old companies (Magnavox, Coleco, etc.) fold as a result of the crash; Atari barely holds on
    • Japan (mostly Nintendo) comes in to save the day, and make some money
    • D-pad controllers
    • Smooth playfield transitions!
    • Sprite graphics with more than 2-3 colors!
    • 256 colors! State of the art stuff here.
    • Consoles
      • Nintendo Entertainment System (NES or Famicom)
      • Sega SG-1000
      • Sega Master System
      • Atari 7800
      • Atari XEGS
      • Amstrad GX4000
      • Commodore 64 Games System
  • Fourth Generation (1987-2003) “16-bit”
    • Continued console wars between Nintendo and Sega
    • Parallax scrolling, 65536 colors, CD-ROM game storage, Stereo audio
    • Incidentally, since space was still limited, almost no RPG’s were released to non-English speaking European countries (i.e. not UK) since translations are expensive and there’s too much text to translate
    • Also, handhelds come up around now
    • Consoles
      • Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES / Super Famicom)
      • Sega Genesis (Mega Drive)
      • NEC PC Engine / TurboGrafx-16
      • Neo Geo AES
      • Philips CD-i
      • Commodore CDTV
      • Pioneer LaserActive
      • Super A’Can
    • Handhelds
      • Nintendo Game Boy
      • Atari Lynx
      • Sega Game Gear
      • NEC TurboExpress
  • Fifth Generation (1993-2005) “32-bit” / “64-bit”
    • Early 3-D polygon games, prerendered computer animation, 24-bit true color
    • Audio recordings
    • Consoles
      • Nintendo 64
      • Atari Jaguar
      • Sega Saturn
      • Sony Playstation
      • 3DO Interactive Multiplayer
      • FM Towns Marty
      • Amiga CD32
      • NEC PC-FX
      • Apple Bandai Pippin
      • Bandai Playdia
      • Casio Loopy
    • Handhelds
      • Sega Nomad
      • Virtual Boy
      • R-Zone
      • Game Boy Color
      • Game Boy Pocket
      • Game Boy Light
  • Sixth Generation (1998-2013) “128-bit”
    • Microsoft enters and Sega leaves. We now have the modern trinity of video game consoles that we know today.
    • Early forms of internet connectivity, more refined games; now generations are less of a paradigm shift (although we do see some of it in future generations) and more of the major companies releasing a new iteration of their consoles
    • Nintendo continues to have a dominance in Handhelds, although the other two companies make a lot of other things besides video game consoles, so it’s ok.
    • Most other handhelds look like sideways Blackberries. They were too advanced for their generation of phone playables.
    • Computer games and home console games start growing closer together (and further away from the antiquated arcade games)
    • Consoles
      • Sega Dreamcast
      • Sony Playstation 2
      • Nintendo Gamecube
      • Microsoft Xbox
      • Nuon
      • Atari Flashback
      • VSmile
    • Handhelds
      • Game Boy Advance
      • Game Boy Advance SP (SP means “special”)
      • Game Boy Micro
      • Nokia N-Gage
      • Tapwave Zodiac
      • Neo Geo Pocket Color
      • GP32
      • Wonderswan
      • Wonderswan Color
      • VSmile Color
  • Seventh Generation (2005-)
    • The modern trinity of game companies had divergent innovations
    • Xbox 360 has native HD game compatibility, PS3 has a Blu-ray player, Wii was the first motion-based controller
    • Motion-based addons come for the other two companies: Xbox Kinect, Playstation Move
    • Better internet connectivity support
    • Sony enters the handheld market
    • Consoles
      • Xbox 360
      • Playstation 3
      • Nintendo Wii
      • Evo Smart Console
      • Zeebo
      • Hyperscan
      • Game Wave
    • Handhelds
      • Nintendo DS
      • Nintendo DS Lite
      • Nintendo DSi
      • Nintendo DSi XL
      • PSP 1000, 2000, 3000
      • PSP Go
      • CAANOO
      • Fusion
      • Leapster2
      • PDC Touch
      • Pandora
      • Pelican Handheld
  • Eighth Generation (2012-)
    • Major competition with tablets, smartphones
    • Also open source gaming
    • Consoles
      • Wii U
      • Playstation 4
      • Xbox One
      • Amazon Fire TV
      • GamePop
      • Steam Machine
      • GameStick
      • MOJO
      • Nexus Player
      • Ouya
      • Retron 5
    • Handhelds
      • Nintendo 3DS
      • Nintendo 2DS
      • PSP Vita
      • Archos Gamepad
      • GCW Zero
      • JXD S7800
      • Neo Geo X
      • Nvidia Shield
      • Wikipad


Word Count: 32552, Nanowrimo Target: 35000, MFx5 Target: 31120. 30k, 31k, 32k broken.

Hmmm, this deficit is quickly becoming insurmontable. This could become a problem very shortly, I suppose. We have about 10 days in order to complete slightly more than 20000 words of text. In other words, I may have to employ the use of length-increasing methods.

Bread tags are also known as occlupanids in a somewhat joke classification system.

Apparently trackpads are breakable. (No, I didn’t break mine!)

The Fields Medal has a typo. (Well, I suppose it’s not a typo back then, more like a sculpto?)

The fontsize for editing the page has been reverted. Huh, I guess WordPress is doing some sort of live UI testing.

I just realized that WordPress could take out their servers without notice tomorrow and I would lose a ton of work’s progress. Heh. Meanwhile Blogspot is trying to create a new niche with their new layout and stuff.

Zzyzx Road was intentionally named so by Curtis Howe Springer as the “last word of the English language”. Springer was an American radio evangelist, a self-proclaimed medical doctor and Methodist minister. In fact, he was neither of the last two, and he didn’t have land rights to Zzyzx in the first place. He would eventually be imprisoned for land squatting and false advertisement.

The word “quack” comes from the archaic word “quacksalver”. Quack used to mean shouting, and quacks typically sold their wares through shouting. Health fraud in itself is not quackery, but aggressive promotion of such services is. (The former would be pseudomedicine).

Linus Pauling was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1962 (apparently for his campaign against nuclear testing)

Poaching can refer to snowboarding at a place where snowboarding is prohibited.

The ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (yeah, I copypasted that for the sole purpose of adding to the word count)) classification system contains a section for accidents and other external causes. Not just diseases or even health problems.

Nosocomial infections are infections that occur due to contamination from hospital equipment. This causes the death of about 100,000 each year in the United States.

Stypi only loads the code that is currently in the window, and a direct result of this is that you cannot control-F effectively if your code is longer than a screen’s height.

Don’t overevaluate or you will get problems.

Wow, someone actually wrote a nonspam comment in my 2048 variant page. First one in a couple of months.

Ireland seceded from UK fairly recently – 1922.

I think I will pad my word count by applying various appendices.

Country groupings:

  • EU3 = United Kingdom, France, Germany (No, EU3 does not stand for Europa Universalis 3.)
  • EU4 = EU3 + Italy
  • G6 = EU4 + USA, Japan
  • G7 = G6 + Russia = Axis Powers + Allied Powers
  • G8 = G7 + Canada
  • O5 = China, Brazil, India, Mexico, South Africa
  • G14 = G8 + O5 + Egypt
  • G20 = G8 + O5 + Argentina, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, European Union

Study Words (there’s also myology, phycology, coniology, and nephology in the previous day’s wordlist)

  • acarology: study of mites and ticks
  • autecology: study of the relationship between an individual species and its environment
  • axiology: study of values and value judgements
  • balneology: study of baths and bathing
  • campanology: study of bell casting and ringing
  • carpology: study of fruit seeds
  • codicology: study of early handwritten books (codices (plural of codex))
  • dendrology: study of wooded plants
  • deontology: study of ethical theory of duty and rights
  • helminthology: study of worms
  • histology: study of cell anatomy
  • ichnology: study of fossilized footprints
  • kremlinology: study of the politics of Communist states
  • limnology: study of inland, freshwater lakes
  • malacology: study of mollusks
  • menology: an ecclesiastical calendar
  • metrology: study of measurement
  • missiology: study of the mandate, message, and mission of the Christian church
  • myrmecology: study of ants
  • nomology: study of laws
  • nostology: study of senility
  • oenology: study of wines
  • oology: study of bird eggs
  • onomatology: study of name origins
  • orismology: study of defining or explaining technical terminology
  • orology: study of mountains
  • otology: study of the ear
  • palynology: study of pollen
  • peridontology: study of the teeth and supporting structures
  • philology: study of classical authorship and language in historical sources
  • phlebology: study of venous disorders
  • pneumatology: study of spiritual beings and phenomena
  • posology: study of medicinal dosages
  • praxeology: study of human conduct
  • psephology: study of political elections
  • pteridology: study of ferns
  • sarcology: study of the soft parts of the body (so pretty much everything but our bones)
  • semiology: study of meaning making
  • sitology: study of nutrition and diet
  • soteriology: study of religious doctrines of salvation
  • synecology: study of ecological interrelationships
  • teleology: study of purpose or design
  • teratology: study of abnormalities in development (I always thought that teratogens were cancer-inducing (effectively a synonym for carcinogens), but apparently they’re substances that cause abnormalities to fetuses and embryos. TIL.)
  • tocology: study of childbirth
  • tribology: study of interacting surfaces (e.g. friction)
  • trichology: study of hair
  • tropology: study of tropes and metaphors
  • ufology: study of UFO’s
  • uranology: study of heavenly bodies
  • zymology: study of fermentation

Fun fact: of these words, campanology, histology, oenology, philology, psephology, teleology, ufology are good words by Chrome spellcheck.

Fake Study Words

  • dactylology: use of fingers and hands to communicate
  • doxology: a hymn or verse of praise to God
  • haplology: the loss of one of two identical syllables in a word
  • misology: hatred of reason
  • nosology: a classification of diseases

Miles and Units

  • Talmudic mile: 960-1152 meters
  • Roman mile: 1482 meters
  • Sicilian mile: 1486.6 meters
  • Metric mile: 1500 meters
  • London mile: 1524 meters
  • Statute mile: 1609.3426 meters
  • International mile: 1609.344 meters (exactly 0.0002% smaller than the survey mile)
  • U.S. Survey mile: 1609.347219 meters
  • Arab mile: ~1800 – 2000 meters
  • Scots mile: 1810 meters
  • Italian mile: 1820 meters
  • Data mile: 1828.8 meters
  • Nautical mile: 1852 meters
  • Turkish nautical mile: 1853.181 meters
  • Admiralty nautical mile: 1853.184 meters
  • U.S. old nautical mile: 1853.249 meters
  • Old English mile: ~1900 meters
  • Irish mile: 2048 meters
  • Portuguese mile: 2065 – 2087.3 meters
  • Gallic mile: 2220 meters
  • Sardinian / Piedmontese mile: 2470 meters
  • Scottish mile: 2622 meters
  • Irish mile: 2880 meters
  • Flemish mile: 3780 meters
  • French league: 3898 meters
  • Metric league: 4000 meters
  • Mexican league: 4190 meters
  • Landleuge: 4444.8 meters
  • French commune league: 4452.2 meters
  • Paraguayan league: 4513 meters
  • Chilean league: 4513 meters
  • Swiss mile: 4808 meters
  • English land league: 4828 meters
  • German double league: 4800 – 4900 meters
  • Argentine league: 5152 meters
  • Uruguayan league: 5154 meters
  • Bolivian league: 5196 meters – 5200 meters
  • Venezuelan league: 5370 meters
  • Portuguese league: 5500 meters
  • Ecuadorian league: 5510 meters
  • Prussian state league: 5532.5 meters
  • Honduran league: 5540 meters
  • Nautical league: 5556 meters
  • Spanish league: 5570 meters
  • Colombian league: 5572 meters
  • Peruvian league: 5572.7 meters
  • Old Spanish league: 5572.7 meters
  • Brazilian league: 5590 – 5600 meters
  • Dutch mile: 5840 meters (Holland)
  • Old Portuguese league: 6197 meters
  • Luxembourgian league: 6277 meters
  • Belgian league: 6280 meters
  • New Spanish league: 6687.24 meters
  • Saxon league: 6797 meters
  • Dutch mile: 7400 meters
  • Germanic nautical mile: 7412.7 meters
  • Hanoverian mile: 7419.2 meters
  • Brunswick mile: 7419.4 meters
  • Bavarian mile: 7420.4 meters
  • Geographic mile: 7420.439 meters
  • Wurtemberg mile: 7448.7 meters
  • Hohenzollern mile: 7450 meters
  • Russian mile: 7467.6 meters
  • Bohemian mile: 7480 meters
  • New Saxon mile: 7500 meters
  • Danish mile, Prussian mile: 7532.5 meters = 4.8 Roman miles
  • Austrian mile: 7585.9 meters
  • Romanian mile: 7850 meters
  • Hungarian mile: 8353.6 meters
  • Scheswig-Holstein mile: 8800 meters
  • Baden mile: 8888.89 meters
  • Middle Saxon mile: 9062 meters
  • Hessian mile: 9206.3 meters
  • Hanoverian mile: 9323 – 9347 meters
  • Oldenburg mile: 9869.6 meters
  • Norwegian-Swedish mile: 10000 meters
  • Westphalian mile: 10044 meters
  • Finnish mile: 10670 meters
  • Swedish mile: 10687 meters
  • Croatian mile: 11130 meters
  • Norwegian mile: 11298 meters

Two unit conversions between customary and metric are exact: The yard is exactly 0.9144 meters. The pound is exactly 0.45359237 kilograms.

Unification of Germany

  • Kingdoms
    • Prussia
      • Duchy of Prussia
      • March of Brandenburg
      • Duchy of Nassau
      • Duchy of Holstein
      • Duchy of Schleswig
      • Saxe-Lauenberg
      • Free City of Danzig
      • Free City of Frankfurt
      • Kingdom of Hanover
      • Electorate of Hesse
      • Swedish Pomerania
    • Bavaria
      • Bishopric of Wurzburg
      • Duchy of Bavaria
    • Saxony
    • Wurttemberg
  • Grand Duchies
    • Baden
    • Hesse
    • Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    • Mecklenburg-Strelitz
    • Oldenburg
    • Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
      • Saxe-Weimar
      • Saxe-Eisenach
  • Duchies
    • Anhalt
    • Brunswick
    • Saxe-Altenburg
    • Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
    • Saxe-Meiningen
  • Principalities
    • Lippe
    • Reuss-Gera
    • Reuss-Greiz
    • Schaumburg-Lippe
    • Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
    • Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen
    • Waldeck-Pyrmont
  • Free Hanseatic Cities
    • Bremen
    • Hamburg
    • Lubeck

Largest Cities (Where possible, I either gave the top 5 cities, as well as all cities with a population of at least a million. Numbers are in thousands. City proper counted. Aggloermations are cut approximately by a third. Asterisked cities are capitals.)

  • Africa
    • Algeria: Algiers* (1570), Wahran (705), Constantine (465), Annaba (353), Batna (247)
    • Angola: Luanda* (1200), Huambo (300)
    • Benin: Cotonou (862), Porto-Novo* (290), Parakou (194)
    • Botswana: Gaborone* (232)
    • Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou* (1475), Bobo Dioulasso (490), Koudougou (88), Banfora (76), Ouahigouya (73)
    • Burundi: Bujumbura* (497)
    • Cape Verde: Praia* (100)
    • Cameroon: Douala (1907), Yaounde* (1818), Bamenda (270), Bafoussam (239), Maroua (201)
    • Chad: N’Djamena* (531)
    • Djibouti: Djibouti* (383)
    • Egypt: Cairo* (7249), Alexandria (4358), Giza (3122), Kalyoubia (2054), Dakahlia (1503)
    • Ethiopia: Addis Ababa* (2646), Dire Dawa (237), Nazareth (189), Dessi (142), Mekele (141)
    • Gabon: Libreville* (362)
    • Gambia: Banju* (42)
    • Ghana: Accra* (1500), Kumasi (1200), Ashiaman (200), Tamale (200), Takoradi (150)
    • Guinea: Conakry* (1092), Kindia (200), Nzerekore (200), Kankan (200), Labe (200)
    • Kenya: Nairobi* (3134), Mombasa (915), Nakuru (286), Kisumu (259), Eldoret (252)
    • Madagascar: Antananarivo* (1015), Toamasina (150), Antsirabe (120), Fianarantsoa (100), Mahajanga (100)
    • Malawi: Lilongwe* (669), Blantyre City (661)
    • Mauritania: Nouakchott* (847)
    • Mauritius: Port Louis* (148), Vacoas (109), Beau Bassin (111)
    • Morocco: Casablanca (3083), Fez (1090), Marrakech (1040), Sale (947), Tanger (850) [Rabat* (665) is around 7th]
    • Mozambique: Maputo* (967), Matola (425), Beira (397), Nampula (303), Chimoio (171)
    • Namibia: Windhoek* (150)
    • Niger: Niamey* (708), Zinder (171), Maradi (148)
    • Reunion: Saint-Denis* (138)
    • Rwanda: Kigali* (603), Gitarama (138), Butare (137)
    • Saint Helena: Jamestown* (714 people)
    • Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome* (50)
    • Senegal: Dakar* (1056), Pikine (941), Thies (618), Mbour (605), Kaolack (410)
    • Seychelles: Victoria* (25)
    • Sierra Leone: Freetown* (945), Bo (231), Kenema (195), Makeni (115)
    • Somalia: Mogadishu* (1212)
    • South Africa: Cape Town* (987), Soweto (904), Port Elizabeth (775), Johannesburg (752), Pretoria* (692) [Durban (669) is 6th; Bloemfontein* (351) is around 10th]
    • Tunisia: Tunis* (702), Sfax (249), Kairouan (110), Bizerte (106), Gabes (105)
    • Uganda: Kampala* (1534), Kira (150), Gulu (120), Lira (100)
    • Western Sahara: El Aaiun* (169)
    • Zambia: Lusaka* (1057), Ndola (371), Kitwe (362), Kabwe (170), Chingola (165)
    • Zimbabwe: Harare* (1513), Bulawayo (714), Chitungwiza (341), Mutare (180), Gweru (148)
  • North America
    • Anguilla: The Valley* (5)
    • Aruba: Oranjestad* (28)
    • Bahamas: Nassau* (244)
    • Belize: Belmopan* (8)
    • Bermuda: Hamilton* (1)
    • Canada: Toronto (4000), Montreal (3000), Vancouver (1600), Calgary (800), Ottawa* (800)
    • Cayman Islands: Georgetown* (29)
    • Costa Rica: San Jose* (288), Alajuela (200), Desamparados (150), San Carlos (120), Cartago (100)
    • Cuba: Havana* (2129), Santiago (425), Camaguey (306), Holguin (277), Guantanamo (208)
    • Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo* (1126), Santiago de los Caballeros (758), La Vega (274), Los Alcarrizos (250), San Pedro de Macoris (233)
    • El Salvador: San Salvador* (316), Soyapango (241), Santa Ana (204), San Miguel (158), Mejicanos (141)
    • Guadeloupe: Pointe-a-Pitre (100), Basse-Terre* (12)
    • Guatemala: Guatemala City* (1022), Mixco (452), Villa Nueva (390), Quetzaltenago (152), Escuintla (115)
    • Haiti: Port-au-Prince* (991), Carrefour (336), Delmas (284), Cap-Haitien (114)
    • Honduras: Tegucigalpa* (858), San Pedro Sula (519), La Ceiba (138)
    • Japaica: Kingston* (579), Portmore (156), Spanish Town (132)
    • Martinique: Fort-de-France* (90)
    • Mexico: Mexico City* (8851), Ecatepec (1655), Guadalajara (1495), Puebla de Zaragoza (1434), Juarez (1321), Tijuana (1300), Leon (1239), Zapopan (1142), Monterrey (1135), Netzahualcoyotl (1105)
    • Nicaragua: Managua* (600), Leon (100), Masaya (80), Chinandega (80), Tipitapa (80)
    • Panama: Panama City* (895), San Miguelito (374)
    • Puerto Rico: San Juan* (382), Bayamon (202), Carolina (173), Ponce (160), Caguas (141)
    • Saint Lucia: Castries* (11)
    • Saint Pierre and Miquelon: Saint-Pierre* (6)
    • Trinidad and Tobago: Port-of-Spain* (43)
    • Turks and Caicos Islands: Grand Turk* (6)
    • United States of America: Washington DC* (646) ranks 23rd. Because, Murica, I’ll do every single state! Cutoff at top 100 cities. (Overall: New York City (8406), Los Angeles (3884), Chicago (2719), Houston (2196), Philadelphia (1553), Phoenix (1513), San Antonio (1409), San Diego (1356), Dallas (1257))
      • Alabama: Birmingham (212 [101]), Montgomery* (201 [111]), Mobile (195 [122]), Huntsville (186 [126]), Tuscaloosa (90 [313])
      • Alaska: Anchorage (301 [63]), Fairbanks (32), Juneau* (31), Badger (19), Knik-Fairview (15)
      • Arizona: Phoenix* (1513 [6]), Tucson (526 [33]), Mesa (458 [38]), Chandler (249 [79]), Glendale (235 [87]), Scottsdale (227 [95])
      • Arkansas: Little Rock* (197 [118]), Fort Smith (86 [355]), Fayetteville (74 [411]), Springdale (70 [443]), Jonesboro (67 [469])
      • California: Los Angeles (3884 [2]), San Diego (1356 [8]), San Jose (999 [10]), San Francisco (837 [14]), Fresno (510 [34]), Sacramento* (480 [35]), Long Beach (469 [36]), Oakland (406 [45]), Bakersfield (364 [52]), Anaheim (345 [56]), Santa Ana (334 [57]), Riverside (317 [59]), Stockton (298 [64]), Chula Vista (257 [75]), Irvine (237 [85]), Fremont (225 [97]), San Bernardino (214 [100])
      • Colorado: Denver* (649 [22]), Colorado Springs (440 [41]), Aurora (346 [55]), Fort Collins (144 [160]), Lakewood (143 [173])
      • Connecticut: Bridgeport (147 [172]), New Haven (131 [195]), Stamford (126 [209]), Hartford* (125 [212]), Waterbury (110 [253])
      • Delaware: Wilmington (71 [470]), Dover* (37), Newark (32), Middletown (19), Smyrna (10)
      • Florida: Jacksonville (843 [13]), Miami (418 [44]), Tampa (353 [53]), Orlando (255 [77]), Saint Petersburg (250 [78]), Hialeah (233 [89]); Tallahassee* (186 [125]) is 7th.
      • Georgia: Atlanta* (448 [40]), Columbus (203 [110]), Augusta (197 [119]), Savannah (143 [180]), Athens (222 [120])
      • Hawaii: Honolulu* (54 [348]), East Honolulu (50), Pearl City (48), Hilo (43), Kailua (39)
      • Idaho: Boise* (214 [98]), Nanpa (82 [361]), Meridian (75 [381]), Idaho Falls (57 [620]), Pocatello (54 [674])
      • Illinois: Chicago (2719 [3]), Aurora (200 [114]), Rockford (150 [164]), Joliet (148 [169]), Naperville (145 [176]). Springfield* (117 [230]) is 6th.
      • Indiana: Indianapolis* (843 [12]), Fort Wayne (256 [76]), Evansville (120 [219]), South Bend (101 [289]), Carmel (79 [366])
      • Iowa: Des Moines* (208 [104]), Cedar Rapids (128 [199]), Davenport (102 [283]), Sioux City (83 [393]), Iowa City (68 [468])
      • Kansas: Wichita (387 [49]), Overland Park (181 [132]), Kansas City (148 [168]), Olathe (132 [193]), Topeka (128 [202])
      • Kentucky: Louisville (610 [28]), Lexington (308 [61]), Bowling Green (58 [571]), Owensboro (57 [617]), Covington (41)
      • Louisiana: New Orleans (379 [51]), Baton Rouge* (229 [93]), Shreveport (200 [113]), Lafayette (124 [214]), Lake Charles (72 [452])
      • Maryland: Baltimore (622 [26]), Frederick (65 [514]), Gaithersburg (60 [526]), Rockville (61 [543]), Bowie (55 [637]). Annapolis* (39) is 7th.
      • Massachusetts: Boston* (646 [24]), Worchester (183 [129]), Springfield (154 [158]), Lowell (109 [257]), Cambridge (107 [264])
      • Michigan: Detroit (689 [18]), Grand Rapids (192 [123]), Warren (135 [189]), Sterling Heights (131 [194]), Ann Arbor (117 [229]). Lansing* (114 [236]) is 6th.
      • Minnesota: Minneapolis (400 [46]), Saint Paul* (295 [66]), Rochester (111 [246]), Bloomington (83 [362]), Duluth (86 [365])
      • Mississippi: Jackson* (173 [138]), Gulfport (68 [476]), Southaven (49 [724]), Hattiesburg (47), Biloxi (45)
      • Missouri: Kansas City (467 [37]), St. Louis (318 [58]), Springfield (164 [148]), Independence (117 [227]), Columbia (115 [235])
      • Montana: Billings (109 [256]), Missoula (67 [491]), Great Falls (59 [604]), Bozeman (40), Butte (34). Helena* (30) is 6th.
      • Nebraska: Omaha (434 [42]), Lincoln* (269 [72]), Bellevue (50 [685]), Grand Island (49 [731]), Kearney (32)
      • Nevada: Las Vegas (603 [30]), Henderson (271 [71]), Reno (233 [90]), North Las Vegas (227 [96]), Sparks (91 [321]). Carson City* (55 [678]) is 6th.
      • New Hampshire: Manchester (110 [248]), Nashua (86 [358]), Concord* (43), Derry (33), Dover (30)
      • New Jersey: Newark (278 [69]), Jersey City (257 [74]), Paterson (175 [146]), Elizabeth (128 [203]), Edison (101 [285])
      • New Mexico: Albuquerque (556 [32]), Las Cruces (101 [286]), Rio Rancho (88 [329]), Santa Fe (67 [487]), Roswell (48)
      • New York: New York (8406 [1]), Buffalo (259 [73]), Rochester (210 [103]), Yonkers (200 [115]), Syracuse (145 [177]). Albany* (98 [299]) is 6th.
      • North Carolina: Charlotte (793 [16]), Raleigh* (432 [43]), Greensboro (280 [68]), Durham (245 [82]), Winston-Salem (236 [86])
      • North Dakota: Fargo (114 [237]), Bismarck* (67 [510]), Grand Forks (55 [665]), Minot (46), West Fargo (30)
      • Ohio: Columbus* (823 [15]), Cleveland (390 [48]), Cincinnati (298 [65]), Toledo (282 [67]), Akron (198 [116])
      • Oklahoma: Oklahoma City* (611 [27]), Tulsa (398 [47]), Norman (118 [225]), Broken Arrow (104 [278]), Lawton (97 [304])
      • Oregon: Portland (609 [29]), Salem (161 [152]), Eugene (159 [155]), Gresham (109 [254]), Hillsboro (92 [303])
      • Pennsylvania: Philadelphia (1553 [5]), Pittsburgh (306 [62]), Allentown (119 [224]), Erie (101 [291]), Reading (88 [353]). Harrisburg* (49) is 9th.
      • Rhode Island: Providence* (178 [134]), Warwick (82 [394]), Cranston (81 [405]), Pawtucket (71 [473]), East Providence (47)
      • South Carolina: Columbia* (133 [192]), Charleston (128 [200]), North Charleston (104 [277]), Mount Pleasant (75 [446]), Rock Hill (69 [492])
      • South Dakota: Sioux Falls (165 [147]), Rapid City (71 [479]), Aberdeen (27), Brookings (23), Watertown (22). Pierre* (14) is 8th.
      • Tennessee: Memphis (653 [20]), Nashville* (634 [25]), Knoxville (183 [128]), Chattanooga (173 [136]), Clarksville (142 [181])
      • Texas: Houston (2196 [4]), San Antonio (1409 [7]), Dallas (1258 [9]), Austin* (885 [11]), Fort Worth (793 [17]), El Paso (674 [19]), Arlington (380 [50]), Corpus Christi (316 [60]), Plano (274 [70]), Laredo (248 [80]), Lubbock (240 [84]), Garland (235 [88]), Irving (229 [94])
      • Utah: Salt Lake City* (191 [124]), West Valley City (134 [191]), Provo (116 [233]), West Jordan (110 [250]), Orem (92 [332])
      • Virginia: Virginia Beach (448 [39]), Norfolk (246 [81]), Chesapeake (231 [91]), Richmond* (214 [99]), Newport News (182 [130])
      • Washington: Seattle (652 [21]), Spokane (211 [102]), Tacoma (203 [107]), Vancouver (167 [145]), Bellevue (134 [190]). Olympia* (48) is 24th.
      • Wisconsin: Milwaukee (599 [31]), Madison* (243 [83]), Green Bay (105 [272]), Kenosha (99 [294]), Racine (78 [421])
      • Wyoming: Cheyenne* (62 [558]), Casper (60 [599]), Laramie (32), Gillete (32), Rock Springs (24)
  • South America
    • Argentina: Buenos Aires* (10000), Cordoba (1000), Rosario (900), Mendoza (600), Tucuman (500)
    • Brazil: Rio de Janeiro (6320), Salvador (2675), Brasilia* (2481), Manaus (1793), Curitiba (1752), Belo Horizonte (1433), Porto Alegre (1409), Goiania (1296)
    • Chile: Santiago* (6149), Puente Alto (768), Antofagasta (381), San Bernardo (307), Vina del Mar (290)
    • Colombia: Bogota* (5000), Medellin (1500), Cali (1500), Barranquilla (800), Cartagena (600)
    • Ecuador: Guayaquil (2279), Quito* (1608), Cuenca (330), Santa Elena (271), Machala (231)
    • Falkland Islands: Stanley* (2)
    • French Guiana: Cayenne* (58)
    • Guyana: Georgetown* (134)
    • Paraguay: Asuncion* (519), Luque (291), San Lorenzo (288), Ciudad del Este (280), Capiata (209)
    • Peru: Lima* (9437), Arequipa (844), Trujillo (765), Chiclayo (583), Piura (418)
    • Suriname: Paramaribo* (200)
    • Uruguay: Montevideo* (1338)
    • Venezuela: Caracas* (2104), Maracaibo (1339), Barquisimento (1001), Valencia (918), Ciudad Guayana (850)
  • Asia
    • Afghanistan: Kabul* (3289), Herat (436), Kandhar (398), Balkh (368), Nngarhar (207)
    • Armenia: Yerevan* (1060), Gyumri (122)
    • Azerbaijan: Baku* (2078), Ganja (315), Sumgayit (313)
    • Bahrain: Manama* (177)
    • Bangladesh: Dhaka* (5000), Chittagong (1500), Khulna (600), Rajshahi (300), Tongi (200)
    • Bhutan: Thimphu* (60)
    • Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan* (27)
    • Cambodia: Phnom Penh* (1571), Bat Dambang (1126), Seam Reab (1000)
    • China: Shanghai (22265), Beijing (19295), Tianjin (11090), Guangzhou (11070), Shenzhen (10358), Wuhan (9781), Dongguan (8220), Chengdu (7677), Chongqing (7458), Nanjing (7166), Hong Kong (7055), Xian (6501), Shenyang (6256), Hangzhou (6242), Suzhou (5349), Qingdao (4587), Harbin (4518), Jinan (4336), Zhengzhou (4254), Dalian (4088), Kunming (3583), Wuxi (3542), Xiamen (3531), Changchun (3530), Ningbo (3492), Nanning (3437), Taiyuan (3427), Hefei (3352), Changzhou (3291), Tangshan (3187), Changsha (3094), Xuzhou (3054), Wenzhou (3040), Guiyang (3037), Urumqi (3029), Zibo (2980), Fuzhou (2922), Shijiazhuang (2862), Huaian (2633), Linyi (2600), Lanzhou (2492), Yangzhou (2399), Nanchang (2358), Huizhou (2345), Nantong (2273), Xiangyang (2200), Zaozhuang (2125), Baotou (2071), Haikou (2046), Yiwu (2038), Hohhot (1981), Jilin (1976), Putian (1954), Luoyang (1926), Taizhou (1903), Yantai (1871), Nanchong (1859), Jiangmen (1823), Nanyang (1812), Luan (1779), Fuyang (1769), Datong (1738), Taian (1736), Huainan (1667), Daqing (1650), Suzhou (1648), Yancheng (1616), Zhanjiang (1612), Tengzhou (1604), Jiangyin (1594), Zhuhai (1560), Anshan (1544), Weifang (1522), Guigang (1494), Qiqihar (1482), Dengzhou (1468), Cixi (1462), Changde (1459 ), Pizhou (1458), Baoji (1438), Suqian (1438), Liuzhou (1437), Taizhou (1418), Yichang (1411), Bozhou (1409), Quanzhou (1398), Wenling (1367), Zigong (1362), Fushun (1357), Mianyang (1355), Shantou (1347), Heze (1347), Chifeng (1334), Wuhu (1307), Laiwu (1299), Haicheng (1294), Yinchuan (1290), Rugao (1267), Neijiang (1251), Zhangjiagang (1248), Yixing (1235), Fuqing (1235), Yueyang (1232), Xinyang (1230), Liaocheng (1230), Maoming (1218), Jiaxing (1202), Zhenjiang (1200), Xining (1198), Tianshui (1197), Huazhou (1179), Dingzhou (1165), Zhuji (1158), Baoding (1158), Jingzhou *1154), Anyang (1147), Rizhao (1143), Shouguang (1139), Hengyang (1135), Yuzhou (1132), Bazhong (1127), Zoucheng (1117), Jining (1115), Huaibei (1113), Zunyi (1095), Benxi (1094), Jinzhou (1092), Zhucheng (1086), Jinhua (1077), Taixing (1074), Zhangqiu (1064), Zhuzhou (1055), Lianyungang (1050), Ezhou (1049), Xinxinag (1047), Pingdingshan (1034), Yingkou (1032), Qinhuangdao (1030), Linhai (1029), Wuwei (1010), Hezhou (1006), Zaoyang (1005), Xiangcheng (1004).
      • WHY did I think that was a good idea (to type it out. it was a good idea to increase the word count.) (I make no political statements about Taiwan, Hong Kong, etc. I just use the UN’s designations and stuff.)
    • China Macao: Macao* (568)
    • Cyprus: Nicosia* (200), Limassol (150)
    • DPRK (North Korea): Pyongyang* (2581), Chongjin (615), Hamhung (614), Sinuiju (334), Wonsan (328)
    • Georgia: Tblisi* (1173), Kutaisi (197), Batumi (126), Rustavi (123)
    • India: Mumbai (11978), Delhi (9879), Kolkata (4573), Chennai (4344), Bangalore (4031), Hyderabad (3637), Ahmedabad (3520), Kanpur (2551), Pune (2538), Surat (2434), Jaipur (2323), Lucknow (2186), Nagpur (2052), Indore (1475), Bhopal (1437), Ludhiana (1398), Patna (1366), Vadodara (1306), Agra (1275), Thane (1263), Kalyan (1194), Varanasi (1092), Nashik (1077), Meerut (1069), Faridabad (1056), Pimpri Chinchwad (1012), Haora (1008) (Apparently the city proper of New Delhi* (300) is pretty small. It’s ranked around 180th.)
    • Indonesia: Jakarta* (9608), Surabaya (2765), Bandung (2395), Medan (2098), Tangerang (1799), Semarang (1556), Palembang (1455), Makasar (1339)
    • Iran: Tehran* (6000), Esfahan (3000),  Mashhad (2000), Karaj (1200), Tabriz (1000), Shiraz (1000), Qom (800)
    • Israel: Jerusalem* (796), Tel Aviv (405), Haifa (269), Roshn Leziyyon (232), Ashdod (211)
    • Japan: Toyo* (8946), Yokohama (3689), Osaka (2665), Nagoya (2264), Sapporo (1914), Kobe (1544), Kyoto (1474), Fukuoka (1464), Kawasaki (1426), Saitama (1222), Hiroshima (1174), Sendai (1046)
    • Jordan: Amman* (2259), Zarqa (492), Irbid (307), Russiefa (283), Aqaba (109)
    • Kazakhstan: Almaty (1365), Astana* (639), Shimkent (567), Karaganda (465), Taraz (3470
    • Kuwait: Kuwait City* (637), Jaleeb Al-Shuykh (220), Salmiya (177), Hawalli (127), South Kheetan (113), Farwanyiah (102)
    • Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek* (871), Osh (232)
    • Laos: Vientiane* (600)
    • Lebanon: Beirut* (361)
    • Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur* (1645), Johor Bahru (557), Ipoh (505), Klang (376), Kuantan (353)
    • Maldives: Male* (117)
    • Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar* (800), Hovsgol (114), Ovorhangay (100)
    • Nepal: Kathmandu* (1003), Pokhara (265), Lalitpur (227), Biratnagar (205), Bharatpur (148)
    • Oman: Muscat* (1200), As Seeb (223), Salalah (157), Mutrah (154), Bawshar (150)
    • Pakistan: Karachi (9339), Lahore (5143), Faisalabad (2009), Rawalpindi (1410), Multan (1197), Hyderabad (1167), Gujranwala (1133). Islamabad* (529) is approximately 10th.
    • Philippines: Quezon City (2762), Manila* (1652), Kalookan (1489),  Davao (1449), Cebu (866)
    • Qatar: Doha* (797), Al-Rayyan (456), Al-Khoor (194), Al-Wakrah (141)
    • RoK (South Korea): Seoul* (10039), Busan (3421), Incheon (2675), Daegu (2418), Daejeon (1524), Gwangju (1451), Ulsan (1097)
    • Saudi Arabia: Riyadh* (4087), Jiddah (2801), Makkah (1294), Al-Madinah (919), Ad-Dammam (744)
    • Singapore: Singapore* (5312)
    • Sri Lanka: Colombo* (647), Dehiwala (211), Moratuwa (177), Negombo (122), Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte (116)
    • Palestine State: Gaza (516), Hebron (189), Khan Yuis (164), Jabalya (147), Rafah (142)
    • Syria: Aleppo (4450), Damscus* (1680), Homs (1667), Hama (1508), Al-Hasakeh (1392), Idleb (1376)
    • Tajikistan: Dushanbe* (740)
    • Thailand: Bangkok* (6000), Chon Buri (800), Samut Prakan (800), Chiang Mai (600), Songkhla (600)
    • Timor-Leste: Dili* (194)
    • Turkey: Istanbul (10822), Ankara* (3953), Izmir (2584), Bursa (1597), Afyon (1488), Adana (1252), Gaziantep (1024)
    • United Arab Emirates: Dubai (1089), Abu Dhabi* (527), Al-Sharjah (488), Al-Ayn (328), Ajman (205)
    • Uzbekistan: Tashkent* (2137), Namangan (391), Samarkand (361), Andizhan (338), Bukhara (237)
    • Yemen: Sanaa* (1976), Adan (684)
  • Europe
    • Aland Islands: Mariehamn* (11)
    • Albania: Tirana* (421), Durres (116)
    • Andorra: Andorra la Vella* (22)
    • Austria: Vienna* (1731), Graz (265), Linz (191), Salzburg (149), Innsbruck (121)
    • Belarus: Minsk* (1875), Gomel (504), Vitebsk (364), Mogilev (362), Grodno (342)
    • Belgium: Antwerp (480), Ghent (242), Charleroi (202), Liege (192), Brussels* (156)
    • Bulgaria: Sofia* (1203), Plovdiv (338), Varna (335), Burgas (200), Ruse (150)
    • Croatia: Zagreb* (779), Split (189), Rijeka (144), Soijek (115)
    • Czech Republic: Prague* (1242), Brno (379), Ostrava (300), Plzen (167), Liberec (102)
    • Denmark: Copenhagen* (552), Arhus (315), Alborg (201), Odense (192), Esbjerg (115)
    • Estonia: Tallinn* (401), Tartu (104)
    • Faroe Islands: Thorshavn* (18)
    • Finland: Helsinki* (592), Espoo (250), Tampere (214), Vantaa (212), Turku (178)
    • France {200+}: Paris* (2234), Marseille (851), Lyon (479), Toulouse (440), Nice (341), Nantes (282), Strasbourg (272), Montpellier (255), Bordeaux (237), Lille (227), Rennes (207)
    • Germany {500+}: Berlin* (3502), Hamburg (1799), Munich (1378), Cologne (1017), Frankfurt (692), Stuttgart (613), Essen (592), Dortmund (581), Bremen (548), Leipzig (531), Dresden (530), Hannover (526), Nurnberg (511)
    • Gibraltar: Gibraltar* (29)
    • Greece: Athens* (789), Thessalonica (385), Pireas (182), Patrai (169), Pesterion (147)
    • Guernsey: St. Peter Port* (16)
    • Holy See: Vatican City* (798 people)
    • Hungary: Budapest* (1737), Debrecen (208), Szeged (170), Miskolc (167), Pecs (157)
    • Iceland: Reykjavik* (119)
    • Ireland: Dublin* (528), Cork (119)
    • Isle of Man: Douglas* (26)
    • Italy {200+}: Rome* (2772), Milan (1334), Naples (958), Torino (907), Palermo (655), Genova (607), Bologna (381), Florence (372), Bari (320), Catania (292), Venice (271), Verona (264), Messina (242), Padova (214), Trieste (205)
    • Jersey: St. Helier* (28)
    • Latvia: Riga* (703), Daugavpils (103)
    • Liechtenstein: Vaduz* (5)
    • Lithuania: Vilnius* (542), Kaunas (379), Klaipeda (193), Shauliai (134), Panevezhis (120)
    • Luxembourg: Luxembourg* (100)
    • Malta: Valletta* (6)
    • Monaco: Monaco* (32)
    • Montenegro: Podgorica* (181)
    • Netherlands: Amsterdam* (780), Rotterdam (610), The Hague (495), Utrecht (311), Eindhoven (216), Tilburg (206)
    • Norway: Oslo* (606), Bergen (262), Trondheim (175), Stavanger (127)
    • Poland: Warsaw* (1703), Krakow (758), Lodz (728), Wroclaw (631), Poznan (554)
    • Portugal: Lisbon* (548), Porto (237), Amadora (175)
    • Moldova: Chisinau* (665), Balti (144)
    • Romania: Bucharest* (1919), Timisoara (308), Iasi (303), Cluj (302), Constanta (300)
    • Russia: Moscow* (11577), St. Petersburg (4926), Novosibirsk (1487), Yekaterinburg (1365), Nizhny Novgorod (1254), Samara (1168), Omsk (1155), Kazan (1153), Chelyabinsk (1137), Rostov-na-Donu (1094), Ufa (1069), Volgograd (1020)
    • San Marino: San Marino* (4)
    • Serbia: Belgrade* (1347), Novi Sad (265), Nis (183), Kragujevac (147), Subotica (106)
    • Slovakia: Bratislava* (411), Kosice (240)
    • Slovenia: Ljubljana* (272), Maribor (95)
    • Spain {400+}: Madrid* (3199), Barcelona (1611), Valencia (792), Seville (698), Zaragoza (678), Malaga (561), Murcia (438), Palma (402)
    • Sweden: Stockholm* (789), Goteborg (491), Malmo (279), Uppsala (186), Linkoping (139)
    • Switzerland: Zurich (375), Geneva (188), Bale (163), Lausanne (129), Bern* (125)
    • Macedonia: Skopje* (531)
    • Ukraine: Kiev* (2773), Kharkov (1422), Odessa (990), Dnepropetrovsk (989), Donetsk (946)
    • United Kingdom {500+}: London* (8278), West Midlands [= Birmingham] (2284), Manchester (2245), West Yorkshire [= Leeds] (1499), Tyneside [= Newcastle] (880), Liverpool (816), Nottingham (666), Sheffield (640), Glasgow (578), Bristol (551)
  • Oceania
    • American Samoa: Pago Pago* (4)
    • Australia: Sydney (4029), Melbourne (3848), Brisbane (1977), Perth (1671), Adelaide (1198), Gold Coast (557), Newcastle (360), Canberra* (357)
    • Cook Islands: Rarotonga* (12)
    • Fiji: Suva* (77)
    • French Polynesia: Papeete* (26)
    • Guam: Agana* (1)
    • Kiribati: Tarawa* (40)
    • Marshall Islands: Majuro* (24)
    • Micronesia: Palikir* (6)
    • New Caledonia: Noumea* (76)
    • New Zealand: Auckland (1508), Christchurch (376), Wellington* (202), Hamilton (148), Dunedin (127), Napier-Hastings (120), Tauranga (116), Lower Hutt (103)
    • Niue: Alofi* (615 people)
    • Norfolk Island: Kingston* (800 people)
    • Northern Mariana Islands: Garapan* (4)
    • Palau: Koror* (11)
    • Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby* (254)
    • Pitcairn: Adamstown (48 people)
    • Samoa: Apia* (39)
    • Solomon Islands: Honiara* (49)
    • Tonga: Nuku’Alofa* (22)
    • Tuvalu: Funafuti* (4)
    • Vanuatu: Port Vila* (29)
    • Wallis and Futuna: Meta-Utu* (1)


Songs in CometCaltropics are pretty good.

Good songs: Carbon Based Lifeforms – Photosynthesis, Bluetech – Elementary (has a FTL feel to it), Vibrasphere – Breathing Place (yay Vibrasphere!)

League facts

  • Kalista ult does not break channel
  • Her % health damage on E doesn’t cap with jungle creeps either.


Word Count: 29284, Nanowrimo Target: 33333, MFx5 Target: 31120

Short TIL today. I hope we can catch up tomorrow…

Chinese train design where the train itself doesn’t stop at each station. Fairly serious problem that I see: how are you going to be able to move between non-adjacent stations? It would be hard to have both the sliding train compartment as well as be able to connect with the train below it. There’s also some issues with safety, of course.This is one of those ideas that looks cool at first but then you see some glaring flaws.

France is not the most militarily inept army! At Casemate du Pont Saint Louis, 9 French soldiers held off an army of 5000 Italians, with zero French casualties (they ended up being imprisoned however) whereas the Italians lost 200 or so.

There is a secret message in both the Unhinged and Unglued Magic decks, as well as a secrete Limerick.


Break 28k and 29k.

Yes, I was going to do an article on the Crusades, but that’ll happen later.

Today we will learn about a lot of words.

  1. The term “smart aleck” possibly comes from a guy called Aleck Hoag, who was a 19th century con man. It can rarely be used to describe a well-dressed person.
  2. A marabou is a large wading bird native to Africa, not dissimilar to a stork. It was also used as a term for someone who had 5/8th black ancestry.
  3. The Italian word “impersonante” (yes, impersonate) anagrams to “ripensamento” (second thoughts or a change of mind), “sperimentano” (to experiment), “sperontameni” (rammings, i.e. collisions), and “stempieranno”. (losing one’s hair on the forehead)
  4. A ubiquitist (more commonly a ubiquitarian) is a Lutheran who believes that Christ is everywhere at all times.
  5. Using the CSW12 wordlist, which should be more inclusive than OWL, there are two anagram clusters of 13 (AELST: least, leats, salet, setal, slate, stale, steal, stela, taels, tales, teals, tesla / AEPRS: apers, apres, asper, pares, parse, prase, presa, rapes, reaps, spaer, spare, spear), and two anagram clusters of 12 (AERST: arets, aster, earst, rates, reast, resat, stare, stear, strae, tares, taser, tears, teras / AELRST: alerts, alters, artels, estral, laster, ratels, salter, slater, staler, stelar, talers, tarsel) (the words are whited out if you want to test your Scrabble finesse)
    1. There are four clusters of 11, and these start getting more interesting because the words are longer. Try them if you want! (AEGINRST: angriest, angstier, astringe, ganister, gantries, granites, ingrates, rangiest, reasting, stearing, tasering / AEGINST: easting, eatings, gainest, genista, ingates, ingesta, seating, tagines, tangies, teasing, tsigane / AEINRST: anestri, antsier, nastier, ratines, resiant, retains, retinas, retsina, stainer, starnie / AELPST: palest, palets, pastel, peltas, petals, plaste, plates, pleats, septal, staple, tepals)
    2. There are three groups of 10, and a whopping 22 groups of 9. I think a good set of 9:  ADEIRST (aridest, asterid, astride, diaster, disrate, staider, staired, tardies, tirades)
    3. Length 8+ groups of 8: (ACEINRST: canister, carniest, ceratins, cisterna, creatins, nacrites, scantier, tacrines / AEEGNRST: estrange, grantees, greatens, negaters, reagents, segreant, sergeant, sternage / AEGILNRS: aligners, engrails, nargiles, realigns, salering, sanglier, signaler, slangier / AEILNRST: entrails, larniest, latrines, ratlines, reinstal, retinals, slantier, trenails / DEIOPRST: diopters, dioptres, dipteros, peridots, portside, proteids, riposted, topsider) (I thought AEEGNRST was particularly good)
    4. Length 8+ groups of 7: (AEGILNRT: alerting, altering, integral, relating, tanglier, teraglin, triangle / AEINORST: anoestri, arsonite, notaires, notaries, notarise, rosinate, senorita / AEINRSST: artiness, resiants, retsinas, snariest, stainers, starnies, stearins / EIOPRSST: periosts, prosiest, prosties, reposits, ripostes, sporties, triposes)
    5. Length 9+ groups of 6: (ACEEINRST: centinares, cisternae, creatines, encraties, iterances, nectaries / ACEIIMNORST: anisometric, creationism, miscreation, reactionism, romanicites, romanticise) The latter group is length 11 !
    6. Length 10+ groups of 5: (ACEINORSTU: cautioners, cointreaus, noctuaries, recautions, recusation / AEIILMNORST: eliminators, misrelation, normalities, orientalism, relationism / EGINOPRSTT: potterings, pottingers, protestings, repottings, respotting)
    7. Length 11+ groups of 4: (gramophonically, monographically, nomographically, phonogramically (as well as removing ally), a group of 5 minus one plus S, (nephrologies, phrenologies, phrenologise, pigeonholers), (deligations, digestional, gadolinites, gelatinoids))
  6. (Incidentally, the following words I didn’t know before that come from looking up anagrams. Thus, almost all of them have fairly common anagrams, try to find them if you feel like it!)
  7. A stoccata (not to be confused by staccato (oops, I gave it away), the musical term) is a thrust with a rapier.
  8. alethic: pertaining to the possibility of being true
  9. scutate: shaped like a shield
  10. asperge: to sprinkle
  11. cathexis: a charge of mental energy
  12. selecta: a disk jockey
  13. escalope: a thin slice of meat
  14. anoesis: feeling without understanding
  15. claque: a hired group of professional applauders.
  16. cremona: an early woodwind instrument
  17. acerous: needle-shaped
  18. flacon: a scent bottle
  19. ultraist: an advocate of extreme measures
  20. parotitic: relating to mumps
  21. atticism: concise and elegant expression
  22. acrotism: a lack of a pulse
  23. urticant: a substance that induces stinging or itching
  24. irredenta: a region that is ethnically or historically one country but is owned by another.
  25. sandiver: scum that forms on molten glass
  26. diurnalist: a journalist
  27. talion: retribution
  28. concetto: affected wit, conceit
  29. scoria: highly porous volcanic rock; however in contrast to pumice, has a specific gravity of over 1 and sinks in water.
  30. catachresis: a semantic misuse or error.
  31. escot: to pay for, to maintain
  32. helicon: a brass tuba
  33. sthenic: excessive energy
  34. trice: to haul up with a rope. (also, a short amount of time e.g. “in a trice”)
  35. phycology (not psychology): the study of algae.
  36. coniology: the study of atmospheric dust.
  37. forefend: to defend
  38. sdeigne: to disdain
  39. emend: to correct or improve a text
  40. testern: to present with a sixpence
  41. fendy: thrifty
  42. esloin / eloin / eloign: to remove to a distance
  43. fulmine: to explode
  44. dirigism / dirigisme: a capitalist economy where the government is a strong directive influence
  45. inure: to get used to something undesireable
  46. indite: (not indict) to write, to compose
  47. postil: a marginal note (in a Bible); a sermon; to annotate (a Bible)
  48. immure: to enclose within walls
  49. morendo: fading away in tone or tempo
  50. nidify: to nest
  51. dispone: to make a legal transfer
  52. solidism: a doctrine on disease
  53. dulosis: enslavement by an insect
  54. motherese: child directed speech
  55. neoterize: to coin new words, to innovate
  56. pentimenti: an underlying image in a painting (e.g. a draft) that usually shows up when the outer layer of paint becomes transparent with age
  57. xenotime: yttrium phosphate
  58. renitent: resisting physical presure
  59. nephology (not nephrology, the study of kidneys): the study of clouds
  60. isonome: a line where species are equally abundant
  61. repositor: an instrument that replaces an organ
  62. neuston: an aggregate of small aquatic organisms
  63. flite: to quarrel
  64. joist: to support with beams
  65. ionium: an isotope of Thorium (230)
  66. musmon: a wild sheep


Some facts from Wikipedia and stuff

  1. There used to be an associated script-writing challenge with Nanowrimo called Script Frenzy that was canceled in 2012 due to declining participation.
  2. The “Paralympics” comes from “parallel olympics”.
  3. Another name for the Marmara genus of moths is Aesyle.
  4. Ranch dressing was created in the early 1950’s by a plumbing contractor, who later opened up a tourism ranch (hence the name) and the sauce became very popular and eventually he built a factory which was eventually bought out by Kraft foods.
  5. The Alaskan road network is also called the Alaskan bush.
  6. A dude ranch is a tourism ranch.
  7. From 11-17: Erich Hartmann was nicknamed the “Black Devil” or “Bubi”. The “Red Baron” was Manfred von Richthofen, who was indeed the top flying ace of his war, but the war was World War I and not World War II. He also died in war.
  8. There is a Dome A, a Dome C, and a Dome F in Antarctica, but none of the intervening letters.
  9. An Ultra is a peak with a topographical prominence of over 1500 meters. Topographical prominence is basically the minimum amount of altitude that you need to go down in order to get to a higher peak. (Note that for the highest points of a contiguous region, there is no higher peak, so the prominence of the peak is just the altitude of the peak.)
  10. This makes the col (or the minimum altitude as specified by the definition of the prominence) of some very disconnected peaks quite silly. For instance, Mount McKinley’s col is 26 meters (connected to Aconcagua) and Mount Kilimanjaro’s col is 10 meters (connected to Everest). There are also two definitions of a mountain parent: the prominence parent is basically found by taking every mountain with greater prominence and calculating the col from each one, while the encirclement parent lowers the contour line until it reaches a region “dominated” by a mountain, which can give nonintuitive results; for instance, a mountain in Oman’s encirclement parent is Everest, while its prominence parent is more logically in Yemen.

Today’s longform will be about Minor Planet designations.

First, easy stuff that I can clear without doing copious amounts of research!

Minor Planet Designations and Mythology

Roman Pantheon: 1 Ceres, 3 Juno, 4 Vesta, 8 Flora

Greek Pantheon: 2 Pallas, 5 Astraea, 6 Hebe, 7 Iris

Out of the Dodekatheon, the female goddesses were Hera, Demeter, Athena, Artemis, Aphrodite, and Hestia.

Demeter is 1 Ceres

Hera is 3 Juno and 103 Hera

Athena is 2 Pallas, 93 Minerva, and 881 Athene

Artemis is 78 Diana, 105 Artemis, and 395 Delia

Aphrodite is 1388 Aphrodite (Venus being a planet)

Hestia is 4 Vesta and 46 Hestia.

There are other collections of mythological beings. For example, the 9 Muses:

18 Melpomene, 22 Kalliope, 23 Thalia, 27 Euterpe, 30 Urania, 33 Polyhymnia, 56 Melete, 62 Erato, 81 Terpsichore, 83 Klio… wait aren’t there 9 Muses? Wrong! In fact, there were three Boeotian* Muses before the nine Greek Muses: Melete, Aoide, and Mneme. (Meditation, Song, and Memory, respectively). In fact this was expanded to five before becoming the nine modern Muses.

But of the rest, they were the Muses of Tragedy, Epic Poetry, C0medy, Elegiac Poetry, Astronomy, Hyms, Lyric Poetry, Dance, and History.

The three Fates also have their mark here: 97 Klotho, 120 Lachesis, and 273 Atropos.

The seven Pleiades are also here: 66 Maja, 130 Elektra, 233 Asterope… ok maybe not all of them. I might have better luck with Jupiter’s moons. (Or let’s be fair, they are after all the seven sisters that make up the Pleiades the star system.) Just to list the rest: Alcyone, Taygete, Celaeno and Merope.

There are other collections of mythological beings but they are a lot more disperesed. For example, the Hyads, or the nymphs that bring rain: 158 Koronis, 193 Ambrosia, 217 Eudora, 308 Polyxo, and 322 Phaeo (indeed, the Hyades are another star collection, also in the Tauri system)

Actually, Greek mythology is somewhat headache-inducing when you try to keep track of what gods go where.

*How does spellcheck accept Boeotian? Really now.

League fact: Sion can grind along a curved wall to bypass his slow turn radius.


At the end of today: Actual: 27141 (Break 25k, 26k, 27k) NNWM Target: 28333. MFx5 Target: 28655

Not bad, considering we have a LOT to make up for.

Why does the Tractors wiki have the first picture of Antarctic claims?

Diapsids had two openings on each side in the skulls; anapsids have none, and synapsids have one. Euryapsids also have one, but the hole is on the top, in contrast to synapsids who have the hole on the bottom. You can think of diapsids as having the holes that either euryapsids and synapsids have. Hey look, the openings are called fenestra (see 11-09-14)

Examples of each:

anapsids: turtles, tortoises, terrapins. Distinctions: turtles are typically sea creatures, tortoises are on land, and terrapins are edible.

synapsids: mammals, early dinosaurs

diapsids: birds, lizards, snakes, modern dinosaurs, etc.

euryapsids: marine dinosaurs

The evolution path seems to be anapsids -> synapsids -> diapsids -> euryapsids, with the euryapsids losing the original temporal fenestra gained by the synapsids.

Random Short Facts instead of the really huge narratives that I wrote in previous TIL’s. Probably a worse strategy for maximizing wordcount but it’s probably more TIL-ey. Yeah, yeah, I random articled a few times. A few being a few hundred times. I swear, there are SO MANY FOOTBALLERS.

  1. Tuataras are lizards endemic to New Zealand, and resemble the earliest diapsids.
  2. The Luxembourg Space Agency is called Luxinnovation.
  3. Australian football exists and is distinct from Soccer. It appears that it and American football probably descended from rugby.
  4. The Rennsteig tunnel is the longest road tunnel in Germany at 7900 meters.
  5. The German chancellor before Merkel was Gerhard Schroder (after Helmut Kohl).
  6. There are about five movies named “The Candidate”.
  7. There are also about five movies named “Nowhere to Hide”.
  8. The November Project is a free public exercise group that used to be coordinated over Google Docs.
  9. Takashi Aoyagi voices the Japanese Mickey Mouse for Disney as a side job (now that I think of it, Mickey Mouse doesn’t actually appear all too often in Disney productions anymore; with the console gaming craze especially in Japan, his role is mostly for dubbing Japanese Kingdom Hearts games); his main job is as a professor at a university.
  10. At 8 years, Arthur Levitt was the longest serving chairman of the Security and Exchanges Comission (SEC).
  11. Task parallelism vs Data parallelism: different paradigms of parallelization
  12. Seriously, Crusaders? You’re supposed to attack the Muslim-controlled Jerusalem and instead you go ahead and sack the Byzantine Constantinople instead… Hang on, why were they on the other side of the Third Crusade in the first place? Mental note to write a long narrative later…
  13. Administrative divisions in France: Regions are the largest; there are 27 of them, which are split up into 101 departments, which are split up into 342 arrondissements, which are split up into cantons, which are usually collections of communes (but since cantons are supposed to be roughly equal in size, some communes (e.g. Paris) are big and are composed of multiple cantons). The smallest commune is Rochefourchat, with a permanent population of 1. (Take that, Loving County!)
  14. Macau calls its administrative divisions in Portuguese.
  15. Subdivisions of counties in Commonwealth countries used to be called “ridings”.
  16. The Guang people are not from China (or even remotely related). They are from Ghana and Togo.
  17. The USA has not gotten worse than third at a Summer Olympics. (Its thirds were in 1976 Montreal and 1984 Tokyo – both times it was beaten by the Soviet Union and East Germany. Germany has not since bested second since the end of the split. (It did win first before, but that was before WWII))
  18. There is no such thing as a Discovery Kids channel in the US, UK, or Canada. It still persists elsewhere though. Discovery Kids turned into Discovery Family in the US, and into Discovery Turbo in the UK. Canada replaced theirs with Nickelodeon.
  19. Nickelodeon was originally named Pinwheel to showcase the QUBE cable television system with things like pay-per-view, special-interest television networks, and interactive services. (Also, MTV.) The system as a whole ended up being a commercial failure but these channels did fine. Nickelodeon’s etymology, of course, is “nickel”+”odeon” (a theater)
  20. Claxton, Georgia regards itself as the fruitcake capital of the world.
  21. fluvial: processes associated with rivers
  22. Brooks are smaller than creeks which are smaller than rivers.
  23. J. A. Henckels is a German knife manufacturer. Their logo is two people.
  24. There are a lot of trials of the century… in the last century. (The phrase “crime of the century” however seems to be a lot more fixated on the Lindbergh kidnapping, though.)
  25. The demand for Tom Clancy books exceeded his capacity to actually write them, so Clancy hired some ghostwriters to help balance out the load.
  26. The Camarillo White Horse is a rare white horse breed that has existed for less than 100 years (since 1921).
  27. The Moomins was a Polish childrens puppet stop motion television show.
  28. Arducopter is an open-source unmanned aerial vehicle platform based off the Arduino platform.
  29. There exists IPA Braille.
  30. Received Pronunciation is the standard accent to Standard British English. Only about 3% of Britain actually speaks in RP.
  31. Diphthongs are just gliding vowels in contrast to monophthongs which are pure vowel sounds. Likewise there are tripthongs, e.g. the RP hour or fire.
  32. A loir is a dormouse.
  33. The printer’s key is used to indicate which reprinting a book is currently at. The numbers are arranged such that the smallest numbers can always be “peeled” off.
  34. So you can make your own poetic form apparently: a demi-sonnet is a 7-line poem (a half of a sonnet, obviously) and was apparently created in 2009.
  35. Idem sonans: if your name is spelled but is reasonably close to the name (as well as being pronounced the same), it should still be presumed as the same. Yes, it’s a small technicality but that’s the law business for you.
  36. e^{-1/{x}^2} is considered to be the canonical Taylor series failure expression.
  37. Nerva was the first Roman Emperor who was elected by the Roman senate. Though he died two years later (due to natural causes, which was notably less exciting (in a good way) than his predecessors), he was considered one of the five good emperors by Machiavelli. He selected Trajan as his successor.
  38. “Random article” seems to give me a disproportionate number of football-related articles.
  39. Descartes believed that through cogito ergo sum you can show that the self (Cartesian Self) exists, but there is no way to bridge one consciousness to another (the Cartesian Other). This is known as the Wax Argument.
  40. A lot of times, in the military, you fill ranks of those higher than you before eventually getting a promotion yourself.
  41. Raita is an Indian condiment made out of yogurt.
  42. There are two Hillside Avenue Historic Districts: one in Massachusetts and one in New Jersey. Probably to show the architecture of the 19th century.
  43. Francesco Mancini can refer to two footballers, three painters, a composer, or a cardinal. Before you are wondering, no the footballers did not really meet (the older footballer was coaching by the time the younger one started to play, and they were from different clubs), the three painters probably didn’t meet either, and the only remotely plausible meetup would be the composer and the baroque painter, though even this is unlikely.
  44. The proportion of stars not contained within a galaxy (intergalactic stars) is unknown, ranging from 0.05% to 10% to about a half. How they come about is similarly unknown – either they occur as a result of two galaxies colliding into each other, or perhaps the galactic black hole ejects out some stars periodically.
  45. The Alcubierre drive is a plausible FTL drive created by warping space around it.
  46. There are apparently four different ways to create a linkback – a notification to the source website when one links to the source: a refback, a pingback, a trackback, and a webmention. The refback basically tracks who the referrer of inbound traffic is, but this requires someone to actually click on the link. Webmentions are similar to pingbacks but use HTML instead of pingbacks which use XML, and a trackback is more susceptible to spam. This type of spam is called a “sping”.
  47. There seems to be far more parties with representation in Algeria, such as the National Democratic Front, who, despite getting only 1.38% of the vote, got a seat in the parliament.
  48. Hanson Australia is a quarry and construction materials company. Despite the extremely short article length, they are not a stub.
  49. In Northern India, there was no form of written history back in the Iron Age, so the cultures there were named after the pottery left behind, with the Black and Red Ware Culture preceding the Painted Gray Ware Culture.
  50. Joseph A. Martin should also be a stub but it isn’t. He was the mayor of Detroit for two months.
  51. Despite this, his successor, John C. Lodge, who became mayor three nonconsecutive times, is a stub page.
  52. Sīlācāra was one of the first Westerners to become a Buddhist monk.
  53. The denonym of Comoros is Comorian.
  54. There are a lot of different editions of the Bible.
  55. Random Article just gave me something that isn’t an article: Mailpack
  56. The Combat Mission series of video games is a simultaneous execution turn based strategy game.
  57. The Inland Revenue Repeal Act of 1870 was repealed by the Statute Law Revision Act of 1950.
  58. The Inland Revenue was a department concerning taxes and stuff for the British Government, and was dissolved in 2005 when they merged with Her Majesty’s Customs and Excise to form Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs.
  59. HM is short for “Her/his majesty”
  60. RMS stands for “Royal mail ship”
  61. Generally, grapes cultivated for wine are different from grapes cultivated for eating.
  62. Feldspar in itself is not a mineral; it is a collection of minerals. Its name derives from “a field rock that does not contain ore”.
  63. The Uppsala University Library is called the Carolina Rediviva, or Carolina revived, because the old library (constructed sometime after 1477) succumbed to a fire and then was demolished due to decay.
  64. The Alley Oop refers to a basketball play as well as an American football play. It is also skateboarding, skating, and snowboarding trick. It comes from a comic book character named the same thing.
  65. The Puddefjord bridge is actually two nearly identical bridges constructed adjacent to each other: one in 1956 and the other in 1999.
  66. A tuya is a steep-sided, flat-topped volcano.
  67. The Sterile Cockpit rule forbids pilots from becoming distracted at altitudes less than 10,000 feet. Flying used to be a lot more involved and required constant attention until the Jet Age, when airplanes would be powered by jet engines rather than propellers in the 1960’s. This allowed pilots to become more distracted, which caused more accidents to happen. The Sterile Cockpit rule also applies to flight attendants.
  68. Tetrachlorodecaoxide is a strong oxidizing agent that can kill most pathogens (wouldn’t it kill good cells as well?), but its main purpose is to stimulate the immune system (immunomodulation).
  69. Hey look, it’s Schnappi the crocodile! I recall seeing some sort of video about the character.
  70. Braniff International Airlines tried three times and got bankrupted three times. This was in part due to the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 which removed government intervention on airlines and routes, so the bigger airlines prospered leaving the smaller airlines a fate condemned to either becoming subsidiary or going bankrupt.
  71. Phone touchscreens are way too easily activatable (I know that you want to add stylus support, but my clothing is NOT a stylus), and somehow I dialed the voicemail through subtle movements of my leg.
  72. Trophospheric scatter can be used to communicate using microwave radio signals at distances of over 300 kilometers.
  73. The first person to loop the loop five times in succession was Maurice Chevillard.
  74. Planes back then weren’t very powerful: in 1913 they were on 80 horsepower engines.
  75. Horsepower is an ambiguous measurement: there’s the mechanical horsepower of 745.7 watts, the metric horsepower of 735.5 watts, and the electric motor horsepower of 746 watts.
  76. And then there’s the boiler horsepower of 9809.5 watts.
  77. Notably, the metric horsepower doesn’t have a round number because 1) it’s 75 kilogram-force meters per second and 2) it takes in account Earth’s surface gravity.
  78. The Commonwealth games used to be called the British Empire Games. Yes, it’s basically the Olympics for a subset of the countries, and the UK can be split up into the smaller kingdoms.
  79. Angel investors used to fund theatrical productions (the term comes from Broadway)
  80. SAPO Codebits is a hackathon in Portugal. They have hackaton Wikipedia pages.
  81. They also have individual House elections as a page. For a single year. Unsurprisingly, Democrats got a big swing in Bush’s second term, and Republicans got it back in the Obama midterm elections.
  82. “Uganda Be Kidding Me” is a standup comedy routine.
  83. The record for shooting down enemy aircraft is Erich Hartmann, who shot down 352. (He served in the German Luftwaffe during World War II. 345 of them were Soviet airplanes and 7 were American.)
  84. If you’re extremely picky about the fact that biplanes are easier to handle and shoot down, the jet fighter record is 17, held by Giora Epstein.
  85. Muhammad Mahmood Alam shot down 5 airplanes in a minute.
  86. MicroRNA functions by regulating post-transcriptional gene expression.
  87. The only page that gets searched when you enter “User:” is “User:!!”, who is a user who apparently was banned due to sockpuppetry in 2007.
  88. The Pizza Theorem, and the Ham Sandwich Theorem.
  89. Circulant matrices are used for Fourier transforms.
  90. I have been rolling a large number of knife makers as well. For example, the Sabatier Aine & Perrier are the oldest remaining Sabatier knife maker left.
  91. William Simonds wrote under the pseudonym William Aimwell, where he wrote a book series known as the Aimwell Stories that detailed New England farmlife. He wrote the second book before the first, and he intended to write a series of 12 books, though he lived to tell only six of them. (A seventh one was completed posthumously.) He died rather young – 37.
  92. The Samoan General Elections of 1988 were somewhat unusual in that while the Human Rights Protection Party gained over twice as many votes as the Coalition of Christian Democratic Party and Va’ai Kolone Group, the Coalition gained one more parliamentary seat. Before 1988, only the Matai people and people of European descent could vote, and there were 45 Matai assembly spots, and two European assembly spots; this was lifted in a referendum passed before 1991. After 1991, elections no longer happened every three years, they happened every five years.
  93. Look, platonic hydrocarbons! I thought for about five seconds as to why icosahedrane doesn’t exist.
  94. Of the minor planets, the first nongoddess name is Metis, a titaness. The first non-big thing is Parthenope, a siren, and the first nymph is Psyche. I was going to say that Thetis was the first mortal minor planet (as the mother of Achilles) but of course, Achilles’ mother is a nymph. The first cities are Massalia and Lutetia (the Latin names for Marseilles and Paris respectively). The first mythological (mortal?) might be Atalanta. Helen’s mother Leda should be mortal, right? Well, still mythological. Finally, at 42, we have the first definitely 100% confirmed mortal, Isis, not after the Egyptian goddess, but after the daughter of the discoverer.
  95. Incidentally, that name comes not from the Egyptian goddess but from a river – the part of the Thames that passes through Oxford.
  96. The etymology of that river is not Egyptian either. It comes from the River Thame (not a misspelling) which is a tributary of the River Thames. Isis comes from the Latin name of the river, Thamesis, so the other part of the River Thames was the part that wasn’t River Thame, or in other words, Isis.
  97. Fine, if you wanted another mortal, try Eugenia, the mother of a particular Napoleon of France (not the famous Napoleon – Napoleon IV, who was tragically killed in a war, and dashing the hopes of restoring the Bonaparte dynasty). The first asteroid named after a male is 54 Alexandra. Didn’t I say male? Yes, that was supposed to be named after Alexander von Humboldt, but of course asteroids have to be feminine. (Later on there’s 162 Laurenta for Laurent and 187 Lamberta named for Lambert)
  98. For the Frozen fanatics: Yes, Elsa is an asteroid, 182. It’s not named after the Frozen princess – it originates from Richard Wagner’s opera Lohengrin. Other coincidences: Siri is at 332.
  99. I believe the first male name for an asteroid is Eros (433). There are several places that aren’t very feminine earlier (Chicago is 334, Thule is 279), and Unitas is at 306. Things that sound feminine: 268 Adorea is Roman cake.
  100. I think I’ll go ahead and compile a list of gods and their asteroids. Maybe tomorrow.

League Facts (since it would not be good to hide these under the guise of “Wikipedia random article” facts although the top is not exclusively Wikipedia random article facts)

  • Fiddlesticks drain goes through Fizz’s Playful Trickster.
  • The first bot gives the GG message at one Nexus % HP, and the second bot gives the GG message at slightly lower Nexus % HP. This can be seen by destroying the nexus very very slowly; the messages are not instantaneous one after another, there is an appreciable delay.


Perhaps TIL should be renamed to (M/W/F)IL. Since it grows substantially on those days. Or maybe (M/W/F)IR, (Tu/Th/Sa/Su)IL (R being researched) since I seem to be able to increase the size of the TIL appreciably more on those days.

As you can see, we’re behind again.

So apparently you CAN actually remove the “il” from illicit to create licit, a real word. (Which means exactly what you think you mean, legal.)


24k is probably broken today.

Hopefully we will be able to write some more TIL’s, though with BMmT that might not be the easiest thing to do.

For the future: remember to check your answers when writing an answer key. And the problems too.

Common terms that I should’ve known:

A bail bondsman is someone who bails someone out sort of as a guarantee that they will show up in court. If they fail to do so, the bondsman can become a bounty hunter. Or something like that. Apparently bounty hunting is illegal in most countries, but bail is not nearly as expensive. The bail bondsman job only really exists in the United States and Philippines (who used to be US’s territory. Yay Spanish-American war!) Bounty hunting is a frowned-upon term due to its negative historical context, and the term is specifically used to refer to tracking down people who have a criminal record. In contrast, skiptracing refers to tracking down people regardless of their criminal record.

A hickey is a bruise on the neck caused by kissing or sucking on the neck, causing blood to rise there.

Cards against Humanity is priced as 550 cards (460 white and 90 black – this is, at 18.2% composition, the lowest proportion of black cards out of any of them.) for $25. That’s 22 cards a dollar. Random notes:

All of its expansions are 100 cards (plus 12 blanks – 8 white and 4 black) for $10. The black card distribution has generally gone up over time, starting at 20 black cards in Expansion 1 and reaching 30 black cards in Expansion 4. They’re still 10 cards a dollar (I’m not sure if the blanks count inside the 100 cards or not, so you can either think of it as 11.2 cards a dollar, or 8.8 cards with actual content a dollar. Probably the former is correct.) The nostalgia pack is less cost-efficient at 30 cards (23 white and 7 black) for $5, for only 6 cards a dollar. The holiday packs have proceeds donated to charity so it’s understandable that the costs are higher. (30 cards for $10).

Ok, fine, there’s an even less cost-profitable method of gaining cards, the box, but its main utility is the box itself and not the cards. (For the curious: you get 50 blank cards (10 black and 40 white) as well as 20 box-themed cards.* (All white), as well as various other utilities for storing CAH cards.) This makes the white to black ratio of the contents the highest out of all of them.

Incidentally, there are some unlicensed expansions, none of which I knew previously (Of course I’ve heard of (and actually played) CAH.): for instance, there’s “Crabs Adjust Humidity”. They are more expensive than the official expansions: they cost $14 for 112 cards (80 white and 32 black – resulting in 28.6% blackness which is on the high end: at Expansion 4 levels), which amounts to 8 cards a dollar. Even if we’re only counting cards with actual printed content, official expansions beat this pricing by 2 cards a dollar. They also sell entirely blank decks at $7 for 56 (38 white and 18 black – an even higher proportion of black cards at a whopping 32.1% !) Sadly, even though they are ahead of the curve in introducing black cards, the price ratio is still the same.

*Yes, yes, there’s an additional secret card.

Old brick can cost more than new brick. Why would you buy old bricks? To blend in with an older house better if you’re replacing only some of the bricks.

Milk bags exist. I imagine extracting the milk out would be a bit inconvenient and hardly reusable.


Thanks to bending quite a few rules on what qualifies as a TIL, we have passed 21k, 22k, and 23k.

Once again, we fail to reach the wordcount. Time to work overtime today. It is not surprising that those are typically the days where I have classes. Although, 11-11 was Veteran’s day so there weren’t any classes… oh well this doesn’t really make any sense.

Cybernations fail: someone who is supposed to be at war with New Pacific Order (abbreviation NPO) declared three wars on New Polar Order (abbreviation NpO). You’d think that this is a newbie mistake, but no – the person who committed that has been playing since 2006. To add the cherry on the top, after he peaced with the NpO guys he then declared on someone in Fark.

Let’s have a Cybernations history lesson because I need to reach a quota somehow. (You can safely ignore this section.) As you could see by the names of the two alliances, they used to be very close together. In fact I think one guy, after having modernized NPO, decided to try to gain supremacy in another color sphere by creating NpO (NPO is red; NpO is blue.) So they worked with each other for quite some time, but later split off due to some sort of leader disagreement. NPO amassed quite a hegemon of alliances, actually: at one point there was a unilateral bloc of 14 alliances – perhaps the strongest non-neutral alliances around called the Continuum. But then it all changed.

It started with a few alliances leaving the bloc. In general, while the bloc existed, a lot of very brutal things happened to the opposition: forced decomissioning of military (including a nuclear warhead cap), effectively violating other alliances’ sovereignties, reparations, everything.

The Karma War was rather aptly named. After NPO and friends started their next campaign, the opposition decided that they had enough. So they brought out a bigger coalition. In the end, the largest reparations ever were exacted (about 350,000 tech and several billion dollars) on NPO, as well as other alliances.

Incidentally, the alliance that I’m in (IRON) received yet another beating by following another alliance (TOP) in the subsequent war, Bipolar. (I wasn’t playing Cybernations then.) I think what happened there was that NpO was finishing up a war with someone in the C&G bloc, and then TOP decided to chain in. But then later on NpO ended up turning against the TOP, and TOP and IRON and etc. lost.

But the interesting thing was that one alliance, Gramlins, would continue to dog IRON for an “unconditional surrender”. IRON obviously refused the offer (after all they were just following treaty obligations) but what followed would be extremely surprising.

IRON did have more members, true. But at the end of the defeat of the TOP-C&G war, while IRON had 16 score and 350 members, Gramlins had 14 score and 70 members – effectively having nations about four times as big. But it ended up being a war of attrition. Due to the way how war ranges work, you can’t simply overpower a weak nation with a really strong nation as you can only attack within a range of 50% score (or at the upper tiers, 500 ranks, but that didn’t come into play here). What basically happened was that IRON would just take the lowest ranks of Gramlins and beat them down, and repeat with slightly higher ranks, ad infinitum. Because of the way how nation growth works, it’s a lot cheaper to rebuild at lower levels, so it became a very costly endeavor for the Gramlins. They would soon lose most of their membership and while IRON would end the subwar at 24 score, Gramlins shrunk to 2 score. The war ended in White Peace. This also had the side-effect of delaying the enactment of the reparations by a few months, as well as extending the period of protection, allowing IRON to slide past the next war (PB-NpO).

I know, I’m grossly oversimplifying this ordeal since I wasn’t playing the game back then. I came in shortly before the revenge war from Bipolar – Byepolar. (Also known as the Grudge War.) And the rest is history.

Incidentally, there are quite a few pages on this Wikia: over 12000. This certainly puts it in the top 150 wikis and probably much higher than that. A list of all Wikias with at least 10000 pages (YAY WORD INFLATION):

Lyric Wiki – 1779724 pages (lyrics of a lot of songs) – Wow!

Wikianswers – 886363 pages (Q&A) – not to be confused with another Wikianswers service which has far more articles.

Speedy Deletion – 308803 pages (random stuff) – Basically stuff that would get speedily deleted on Wikipedia

Military History – 183905 pages (military history)

Familypedia – 169380 pages (genealogy)

Marvel – 132972 pages (Marvel Comics) – Well, they beat DC here

Star Wars – 114528 pages (Star Wars)

World of Warcraft – 101819 pages (MMORPG)

DC Database – 86501 pages (DC Comics)

Yugioh – 76656 pages (TV show + Card game)

Everquest II – 72630 pages (MMORPG)

Vintage Sewing Patterns – 70463 pages (Sewing patterns!)

Wikianswers Anime – 48819 pages (Q&A on Anime)

Ice Hockey – 48779 pages (a sport)

Proteins – 47793 pages (lots of proteins)

Pro Wrestling – 45851 pages (a sport)

Star Trek Memory Beta – 45209 pages (noncanon Star Trek)

Final Fantasy XI – 44214 pages (RPG) – Yes, this wiki has more pages than the general FF wiki.

Recipes – 42323 pages (recipes)

American Football Database – 41652 pages (a sport)

Doctor Who – 41601 pages (TV show)

Star Wars Fanon – 41453 pages (Star Wars fanfiction)

Yugioh Custom – 38609 pages (Custom cards for Yugioh)

Logopedia – 38361 pages (Yes, a wiki on logos (not the logical rhetorical method) and corporate branding)

Star Trek Memory Alpha – 37573 pages (canon Star Trek)

Villains – 34750 pages (All of the fictitious villains)

Psychology – 34142 pages (psychology)

Religion – 34032 pages (religions)

Wikianswers Lost – 33248 pages (On Lost the TV show) – curiously this wiki has more pages than Lostpedia does.

Ben 10 Fanfiction – 31633 pages (fanfiction of a cartoon)

Alternate History – 31454 pages (fanfiction I guess?)

Uncyclopedia – 30742 pages (The classic satire Wikipedia)

IT Law – 29126 pages (all about the law)

Elder Scrolls – 28075 pages (Skyrim)

Disney – 27874 pages (Movies) – Why did you guys put an autoplaying music video in your front page >.>

Brickipedia – 27723 pages (LEGO!)

Muppets – 27391 pages (puppet TV show)

Asheron’s Call – 26903 pages (MMORPG)

Runescape – 26886 pages (MMORPG)

Wikianswers Bleach – 25908 pages (Just when you thought Q&A’s couldn’t be more specific)

Naruto Fanon – 25218 pages (Naruto fanfiction)

Legend of the Five Rings – 25059 pages (another detailed campaign setting for D&D)

Fantendo – 24195 pages (Nintendo fanfiction)

Stock Car Racing – 23818 pages (a sport)

Encyclopedia Gamia – 21075 pages (General Games) – The fake Latin is strong with this one.

Wikianswers Justin Bieber – 21016 pages (No, I’m not kidding)

Fan Fiction – 19065 pages (General fanfiction)

Farmville – 17847 pages (Facebook Game) – HOW do you have so many pages???

Fallout – 17603 pages (dystopian RPG)

Coronation Street – 17445 pages (UK TV show)

Guild Wars – 17331 pages (Mostly Guild Wars Fanfiction)

Simpsons – 17270 pages (TV show)

Music – 17046 pages (How is this losing to Lyric Wiki?)

Final Fantasy – 16176 pages (RPG)

Wikianswers Club Penguin – 15788 pages (This really needs this many answers?)

Tractors and Construction Plants – 14927 pages (Yes, a wiki on tractors. You read that right.)

Duel Masters – 14887 pages (CCG + TV show) – It’s like Yugioh maybe.

Headhunter Holosuite – 14676 pages (scifi fanfiction)

Halo Fanon – 14590 pages (Halo fanfiction)

Forgotten Realms – 14077 pages (An detailed campaign setting of Dungeons & Dragons)

Dofus – 13970 pages (MMORPG) – a “strategic” one!

Manga – 13927 pages (Comics)

Nintendo – 12678 pages (Nintendo games)

Tibia – 12406 pages (MMORPG) – not the bone (that would be a *great* wiki)

Unanswers – 12354 pages (parody of Wikianswers)

Wikiality – 12319 pages (Colbert Report?)

Governance – 12249 pages (???) – I am not quite certain about this wikia.

Star Trek Expanded Universe – 12223 pages (Star Trek fan productions)

ArmchairGM – 12193 pages (wiki on all sports)

Fanon – 12112 pages (and yet another fanfiction wiki)

Cyber Nations – 12110 pages (web nation simulator)

Aion – 12093 pages (MMORPG)

Ultimate Pop Culture – 12052 pages (pop culture)

Headhunter Horror House – 12030 pages (horror fanfiction)

eWrestling – 11888 pages (You can wrestle electronically what?)

Constructed Worlds – 11795 pages (Basically, historical fiction I guess)

Harry Potter – 11955 pages (Books, Movies)

American Football Wiki – 11213 pages (Yes, there was a database earlier)

Wikianswers Xbox – 11184 pages (Q&A on Xbox stuff)

Ranger Wiki – 11161 pages (Power Rangers)

Avatar – 10790 pages (TV show / movie / comics)

Autopedia – 10509 pages (Automobiles)

GTA – 10287 pages (action game)

The Sims – 10197 pages (simulation game)

Stargate – 10098 pages (TV show)

Analytical Wiki – 10077 pages (I’m not too sure about what this does either)

Resident Evil – 10065 pages (survival horror video game) – Fun fact, apparently the movie Resident Evil was inspired by these video games. This was back in 2002. Who knew that movies would emulate video games back then.

Sonic Fanon – 10036 pages (Sonic Fanfiction)


Or something like that. Notice the  conglomeration of wikis near the 10k mark. Chances are that they’re frantically creating pages for the sole purpose of reaching the 10k mark.

By comparison, Bulbapedia has 26249 pages. TVTropes has about 300000 pages. The English Wikipedia has about 4.6 million pages. Baidu’s Baike has about 10 million pages. Wikianswers (not the Wikia sponsored thing) has about 11 million pages. Tencent’s Sogou Wenwen has 248 million pages.

With that said, there doesn’t seem to be a very good comprehensive directory of Wikias. There apparently used to be one but that got wiped out.

MeatballWiki exists (it’s not what it sounds like)

That reminds me. Apparently there’s actually a distinction between Fanon and fanfiction (where I used to think that fanon was a contraction of fanfiction). But actually fanon is a portmanteau of fan and canon, where fanfiction becomes so widely pervasive that it is accepted as near-canon by fans. Sometimes, fanon is recognized by publishers and becomes actual canon but other times the canon is revised. It really depends.

The Cinematic Orchestra is not a music group that produces music for movie trailers (even though some of their songs do sound like it would be in a movie trailer), unlike e.g. Audiomachine and Two Steps from Hell. Trailer music is a subset of production music, music not intended to be licensed to the public but rather various areas of media (although some groups do, e.g. the two groups that I mentioned earlier).

Several states are Democratic-leaning yet the Republicans sweep the House (Michigan, Virginia, and Pennsylvania are the obvious ones). Incidentally, the first two also have Republican governors. Let’s look at the districts:

Michigan seems to have fairly reasonable districting, although we can see some city dancing starting district 2 and district 3 around Grand Rapids and its suburbia. But both districts are fairly Republican-leaning, so not much surprise there.

And then we see district 5 which is a fairly gerrymandered snake in order to collateralize a strong Democratic majority (in order to give the surrounding Republican districts a better shot at winning). It takes out the city centers of both Flint and Saginaw while leaving the more Republican-leaning suburbs of Saginaw to district 4 who profits from this deal. But the real fun starts in districts 9, 11, 12, 13, and 14 – effectively the Detroit area. Detroit is extremely Democratic, but the districts are gerrymandered in a way such that district 11 actually has a Republican lean by giving it pretty much all of the suburbs that are Republican. To be fair, the Republicans probably have a slight edge over the Democrats in House elections simply because Democrats tend to live in centralized cities while Republicans roam around the rural areas, so a reasonable districting will favor Republicans a bit. (And this can be seen with the Republican House majority having a larger margin than the majority in the Republican Senate). But this gerrymandering caused a somewhat democratic leaning state to end up 9-5 in favor of the Republicans. (The margins of the Democrat districts are frequently in the +10 to +30 range by the Cook political index, while the Republican districts are favored only by a margin of +2 to +10 or so.)

Case 2: Pennsylvania.

Let’s start with Philadelphia. Unsurprisingly, this is a very Democratic city. District 1 seems slightly weird, District 2 reasonably shaped. District 13 seems a bit questionable, but then you look at the districts intended to sweep the suburbs. What exactly is District 7??? District 6 doesn’t look too good either, though District 8 seems fine. All three districts have a Republican margin of at most +1. Districts 1, 2, and 13 have margins of +25, +39, and +12. Seriously.

Districts 3, 4, and 5 seem to be reasonable rural tracts of land that follow the very boxy counties. (Louisiana is the only state to call them parishes. South Carolina used to do that.) While they look quite weird, Districts 9 through 12 are fine as well. District 14 covers Pittsburgh which is another Democratic bastion. They all seem to have a strange shape, and all is explained in District 17. A collection of cities have been linked together (mostly Scranton but a fair few other cities) to form a mess that is somewhat Democratic. And that is how Pennsylvania has a grand total of 5 Democrats and 13 Republicans: once again by hedging the Philadelphia inner-city into 3 lost districts, Pittsburgh into 1, and the other Democratic cities into yet another. (Ok, to be fair, the margins here are actually pretty hard for Democrats – by no means is Pennsylvania a safe state.)

Indeed, the redistricting process in Pennsylvania is controlled by the Republicans.

Case 3: Virginia.

Virginia is even less Democratic than Pennsylvania, but despite being a swingy state, the Republicans managed to take 8 out of 11 seats. What happened here? Districts 1 and 2 seem fine (though TIL that Virginia has a noncontiguous peninsula that borders Maryland). District 3 seems to be cherrypicking various communities outside of Richmond – indeed, Norfolk is carved out of District 2. Districts 8 and 11 are the Arlington/Alexandria districts, and District 11 in particular makes District 10 get a slight Republican lean. At best there is an argument for one more seat, maybe 2, and this illustrates how the distribution of Democrats makes it disadvantageous for such house contests.

Random facts while researching gerrymandering and stuff:

1) “Gerrymandering” has been named “Jerrymandering” (Jerry Brown) and “Perrymandering” (Rick Perry) to refer to the gerrymandered Californian districts (pre-redistricting of 2010) and the gerrymandered Texas districts (post-redistricting of 2003). The gerrymandering had different purposes: California’s districts were safe for both parties (hence it was a bipartisan agreement, allowing for both parties’ candidates to have safe elections), while Texas’s districts targeted specifically at the white Democrat representatives (and not the minorities to avoid being labeled as racist). It was not a very pretty sight for these Democrats: out of the ten, one managed to be reelected in the same district, one got reelected in a substantially different district (managing to hold onto the district for several years), one was defeated in the primaries and another Democrat won, one changed parties to continue getting reelected (though he lost this year), and six lost to Republican challengers.

2) The guy who changed parties was Ralph Hall. Incidentally, he and John Dingell (of the gerrymandered 12th district of Michigan) are the last two World War II veterans in the House. (Dingell retired and Hall was defeated by another Republican.)

3) The person to succeed Dingell is his wife, which is the first instance of a representative’s spouse immediately succeeding the representative seat while the representative is still alive. The person to succeed Hall lost to Hall in the Republican primaries, but Hall failed to gain 50% of the primary (getting about 46%), so there was a runoff to see who won, and Hall lost this runoff.

c9.io is pretty good!

The population of Loving County has skyrocketed from 67 to 82 and now perhaps 95. Meanwhile, while Loving County might be experiencing the like of a population surge, Kalawao County in Hawaii probably isn’t. Its official census-reported population is 90, and this could go lower. Apparently, Kalawao County is administered by the Hawaii Department of Health, and it used to serve as a sort of isolation ward for people with leprosy. The population can only decrease now, as no new permanent residents are allowed in, and only those who had leprosy chose to stay even after they were treated. The only access to that county is either by a very steep mule trail or by air.

Knewance (pronounced “nuance”). For example, the difference between a pier versus a dock versus a wharf versus a jetty versus a quay. (Do note that there exists a frivolous link inside. I warned you!)

Also, apparently sherbet is a more consistent form of sorbet which is a more consistent form of Italian ice which is a more consistent form of an ice cone.

For some reason, they also offer remote PC help. That is a weird set of industries to diversify in.

Steve Jobs banned easter eggs from Apple products when he became CEO again. In 2012, Mac OS X had an easter egg where apps that were still downloading were timestamped January 24, 1984 until they finished downloading.

/r/trees is of course about marijuana and users, but /r/marijuanaenthusiasts is… about trees. Yay.


By the end of today, I should have 21667 words. Of course, yesterday went over, so if I really want to be hardworking, I could end up with over 22k today. We’ll see.

Number 1 is shortened to No. 1, despite the word “number” not having the letter o in it. This is because “No” is an abbreviation of the word “numero” which is Latin. It also shares the word with various Romance languages, but Germanic languages such as English mutated the word to “number”.

Adagio for Strings was composed in 1936. That seemed a bit late. Why doesn’t it sound so modern? (And that’s probably a good thing.)

Sarcastic quotes are known as scare quotes. I think I used it three times in yesterday’s TIL. The corresponding “real-life” (hah I used it again) equivalent are known as air quotes, or finger quotes or ersatz quotes.

I believe that the font size in the WordPress editor just suddenly increased its size appreciably in the last couple of minutes. Did they just do some sort of under-the-hood change just now?

Mu expressions seem to be dynamically typed lambda expressions.

You can write a puzzle in about 2-3 hours! But it’s kinda annoying to do so.

Kinda is NOT spellchecked! (On Google Chrome.)

Youtube Mobile has a play song feature.

Schur polynomials have nothing to do with Schur’s inequality. The extension to Schur polynomials are Schubert polynomials (no relation to the composer of course, and despite the name similarity not derived from Schur either). Incidentally, this generalization was created in the 1980’s, long after the namesake Schubert lived.

Alexander Grothendieck dies. Apparently he left his educational institution in 1970 after a debate over the spending from military money, and went into academic seclusion not long after.

Corrigendum to 11-12: Fixed mismatched parentheses, added second item on list. Corrected typo of “Language”.


Well oops. Yesterday we definitely didn’t hit 1666 words. Let’s try a bit harder today. 19k. 20k. Back on track.

Speaking of Finnegan’s Wake thunderclaps, there are 10 of them. Nine of them contain 100 letters and the tenth has 101 letters. They are the only words in the book where James Joyce had to count the letters, so this is probably intentional. Also, Ulysses (the book also by Joyce) has two conflicting schemata (the Gilbert schema and the Linati schema). The confusing thing is that Joyce provided each with a separate schema in order to help understand the book, but they are contradictory with each other. Oh well.

Napoleon wasn’t that short (5 feet 7) but Khrushchev was. At 5 foot 3 inches, his height was possibly advantageous in gaining the head of state position of the Soviet Empire. Why? That made him shorter than Stalin (who himself wasn’t very tall at 5 feet 6), and apparently the only person in the Politburo who had this property. So most of the others were considered a threat to the ideals of the regime. This is perhaps the problem with picking people to try to further your own legacy rather than try to pick good people to rule the country. But I digress. His lack of athleticism also helped in this regard. However, once he actually became leader, the Soviets and the Chinese (still ruled under Mao) had some sort of falling-out, and Khrushchev was quite embarrassed when he had to swim (hint: he couldn’t) with Mao (who, while not very “standard” in his swimming technique still could swim quite competently.) Back then, private swimming pools were rare in China, but they managed. It was a way for Mao to put himself in a position of power over Khrushchev (who had demanded various things from China earlier in Russia). (It’s also not the only time China uses sports in diplomacy – remember ping-pong diplomacy?)

The Yonaguni Monument is rather angular. There has been debate over whether this was natural or manmade. Sort of like an Atlantis right? Some random things to wonder about: 1) The European Atlantis (this could possibly be a spoken tradition that came from back when the Ice Age had unlocked various pieces of lands, notably a land bridge bridging between Britain and the rest of Europe (called Doggerland)). 2) Meanwhile, there was another Atlantis from the Arabian Peninsula: the Atlantis of the Sands. Allegedly, there was a fairly advanced city (called Ubar in some texts but this is disputed among the sources) built on an oasis; they kept on using the water from the oasis but this destabilized the cave under and the city collapsed in on itself. This seems highly improbable of course – but a legend is a legend.

Oases are forms of Artesian wells. (This name comes from Artois where monks would drill these wells in the 1100’s.) Incidentally, several fountains are Artesian wells, for example the Trafalgar Square fountains.

The Great Manmade River is the world’s largest underground irrigation pipe system. In an effort to find more oil, the Libyans found water instead.

The Martian pictures provided by Opportunity are not true color (a human would see Mars as more orange than yellowish) because the Opportunity rover gives a false-color image with three color channels: the familiar green and blue and an infrared channel. This is because the infrared channel is more useful to scientists than a perfectly correctly colored picture (despite the fact that the Opportunity rover does have a red color channel), and this was done to reduce the amount of data that had to be transmitted back. If done on Earth, one can see vegetation quite clearly as red, since plants reflect much of infrared radiation. Speaking of false-color images, a choropleth is a map/diagram of a geographic region where the subregions are colored based on a variable – be it population density, GDP, or whatnot. Warhol’s prints are another source of false-color in the arts.

Speaking of Warhol, he had dabbled in the computer graphics area at some point by using an Amiga. Flood fill operations (indeed, probably any operation) was very slow and took several seconds to execute. You could see the scanline approach of flood fill. By the way, Amiga was a computer line manufactured by Commodore. Commodore defuncted in 1994.

Finally, something useful from a tech support page! If your sound for some reason suddenly stops, run services.msc and then restart Windows Audio.

Incidentally, the guy who writes Irregular Webcomic also created the Piet and Chef esoteric programming languages (as well as the short HQ9++).

There’s the Erdos-Bacon number and there appears to also be some sort of Erdos-Bacon-Sabbath number, also adding a connectivity requirement through the musics (although it does lower the Erdos requirement from paper coauthorship to general publication coauthorship, allowing figures like Fred Rogers (from Mr. Rogers) to have an Erdos number.) Many seem to be popular science writers of sorts since that seems to be an “easy” (by no means is this actually easy) way to attain such a number. Yeah… this ranking is kinda contrived.

Acidic stuff makes milk curdle by breaking casein bonds. But this takes a long time unless the milk is hot. This allows people to make lemon-flavored ice cream. This is also why mixing Coca-Cola (remember that it contains phosphoric acid) and milk causes the milk to clear up and curdle up, but this takes a long time to take effect – about 6 hours or so. Phosphoric acid is not a requirement for sodas: for instance, while Pepsi also has phosphoric acid, Mountain Dew doesn’t (it contains citric acid). There’s a Youtube video with the typically sensationalist title of “you should never drink Coca-Cola ever again after this” or something like that. Well, that happens with basically any moderately acidic thing, so try again.

In a similar food chemistry vein, pineapple contains a protease enzyme called bromelain which disrupts the collagen bonds of gelatin from forming.

Polaris is actually a variable star – indeed, it could be the closest Cepheid variable star to us. (There are closer variable stars, but they are either slow irregular or semi-regular.) This causes problems with fixing the apparent magnitude of stars to it, however. (It was fixed at 2 by Pogson.) Incidentally, star magnitude is on a logarithmic scale such that the ratio is (1/100)^(1/5) – in other words, for every 5 magnitudes, is a 100-fold reduction of brightness. After Polaris was discovered to be variable, Vega was later chosen to be fixed at 0, but eventually they stopped trying to fix a star at any clean magnitude and used a fixed table to refer to for brightness. So Vega’s apparent magnitude is actually 0.03. Polaris’ apparent magnitude is around 1.98.

Note that magnitude also depends on what band of radiation that we are measuring with.

Achernar spins so rapidly that its shape is very elongated.

There is another scale that measures the quality of the night sky depending on locale: the Bortle scale. Even in an inner-city environ, stars of magnitude 4 (and definitely 3) should be visible, but in a better sky stars of up to magnitude 7 or even 8 can be seen. However there can never be a perfect viewing environment on Earth due to airglow, which can happen as atoms recombine after being ionized by the Sun in the day. (Thus, we have satellite telescopes and perhaps eventually a lunar observatory.)

Bayer designation is interesting. Within each constellation, he assigned Greek letters to the stars, e.g. Alpha Centauri, Beta Centauri, etc. (Of course, some of these “stars” are actually multiple stars. Bayer didn’t know that!). He tried to order them by magnitude (which back then was discretized by integer, so magnitude 1 would refer to a star between 0.5 and 1.5 magnitude), and then by position (for whatever arbitrary order of position makes sense) so stars like Mintaka got a lower Greek letter (delta) than Alnitak (zeta), despite being dimmer by about 0.5 magnitudes (so about 2/3rds as bright). Continuing in Orion, entire collections of stars get the same Greek letter sometimes: the bow of Orion has about 6 stars and they get subscripted to pi. Incidentally, it could also be construed as a shield. After the Greek letters were used up, he then proceeded to use normal letters, first lowercase then uppercase.

Four constellations do not even have an alpha star, as the constellations themselves are not fixed and are mostly figments of human authority which changes over time. For example, Vela and Puppis used to be in a bigger constellation, Argo Navis, along with Carina (and possibly Pyxis, but this is in debate). Carina got the alpha star of Argo Navis (Canopus), and the other two constellations never got an alpha star – the Bayer designations for Argo Navis persisted. The brightest star of Vela, Gamma Velorum, is also known as Suhail, which is also the name for Kappa Velorum. Here, we see the normal letters come into play: we see Bayer’s p Carinae and P Carinae (remember this is all from the original huge Argo Navis constellation).

Incidentally, since Wikipedia automatically capitalizes all first letters, both p Carinae and P Carinae redirect to the same page, PP Carinae. The symbols (# < > [ ] | { }) cannot be used in a Wikipedia title. However, the musical sharp sign can, so thus we can have a page on C♯ the musical note while the page on C# the programming language has to be renamed to C sharp. It seems that the # (octothorpe, hashtag, number sign, pound sign, sharp, whatever) is the primary offender of the title problem: none of the other characters seem to have much problem in themselves, though I guess there’s the page detailing the character itself.

It’s almost as if APL doesn’t want other people to use the language with the arcane symbols and all. (Despite its proficiency in array processing, it does not stand for “Array Processing Language”, it stands for “A Programming Language”.)

The IBM Selectric typewriter made use of a typeball which had free pivoting when inking letters. You could take out the typeball, allowing you to change your font set for your typewriter (more technical than aesthetic (although you can get your share of monospace fonts ranging from Courier to Prestige Elite to Letter Gothic); for instance, there is a dedicated APL typeball, and mathematical typesetting was much easier with the trackball system) It was certainly an interesting idea, but I guess I’ll just stick to printers nowadays 😛

Some airline websites raise their prices if they see that you frequently check the price of a ticket.

eBaum’s World was pretty massively popular in around 2003 or so. Much of their popularity was as a result of taking other people’s original content and claiming it as theirs, and they got into a lot of copyright controversies. They (being the website founder, Eric Bauman (which explains the name of the website)) sold the site for about $15 million dollars to ZVUE Corporation (which I have no idea what they do, and a Wikipedia search takes me to a link of some MP3 player device) in late 2008. Early 2009, ZVUE fired him. (Now, it seems to be a feeder site to various clickbait sites like Buzzfeed.)

Philae (the namesake of the lander on the Rosetta probe) is an island in Lake Nasser in Egypt. There used to be ancient ruins there, but the construction of the Aswan Low Dam caused it to be partially underwater, so the UNESCO decided to relocate the ruins elsewhere.

On the Rosetta probe is also a nickel Rosetta disk from the Rosetta project, which has 13000 pages of information microetched on the disk. It contains the language information of 1000 different languages, and the pages are shrunk by a factor of 650. Supposedly it exists for the posterity of 10000 years from now so that all of these languages will not die out. Apparently, within the next century or so, over 50% of the world’s current 7000 languages will die out.

The Long Now Foundation (which is in charge of this project) is also in charge of various other long-term planning projects: for one, they date their years with five digits (so e.g. 02014). They also have the 10000 year clock, which will be housed in mountains in Nevada and Texas. The way in which they are sustained is interesting: they are “solar powered” in the sense that they utilize the sun temperature gradient to keep the clock ticking. However, to  actually retrieve the time, one must spin a human-powered drive which displays the time as well as ringing a chime that is unique to the time (so it never chimes the same thing twice). (If the temperature gradient is particularly large, the clock sets and chimes by itself.) Other projects include a universal translation dictionary to hundreds of languages, long-term betting, revival of previously extinct species, and a bar.

Yes, a bar. Long-term themed with very long-term aged whiskey and stuff. They had a very expensive kickstarter with donations at the $100 to $1000 range. (Like seriously, you redeem a coin that you get for $100 for one bottle of gin.) Wait, isn’t that basically donors for a well-established establishment like a museum?

In Doom II, the cheat code idclip toggles noclip (and thus that’s why it’s called noclip). However, the noclip cheat code is different in DOOM: idspipopd. What does SPIPOPD mean? It means “Smashing Pumpkins into Piles of Putrid Debris”, which comes from a fan who quipped that id Software should name their games less popularly to have fewer casual players who would ask on the web for a walkthrough of sorts – in particular, suggesting SPIPOPD. This name actually ended up being used in several computer games by other publishers. The other cheat codes sometimes also have similar backstories. id Software also made the Commander Keen franchise, as well as Wolfenstein 3D.

Caption Generator, a meme generator but for videos. Almost exclusively for the Hitler Fegelein meme, probably.

A few days ago before today, but the Baader-Meinhof phenomenon is basically the frequency illusion.

“aks” is an alternative spelling of “ask” and not “ax” and I didn’t even know that people used “aks”. (Not multiple AK47’s by the way.)

Linguist List


1800 words is not that many words. (in one TIL day) After all, I will have to consistently hit this count if I want to meet the “NaNoWriMo” pacing.

Other people procrastinate at writing blog posts, I guess I’m procrastinating by writing blog posts (ok, fine, TIL’s.)

Minecraft unveils the new “Gameband” accessory. Basically a glorified USB stick / wristwatch.

Microsoft 8/8.1 activation is as simple as KMSPico. As well as Microsoft Office 2010 and 2013. Apparently it does this by modifying registry files.

This TIL is increasingly becoming miscellaneous like Futility Closet. Speaking of Futility Closet, did you know that they wrote a book? (with random facts, probably). And then a second one, as well? Now that I say that, I see a lot of similarity between this and that page. Especially the definitions of esoteric words (or slightly less esoteric words).

Speaking of “websitey” books: Machine of Death (an anthology of stories based on an idea by Ryan North (who is the creator of Dinosaur Comics)) released a sequel. And apparently a game of some sort.

In the future: Holograms, and Fusion?


Asymptote doesn’t seem to be as universally supported as I thought it would be.

Everyone seems to be consulting the computer these days in chess. (No, not in actual tournaments, but in the sidelines.)

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bababadalgharaghtakamminarronnkonnbronntonnerronntuonnthunntrovarrhounawnskawntoohoohoordenenthurnuk from Finnegan’s Wake. Too bad I’m not counting characters.


This begins the longest TIL to date. I’m sure I can exceed this count soon. (about 1800 words and counting, to be precise)

And so the new target to chase is 19k. Welp. Indeed, you will see me write more and more TIL stuff in an effort to try to reach this moving target. Many which are probably irrelevant. (No, I’m totally learning a lot more starting today!) How many people are even reading this, heh. (If you appreciate your sanity, you may want to read into these TIL’s a little less closely for the time being.)

But of course, I spew out a bunch of random stuff in order to make the target, so we hit the next thousand today. One day after the previous one. And this time, I didn’t need to write some unnecessarily long meta paragraph. (Well, I mean, I still have an unnecessary long meta paragraph (this one! (And I hope I don’t run into another parenthetical nesting problem.)), but it’s not unnecessarily long.) This TIL isn’t 1000 words long (yet?) as yesterday ended us comfortably in the 16.3k region. Hmm – bad idea time: Let’s TIL at a NaNoWriMo pace! (Incidentally, the current word count is approximately on target to 50k – at one third of the way there, we’re at 17.1k, (and not 17.1k anymore – it’s 17.8k now and probably increasing beyond that as well) and counting. (Although, now that I think of it, it’s “only” 1666 words a day – better than I expected. I accidentally thought it was 3333 words a day, oops!))

(NINJA EDIT: 18k. As well. Wow. On target!)

(I think I tried to do this earlier with a previous longpost idea (which is still not finished); I fell behind at 38k versus the 50k mark. Writing is HARD. In theory, writing about random facts (or an amalgam of random nonfictional happenings) should be easier to do than write a coherent fictional plot – though I suppose you do get more leeway given the fictional aspect of it all. But it requires imagination, man. Way too hard. And nonfiction is weird enough as it stands.)

See, I didn’t luck into Gold, because I did it twice! (Well, maybe I lucked into Gold twice?) But I’m pretty sure my skill level is at least midgold but oh well, I’m not testing this hypothesis for awhile. Where awhile means until the season ends. Where until the season ends means tomorrow. Apparently I can play Ziggs at a mid-Gold (ahaha no pun intended) level which is weird. (Final results on non-throw champs: Overall 100-71 (but this includes a lot of throws – I believe I was at around 5-24 at some point); Miss Fortune, 31-17 (including a pentakill (!) and five quadrakills); Ziggs, 18-5 (no quadras here); Amumu, 9-4 (or here either); Warwick, 6-3. Incidentally, I have a perfect record on Twisted Fate 5-0 (despite trying to throw, THREE TIMES), and Jinx 4-0. I apparently suck at supporting here, perhaps partly due to the fact that I don’t have good supports on this account (including an impressive Morgana 0-4). I don’t know, maybe I just suck at supporting now. (This was proven  false when I went back on my main account to combat inactivity and I pulled off a pretty convincing Nami (which I don’t have on my smurf) win.) I definitely spammed a lot of numbers for inflationary purposes.

There is no TVTropes page for Abstruse Goose, which is a shame because that’s a pretty good (and unupdated…) webcomic. There is a page on Square Root of Minus Garfield, but most of the other mezzacotta pages are clumped into one. (True, the mezzacotta comics are rather experimental for a suitable definition of the word.)

Apparently there have only been two previous times where the voter turnout was less than 33% (which is approximately the voter turnout for this midterm election, which is exceedingly low): once in 1926 and once in the 1790’s. Incidentally there was a time during Jacksonian democracy when midterm turnout was actually higher than the respective presidential one.

Even Wikipedia admins can’t delete pages with over 5000 revisions. (You need a steward to do that, a sort of “superadmin”)

So, North Korea would’ve had the title for owning the world’s tallest hotel in 1992, but the opening of the tower was postponed several times (and still is postponed) due to various structural issues and whatnot – so it never held that title, relinquishing it to various other hotels that are taller – although out of exclusive hotel buildings, it doesn’t fare too badly with taller ones only a couple meters taller. Yes, it has been postponed for 22 years. Although considering the fact that the Soviet regime fell roughly then (which probably was their greatest supporters) this isn’t too surprising. It still is their tallest building though, but all of the administrative delays are… well, not too surprising. More fun facts: When (if?) completed, it will be the shortest building with at least 100 floors (the next shortest  is the John Hancock Center in Chicago, but that was in 1969).

More on skyscrapers: Let’s build a skyscraper in 210 days! In particular, taller than the Burj Khalifa! Although to be fair it still costs an ungodly amount of money at around $1.6 billion. (Perhaps even more due to the prefabricated structure, though you do get the really fast build times.) Oh, darn, bureaucratic slowness. (They have until around 2019 before Saudi Arabia finishes their Kingdom Tower at a whopping one kilometer tall… unless some other nation decides to plop down a prefab skyscraper of their own.) Also, there are two Aon Centers, one in Chicago and one in Los Angeles.

So there’s a nuclear incident rating scale. The highest rated (at level 7) are the Chernobyl disaster and the Fukushima earthquake one. Apparently, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was closer to Pripyat than it was to Chernobyl. Incidentally, only the overall situation of the Fukushima nuclear disaster was rated a 7: the individual reactors themselves did not totally catastrophically meltdown, rating three 5’s and a 3. The only level 6 disaster was the Kyshtym disaster.

The sievert measures “equivalent” dose: basically it tries to convert different types of radiation in terms of gamma radiation. So e.g. alpha radiation actually does about 20 times as much damage per energy than gamma rays. (Gamma rays are still more serious because they are more energetic.) There is actually yet another weighting factor based on where the dose is absorbed. This sievert business is some very imprecise stuff.  Meanwhile, the gray actually measures the dose absorbed.

Numbers stations and letter beacons are pretty cryptic.

Apteryx is the genus of kiwis. Kiwis the bird, not the fruit. The Garfield comic strip uses that.

The production of several round handmade periodic things are facilitated by rotary platforms and a good rhythm. (See: pottery, cakemaking)

TIL that RH.Wu.’s TIL just ended.

Annoying fact: DDG (DuckDuckGo)’s searchbar does not do automatic computation like Google’s searchbar does. (i.e. if you type in without pressing enter e.g. “345+215 =” the searchbar doesn’t give you 560. (I was going to write 1+2 = but then 1+2=3 is actually a common search term…))

Things to learn for the Putnam: figure out more linear algebra, specifically things on matrix diagonalization and stuff.

Things not to do while making an incremental game: Don’t make your button Enterable to simulate autoclicking. An interesting idea to combat autoclickers is to gate clicking to at most say 10 clicks a second. (“Normal” fast clicking ranges from 6-8 clicks a second; people have attained 16 clicks a second but probably not sustained for very long like an hour.) Alternatively, create some activity rewards (autopopups) or make activity more involved than just clicking.

There’s also a good article on using randomness in game design. (It’s taken from Magic: The Gathering.) I always thought that their “joke” deck sets (Unglued and Unhinged) were fun to read. I do not have actual MTG knowledge so I don’t feel like reading the actual cards to know what they do, but the joke cards are always fun.

Gentoo Linux comes from the “Gentoo Penguin” which apparently is the fastest penguin at swimming. Recall that the Linux mascot is, of course, the penguin.

After talking about the abandonment of Centralia (see 05/04/14 (dang, I didn’t really do these “expositions” (that would inflate my wordcount) that I do now, and just “lazily” jotted down the links of things)), we also have another city abandonment: Pattonsburg, Missouri. Founded in 1848 or so, they decided to relocate in the 1990’s after having suffered about 30 floods in the meanwhile.

So let’s get this straight: World War I ends on 11/11, and is celebrated as Veteran’s Day (technically not WWI specific) in USA, Remembrance Day (also Poppy Day) in most British Commonwealth countries, and Armistice Day in an assortment of other European countries. And Independence Day for Poland, which is as a direct result of the armistice. It’s also Singles Day in China (where it probably wouldn’t trample on a sensitive subject given that I’m pretty certain China had no involvement in WWI whatsoever), and Pocky/Pretz Day in Japan and Pepero Day in Korea. (Yes, the stick snacks. Now you know why it’s this day.)

Anzac Day is not this day (4/25 = Australian and New Zealand landing at Gallipoli).

The Swedish calendar tried to gradually transition from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar (instead of inelegantly chopping off several days) by omitting leap days for a string of several leap years. However, after they took out the February 29 of 1700, the Great Northern War happened, and thus they forgot to remove the leap day of 1704 and 1708. They thought it would be too inconsistent at this point and thus they reinstated the leap day from 1700 and put it to the end of 1712, creating a February 30 that year.

The proposed Symmetry454 calendar configuration which has balanced 7-day weeks every month, every year, solves the leap problem by adding leap weeks. On a 293 year cycle. This turns out to be remarkably precise.

The placeholder name John Q. Public comes from the Chicago Daily News in 1922. It was adopted by the Oklahoma State Senate as the official state editorial cartoon character in 2006, even though it came from Chicago. Hmm. John Doe, on the other hand, could have a history dating back to as early as the 1300’s.

On thoroughbred horse racing (AKA I have no idea why I’m posting these facts… oh right, cue terrible pun: filly text.): Kincsem was undefeated in 55 races (the most of any undefeated horse) – but the record for consecutive wins is actually 56 with Camarero. Perhaps it has to do with the relative strength of the leagues of the horses where they were bred in – Hungary and Puerto Rico, respectively – although Kincsem did race throughout Europe. (Perhaps this is as a result of the times back then – 1874.)


16k words. Short and simple. Well, not the TIL at any rate.

The round window and the oval window are found in the ear. The Latin names for these are the fenestra rotunda and fenestra ovalis, which could ring a bell to “defenestrate” which is to throw someone out of the window.

Well that’s interesting. One guy offers to boost someone else’s account and then relays it to someone else so that they can boost the account instead, at a lower price. When the scam is revealed, the person who now has someone else’s account disbands a challenger team after gaining captaincy.

The expression “long time no see” comes from Chinese. One of the only other non-culturally related things (so excluding things like “chow mein”, “feng shui”, “kung fu”, and “lychee”) is “brainwashing”. (Some other similar things: Japanese loanwords like “tsunami”, the Cantonese loanphrase “no can do”, and some random dialect’s loanphrase of “tea”, as well as pidgin “chow” referring to food) I don’t know, Wikipedia lists are definitely complete and no omissions could ever happen. [citation needed] In particular, “casino” does not have Chinese origins (my dad believed this) – it comes from (or rather, is) the Italian diminutive of “casa” or home. So it’s a “little house”. Not “kai shi le”.

Random erratum (corrigendum!): 11-01-14; the heart symbol displays now. But it didn’t display earlier. Perhaps this is as a result of shutting down my computer and starting it up again.

Eh, might as well throw out MAP kinase kinase kinase kinase out there. This link actually increased my word count! (Relative to posting the link as a URL, that is.)



Things about Sleepsort and 4chan: (Note: this is a dis.4chan (which incidentally is quite separate from the main 4chan, as it is a textboard rather than an imageboard) link; there is no Wikipedia link because that page got deleted. Take caution in entering (yes, even though it’s a textboard people can do quite obnoxious stuff there.); the link is provided only for informational purposes defining what exactly sleepsort is): Yes, negative numbers have to be rescaled, which means – yes, race conditions generally make it not work, even if you try to be careful and start your threads all at the same time. Even if it worked every time, it’s not O(n) for several reasons: first, threads are generally scheduled in a heap so basically this is a hardware heapsort. (Or even worse, an insertion sort of sorts.) Also, apparently thread creation itself is not necessarily O(1) (it’s in O(log(n))) for many newer OS’es (sample size = 1: Linux) as it’s apparently modeled by a red-black tree. A binary heap would also have O(log(n)) insertion.). Basically… yeah Sleepsort is actually O(n log(n)) (or O(n^2) if the process scheduler is bad (Ok, to be fair, the process scheduler was probably not intended to sort larger lists of numbers.)) darn! With that said, code-golfing is hard and I am bad at it.

Now that I think of it, if we constrain ourselves to (non-negative) integers you may as well take a memory hit (or maybe not with some specialized data structure? It could be plausible to use some sort of hashmap-esque thing) and instead of temporally storing things, store things “spatially” instead. Ok fine, that’s a counting sort. Which basically boils down to a bucket/radix sort. Oh well.

Random funny quote: “People are so hard on poor bogosort. Some day, when the stars align, when all the monkeys are on all the typewriters, it will sort an array faster than any sane algorithm could ever imagine.”

Cue back to 2014 SUMS A2S3: Flash Cards: “sage” for 4chan and related chan boards comes from the romanization of the Japanese word for “lowering” (technically “sageru”). It does not bump the topic up to the top, essentially. Also, why are these boards in general so insular and hostile to everyone else? It makes no sense.

Random Chemistry: Coca-cola, and probably a lot of other soft drinks, get their acidity primarily from phosphoric acid, not carbonic acid as I always thought.

If you heat up carbon monoxide enough, it becomes carbon dioxide and carbon suboxide (C3O2).

On webcomics: xkcd 851 was later revised (to include Hey Jude), but by principle the revision is not on the website (I believe it was posted on the blog though.)

Abstruse Goose in the span of 3 months (or even more, I don’t remember the last time I checked) or so has increased its size by about 5 comics. Despite this, its comic numbering still is around 500-ish comics. Compare to xkcd, which is at 1400. So evidently the rate of this webcomic is quite inconsistent. At least it feels more periodic than Spiked Math… Meanwhile apparently Irregular Webcomic has been doing long-form articles for quite awhile now (I knew that it had ended but failed to investigate what happened after that.)


In Windows 7/8: You can delete search terms from your Windows Explorer history by hovering over them and pressing delete.


Look at the other TIL’s for some more TIL’s!

A discussion on why improper downvotes gets downvoted (improperly).


The “Slippery slope” page has two disambiguations: the Series of Unfortunate Events book (“The Slippery Slope”) and a strange possibly adult movie (“Slippery Slope”); neither have parenthetical disambiguators.

Big Ben refers to the bell inside the clock tower, not the clock tower itself. The clock tower was known as the “Clock Tower” until it was renamed to the Elizabeth Tower (after Elizabeth II) to celebrate her diamond jubilee. It was originally (in the 1800’s) called St. Stephan’s Tower.

Interesting analog instruments: the Yaybahar

Video blog here we go (fun fact: VLOG is now a Scrabble word)

http://www.selfassemblylab.net/index.php Some interesting stuff. Stochastic assembly, one that probably involves nitinol, and programmable materials.

If you view-source a Clickhole (The Onion’s sister website and similarly satirical, but in the “modern” news format akin to “10 things you didn’t know…”) you see a comment for a possible job offer to become a developer for The Onion.

Despite all of the research invested into the technology, there are currently only two functional maglev rails right now: the Shanghai Airport maglev and the Linimo system in Japan.

(This fact comes from the fact that the Linimo system originated as an exhibit to the 2005 Expo) Expositions (i.e. expo’s – referring to the “world fair” definition) can be divided into three categories: universal expositions, specialized expositions (more topical, e.g. “travel” or “energy”), and horticultural expositions (Yes, it’s exactly what it sounds like. Lots of flowers.). Of the last, apparently all of the Netherlands’ Floridaes (which happen every 10 years) are counted in this designation. Speaking of expos, while most countries demolish their exhibits after the expo, some of them ship them over intact back to their country. I wonder how the logistics of that came about.

It costs about $25,000 a year to be a member of the International Bureau of Expositions. (Keep in mind, these are country-wide memberships, so it’s not that bad.) Despite this, USA cut its membership in 2001, and then Canada in 2012.


Well, there’s now a post on /r/leagueoflegends that has 223 reddit golds and counting.

Can I just voice a slight annoyance that Java in v8u20 removed the medium security option, rendering about 60% of the applets that I stumble upon unreadable? If anyone has a solution to this (which apparently very few people seem to have this problem for some reason) please do let me know. I will have learned something.

If you’re keeping score of the wordcount, you will have noticed that this is the day where we pass the fifteen thousand mark. And by quite a bit. Quite a bit more after I finish writing this unnecessary piece of text. I swear, I’m trying to work towards that 5:1 ratio that I should be getting. (the current moving target suddenly increased from 12k to 16.3k, so I’m still a ways off)

It’s getting repetitive reading unnecessary pieces of text, huh. (And how I comment that I write them as well.)


Craige Schensted (creator of various connection game derivatives (akin to Hex by Nash)) changed his name to Ea Ea??? (Not that I follow this person but that is a rather strange name to change your name to in the first place.)

endochronic: the property of a substance such that it starts dissolving before it reaches water. Ok, fine, this property is fictional, and was come up by Isaac Asimov while he was doing some lab work involving catechol which is almost as soluble (though still within realistic bounds; it dissolves just as it comes into contact with water.)

Introducing inline links! I try not to reduce my word count but it does make things a lot more readable. Loosely inspired by Br.Ch’s TIL.


Freedom Tower opens. Meh, Americans are very slow at building things.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ransom_note_effect I remember that font (San Francisco)  back in elementary school when the computers still had really old Macs.

Also, there were two Putnams in 1958: one in February and one in December.

Typical “cardboard boxes” are not actually made of cardboard, they’re made of corrugated fiberboard.

The Torino Scale is rather ad-hoc.


Incidentally Jagex is there.

Mouse lags are really annoying and inexplicable.

Someone who writes cryptic crosswords is a cruciverbalist.

“The fastest way to get the right answer on the internet is to say the wrong thing.”

Two court cases against Allstate and Farmers Insurance respectively were about double rounding. The insurance companies argued that double rounding was allowed and even necessary.

They lost. They being the insurance companies of course. The justice system is reasonable for once!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahan_summation_algorithm When overoptimizing breaks a program.


According to http://www.oica.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/worldpro2012-modification-ranking.pdf

(NOT A PUN OK) <- (DYK: That was completely to increase the word count. I admit it fully! But yes if you stretch your tolerance levels enough you could find a pun.) <- That also increased the word count, as well as this message.

Out of the 2 million+ vehicles that BMW produced, precisely 261 of them were LCV’s (light commercial vehicles). You’d expect a company to either make a more significant proportion or opt out of the sector entirely.

Sodium and Potassium have absurdly low densities. Even lower than water! I wonder why they don’t make boats out… oh right, that. Incidentally in the Wikipedia page (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_elements) elements above Lawrencium have density “estimates” because the half-life is too short to measure them, yet Fermium through Lawrencium have no density measurement whatsoever.

So that’s what that curvy thing on the globe is called. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analemma

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopf_fibration and in general http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homotopy_groups_of_spheres


Escherichia actually is named after a particular German physician of Escherich. Of course, this is the genus of the food bacterium E. coli. (Ok fine Escherich discovered E. coli.) Likewise, Salmonella was named after Daniel Salmon, who was more indirectly related to the discovery: he was the head of the veterinary division of the US Department of Agriculture when one of his lab assistants found it.

PROTIP: Don’t use weird fonts or half of your intended audience won’t be able to read it.

Lipograms: in Sweden some programmers don’t use the vowels with diacritical marks as a tradition of the older days when the implementation of those characters differed from system to system.

James Bond was named after an ornithologist of the same name.

For the longest time the ♡ character (intended to be the heart, from e.g. playing card suits) was showing up as 3 lines (like the trigram). Well, now that I copy-paste it here, it reverts back to three lines >.> I believe this is as a result of installing Microsoft Office finally.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromista is a Kingdom that I haven’t heard of previously.


Killer bees were made as a result of trying to hybridize two species of bees in order to make a more manageable species.

Incidentally, the order of hybridization matters very much: a male lion and a female tiger produce a liger while a female lion and a male tiger produce a tigon. Animal hybrids typically are less sterile when female, which allows for some interesting things like the liliger which is a cross between the lion and the liger.




Words from an /r/AskReddit:

susurrus: A whispering or rustling sound, a murmur

skeuomorph: a derivative object that retains ornamental design cues from structures that were necessary in the original (e.g. fake wood, screw imprints projected on a computer screen, etc.

dentil: a repeating small block found on the underside of the protrusion from a rooftop. Beneath a cornice, apparently.

saudade: (Portuguese / Galican) the deep emotional state of nostalgic or melancholic longing for an absent loved one

philotimo: (Greek) The highest of Greek virtues, “love of honor”

aletheia: truth or disclosure

kenopsia: the eerie atmosphere of a now-deserted place that was once populated (temporally speaking, so not just ghost towns but also a school hallway at night)

petrichor: the scent after the first rain after a dry spell

^ Speaking of petrichor, also what causes this smell.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loss_of_significance or rather the term “catastrophic cancellation”

It’s good to cite your sources, so here you go: The pronounciation poem is apparently known as “The Chaos”. It has its own Wikipedia page, and a full-ish version is https://web.archive.org/web/20050415131319/http://www.spellingsociety.org/journals/j17/caos.php


Some Blog Population Statistics

162 countries or otherwise entities that WordPress recognizes accounted for all 743,000 views or so to my blog.

Of these views, 737,000 of them were for the 2048 variants page. The homepage accounted for 4,900 of them. The next few are the pages: Blogroll (770), TIL (350), About (200), and the Physics Letter (140), which doesn’t actually contain a Physics Letter, oops.

Out of the 54 countries that I counted that didn’t view my blog (or 25% of countries), their combined population is about 318 million.

The biggest countries of this list is Uganda (36.6 mil), Mozambique, North Korea (25 mil apiece), Cameroon (20.4 mil), Burkina Faso (17.3 mil) and Niger (17.1 mil).

There are four Central American / South American countries: Belize, Guyana, Suriname, and Paraguay.

There are three European countries: Kosovo, Liechtenstein, and Vatican City.

There are four continental Asian countries: Bhutan, North Korea, Laos, and Turkmenistan. I guess Papua New Guinea is also biggish.

The others are either African countries, Pacific islands, or Caribbean islands.

The highest viewership is obviously USA (481K), followed by Canada (35K), United Kingdom (28K), Australia (25K), France (17K), and Germany (13K). These six countries had over 10K viewers; there were 42 countries with over 1K viewers, 73 countries with over 100 viewers, and 113 countries with over 10 viewers.

By viewership per capita, Guernsey leads with 1.84 viewers per thousand inhabitants, followed by USA (1.51), Iceland (1.47), Denmark (1.09), and Australia (1.05). This is not the same as readers, obviously. There were 47 countries with at least one view per ten thousand inhabitants, 97 countries with at least one view per hundred thousand, and 129 countries with at least one view per million.

Inbound: 515K views came from a web search. (Google represents 509K, Bing 3K, Yahoo 1K, Ask.com 550, Yandex 280, and DuckDuckGo 190.) Mathmunch represents 18.6K views, and Reddit represents 18.1K. Facebook represents 6.6K, another list represents 1K, etc.

The busiest month was April 2014 (the month after I published 2048 variants), with over 10k views each day on average. May had 7.5K, June had 1.9K, and now we’re experiencing 500-800/day with slight declining rates.

Now, back to the TIL’s:

Apparently the FIFA 2003 Women’s World Cup was relocated to USA due to the SARS outbreak.

There’s a page of “DVS” words. It sometimes goes on a pretty big stretch…

We hit 14k. Isn’t it nice when you don’t actually have to TIL all the time?

Ramanujan married someone 11 years younger than him… at 21.

While compiling the above information, one interesting thing is that Wikipedia’s sort function sorts things like the danish A with a circle above it last, as well as the a with an accent. In other words, Unicode sorting most likely.


The National Geographic Society originally used the Van der Grinten cartographic projection (from 1922 to 1988), which is weird since it’s a pretty awful cartographic projection.

The River Thames is not the longest river in Britain. That would be the River Severn. The Brits name their rivers with the river first and the name second…

Quark is a type of dairy product.

The versine (1 – sin(x)) is also known as the sagitta, because it would be the arrow shaft formed by considering a chord and a circular arc around it. I don’t know about you but I find the sound of “sagitta” aesthetically pleasing.

There is a difference between the havercosine and the hacoversine. It’s almost like they were allergic to negative numbers back in the day. (Versing the sines and cosines shifts the function upwards so that the minimum of the function is 0)

How do you manage to see a little horse in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equuleus ???

One way to prove things: First assume the Riemann Hypothesis is true, and prove it. Then assume that the Riemann Hypothesis is false, and prove it.

I suspect that trying to keep a 5:1 ratio with a particular (even sporadic) TIL is not going very well. That would entail to writing about 2000 more words. I don’t think I should do that.


Julian Assange (the founder of Wikileaks) grew a beard! He also used to run a puzzlehunt back in the days of old.

adit: a horizontal mine entryway.

http://www.nomyx.net/ Nomic in (a variant of?) Haskell

Someone already beat Felix Baumgartner’s freefall record.

And TIL of another TIL. (RH.Wu. courtesy of Br.Ch.) I am being way too honest here, huh.


Pronunciation is way too hard: http://spelling.wordpress.com/2007/09/05/english-pronunciation/

From the blog, a bunch of words. Some probably SAT vocab, and thus I’m sorry that I forgot, or didn’t learn.

greffier – a notary or registrar

obnubilation – the clouding of the consciousness

avogram – the mass of one gram divided by Avogadro’s number

bric-a-brac – smaller “art objects”. Ornamentation?

inveigle – to obtain through cajolery

jalousie – a window with adjustable horizontal slats. Yeah, you know, those windows. Known as a louvre window everywhere else in the British empire besides America.

valetudinarian – a chronically weak or sick person who is worried about health

Also, a marquis is a French nobleman (as well as many other countries of similar rank, even in imperial systems like China and Japan to describe equivalents). But in Britain and Ireland, they are called marquesses (which I always thought was the female equivalent). In reality, the female equivalent is a marquise (everywhere else) or a marchioness (British Isles).

Are you kidding, spell check – these words are ok but not the first 4?

The existence of yet another TIL fixture. (Br.Ch.’s, to be precise. He has more facts per day already although I guess my list isn’t nearly as exhaustive.

What is “Actually, it’s about ethics in games journalism.” ??? (Oh, Gamergate. Meh, a can of worms I don’t really feel like opening. Have fun debating that, folks)



They apparently used a bunch of different poisons like strychnine in medicine before people actually knew what they were doing. I can’t say I’m surprised with that.


electuary: a medicinal paste consisting of powders and sweeteners to hide the taste of the medicine.

Yup, today is the medicine and poison TIL day. Well, something non-medicinal for a change:

ursprache: a proto-language. Anagram of purchaser.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Above_the_line_(filmmaking) and below the line. Interesting terminology.

Also some contranyms are interesting and surprisingly relevant. Does “resign” means leave the team or to sign with a team again? 😛

(I swear that I commented on the contranymness of “sanction” before, but apparently not. Anyway that means both to allow and to prohibit. Yay.)


The progression of Math 54 confuses me. It sprints over the hard stuff and dwells upon the easy stuff for a very long time.


DYK: Category system! A test. I won’t actually implement categories in whole yet.

10-19-2014: [A:P] [E:S] [H:H] [L:D] [L:E] [S:C] [V:L] [V:*] [W:V]

The golf handicap scoring system is partly calculated by taking the average of the best 10 of 20 performances. There’s a whole slope rating and course rating for individual golf courses as well.

Orichalcum is possibly a gold-copper alloy. Probably a cheap alternative to gold. It’s interesting how we have no idea of what metals the ancients were talking about nowadays. Also, the inscriptions on ancient Roman coins have lots of letters for lots of titles. Orichalcum is depicted as pink in Terraria, green in Skyrim, purple in Final Fantasy, cyan in Kingdom Hearts, blue in Dragon Age, silvery in Dragon Quest…

Ok, Guild Wars 2 and Aion get the color right, a mix of coppery brown and gold.

Darn, the LoL – DotA 2 mod isn’t out yet. I would be interested in seeing a “MOBA mashup” between LoL, DotA 2, HoN, Dawngate, Awesomnauts, Smite, Strife, Heroes of the Storm, etc. etc.

The plural for Unix is Unices? That’s interesting. Alumna refers to a female graduate, Alumnus refers to a male graduate. Their respective pluralizations are alumnae and alumni. The pluralization of octopus and platypus are not octopi and platypi due to some Latin rules. (WTF is a declension) Technically their pluralizations should be octopodes and platypodes, though the common pluralization is obviously octopuses and platypuses.

corrigenda: errata (I think this was a spelling bee final word. I’m not certain)

bahuvrihi: a compound word that is neither of its components. e.g. a sabertooth is neither a saber nor a tooth.

clathrate: a chemical substance that traps molecules. (I really should’ve known this word.)

Apparently the Leekspin video (a clip from Loituma looped to Ievan Polkka) does not contain a leek, it contains a Welsh onion. (but I would suspect that Welshonionspin is not nearly as catchy of a name) Incidentally, Welsh onions are neither from Wales nor are they found pervasively in their cuisine. The etymology comes from Old English, where Welsh means foreigner. I’m pretty confused here – are they the foreigners because they largely stemmed from the Romans who did invade the British Isles, or are the Germanic tribes the foreigners (who invaded the British Isles a few hundred years later)? Oh well, I guess you can call anyone who isn’t you a foreigner. Ohey, the previous Celtic tribes in Wales were called the Silures and the Ordovices, which should ring a bell to geological timeperiods.

Also, Ievan Polkka is now the most internationally recognizable Finnish tune.

Technicolor: Taken from Ha.Gu.’s Facebook status, its name is derived from MIT. Additionally: earlier forms of Technicolor had two color channels – red and green. Even with this, the color quality wasn’t that terrible. However there was an interesting technical flaw in Process 2 (obviously, the second iteration of their design). The heat from the projector would deform the film over time, so the film reels would have to be shipped back to the Technicolor laboratories in order to be “flattened” again.

Just two days later, partly thanks to my unfinished category system which I will shamelessly include as part of my wordcount, we hit the next thousand milestone.

Errata (or I should totally use the word corrigenda now), thanks to Je.Wu: I corrected three instances of DYN’s instead of DYK’s. (Two on 10-04, and once on 08-22)


[S:A] [S:B] Famous people (and less famous people too) not only can get their names on asteroids, they can get them on species too! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_organisms_named_after_famous_people I’m pretty sure there are more asteroids though.

[L:D] samizdat: the act of reproducing censored content (especially when referring to censorship in the Soviet regime). It might also refer to the stuff itself?

10-17-2014: Thoroughly random fact of the now: The delirium tremens are basically withdrawal symptoms after alcohol abuse. Isn’t it ironic that there’s a brand of beer named after that? It’s also apparently one of the best beers in the world. Not that I would know.

You can find the closest two points in a set in O(n log n) time. (As opposed to say O(n^2) which is the naive solution.) I suck at informatics ok, this is new to me. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closest_pair_of_points_problem

Another computational geometry thing: You can find the convex hull of a set of points in O(n log n) as well.

We are bad at writing an optimal strategy that gets slightly beaten by other more optimal strategies 😦

Echinodermata had bilateral ancestors but somehow “devolved” back into a radial symmetry. Incidentally, bilateralism occurs largely as a result of nerves concentrating in a specific region (cephalization).

12k Words! Partly due to a very variegated set of facts. I would use eclectic to describe the variety, but all of the facts save for one of them come from Wikipedia. Oh well.

DYK: It’s literally 30 minutes after I wrote the DYK in the previous day’s entry. I have no idea how I organize these entries anymore.

DYK: I just finished bolding the dates, after something like 2 months of saying that I would do that.

DYK: I seriously want to type “DYN” for Did You Know (DYK if you didn’t know that). Acronymizing by pronunciation op!

DYK: Now that that’s done, we’re ready to start the next phase: categorizing past TIL’s by subject matter in order to massively inflate wordcount, as well as to make control-Fing things for specific subjects easier. When I’m sufficiently bored, that is.

10-16-2014: There is a traffic light in Tipperary Hill (in Syracuse, New York) that is upside down. Apparently, it is posited that this is because the community is very Irish-American and they didn’t like the traditional traffic light arrangement (as “the British red was above the Irish green”). However this is problematic for color-blind people. Oops! (There might be special signs warning people about the inverted layout but I’m not sure about this.)

Losing is hard if you try to lose. Losing is easy if you try to win. Losing is nearly impossible when two members of the enemy team decide to AFK.

Ohey, Fangate. Just like a filibuster but for debates. I like the gate suffix that we use for all scandals / near-scandals these days.

DYK: I cut the number of Facebook friends from 784 to 632. Why I decided to do so at 2 in the morning, I have no idea.

That leads to the next DYK: It’s actually 10-17 right now. I’m sorry that I’m kinda cheating.

10-15-2014: Hmmm, a lot less multifacts these days. Oh well. To be precise, multifacts with excessive length, for a reasonable definition of excessive.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square_Kilometre_Array which is proposed to be completed in 2025 would process more data than the combined sum of processed data of all of our computers right now.

More on ruled surfaces. The hyperbolic paraboloid (which is different from the hyperboloid, covered in 09-20’s TIL) is doubly ruled. It is the shape of a Pringle. It’s also called a regulus, which is kinda weird. Interestingly, it is the locus of lines in space that intersect three mutually skew lines.

A protruding pillow can touch the window which has possibly problematic properties.

That last sentence was not intentionally alliterative.

http://caldining.berkeley.edu/menus/late-night-menu-foothill so why are they advertising that most foods have ridiculous daily values like 163% fat or 108% cholesterol or something?

10-14-2014: itertools in Python. Quite useful.

Also, Plato was not Plato’s real name. Interesting.

Canadians celebrate Thanksgiving earlier. Specifically, yesterday.

10-13-2014: The standard Genfunc introduction dice have a name: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicherman_dice .

http://programmingwats.tumblr.com/ halp

Sadly I use the ~ key too often to use it as an autoclicker macro. (It accidentally goes off)

10-12-2014: Remember the musical instrument that runs on water? Its name is neither a hydrophone (that’s an underwater microphone) nor a waterphone (that’s an unrelated weird percussion (?) instrument). It’s a hydraulophone.

10-11-2014: Tectonic plate procedural generation: http://experilous.com/1/blog/post/procedural-planet-generation?utm_source=gamedevjsweekly&utm_medium=email#wrapup

Also saving link for later: http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~amitp/game-programming/polygon-map-generation/

Emscripten + asm.js = C++ => Javascript. Well I guess everything should now be ported to browsers now.

10-10-2014: Oh, this guy was spamming ducks everywhere around the world. http://www.florentijnhofman.nl/dev/project.php?id=79

Artificial turf could be cancerous.

10-09-2014: http://infothread.org/Science/Periodic%20tables/Expanded%20Table%20of%20the%20Elements.jpg is a very comprehensive Periodic Table.

10-08-2014: Drive-in ferris wheels exist ._. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drive-in#mediaviewer/File:Drive-in_Wheel.jpg

Also, being the sheltered person I am, drive-ins exist in general, as opposed to drive-throughs.

Apparently you can become a grandmaster at composing and solving chess problems and studies.

In an apparent class action lawsuit against Red Bull: “A 7 oz. cup of drip coffee contains approximately 115 to 175 milligrams of caffeine, depending on the blend, and a 12 oz. serving of Starbucks coffee costs $1.85 and would contain far more caffeine than a regular serving of Red Bull. An 8.4 oz. can of Red Bull contains 80 milligrams of caffeine.”

Speaking about caffeine, apparently there’s some sort of “sprayable caffeine” that you spray on your skin.

Also, lots of secret menus: hackthemenu.com

Also: observation: there are a ridiculous number of Chinese/Korean smurfs…

Click to access all_in_one_cheat_sheet_v2.6_web.pdf

A math cheat sheet. Or rather, 286  cheat sheets. Good luck carrying that one around.

10-07-2014: So the battery indicator (from my laptop) jumped from 58% to 7%. Well that certainly was misleading.

Also, apparently TED talks also have embedding as well, which is equally strange.

But why then, does the TED talk not embed itself in some other blog?

Also, my LoL sometimes goes soundless which is annoying.

Linguistic prescriptivism vs descriptivism

Also apparently pressing insert works when editing WordPress pages. This is a WordPress thing, not a general Google Chrome thing.

10-06-2014: Everyone knows that pennies are unprofitable to make (something around 1.8 cents per penny) but apparently nickels are too (around 9 cents a nickel). Also, the penny is not actually the official name for the coin (that would be “cent” or “one-cent piece”). The word penny comes from the British coin – which pence is the plural form. (So the TIL there would be: pence singularized is penny)

Also, melting pennies, in addition to being illegal (I think (well, in mass quantities in the intention of selling the metals)) is not profitable: the metal itself costs less money. Ok, caveat: this is only true for the mostly zinc pennies of 1982 and later; earlier copper pennies are indeed profitable to melt down.

Don’t swallow your pennies; it causes damage to the stomach lining.

10-05-2014: Erdos papers yay!

Oh, so Animator vs Animation 4 was actually a new release.

So apparently the Pentium and Celeron designations still exist even now. For really slow processors.

Did you know that this week (October 1 to around 7 or so) Wikipedia’s today’s featured article features articles that start with M? This apparently has happened before, once with P, once with Georges, once with Eagles, and once with a royal straight.

Also, apparently this measurement converter Chrome plugin also converts the 5A at the end of a Youtube link… ok. (Yeah, it converts amperage apparently.)

Apparently SJSU is the top college for getting into Apple. (and 11th for Google, which is still rather surprising)

10-04-2014: Despite trying to rectify this (sometimes in particularly extreme ways, see that long paragraph about 2 weeks ago?) , my wordcount per entry is still rather unimpressive. (In particular, the thing that sparked this – MF (see the fact posted about 1.5 weeks ago) already has 2k words.) However I suppose that if you only take recent facts it’s decently long. Why am I trying to rectify this? Who knows.

Here’s a DYK: typing in p in my Google Chrome taskbar autofills to the page that edits this page.

Here’s another DYK: I’m currently in the process of writing a compendium of all the problems that I’ve proposed over the years.

Who knew that dumping 3 combo problems out of 6 was a really really good thing for me? Not like that happened twice before (ok, 3 times if you count the 2014 IMO which I’m confident that I could’ve golded but ah well)

http://grammarist.com/usage/homogenous-homogeneous/ Oh. Homogenous is misspelled on the Chrome spellcheck though. But it’s the thing I’ve been using despite hearing everyone use the opposite in math discussions and stuff. QQ

This site is pretty interesting. Apparently slew not only means the past tense of slay (for which slayed is now gaining traction) but the meaning “slew of things” is actually informal. It’s also a variant form for slough and slue, the former which I see very very occasionally and the latter which I have never seen ever. (To slue is to turn around.)

“[China] can take a car made by Nissan, change the Nissan badge to a different one, and it’s a brand new car from a different company.”

Unlike English, a fair few other European languages (e.g. French, Spanish, Italian) have an official authority governing the language. They are tasked with publishing an official dictionary in the respective languages.

There are 9 tones in Cantonese (as opposed to 4 in Mandarin… ok maybe 5 if you count the unaccented tone). Apparently three of them aren’t really tones.

Why am I worrying about linguistics when I’m not even taking the class.

Once I saw “solar crowdsourcing” I thought it was fake. It was.

John Stump is actually a real person. Maybe. Probably. That’s from the internet, so I can’t completely unequivocally be sure. Anyway, he’s the guy who wrote those parodizing (that’s my best guess for an adjectival form of parody) pieces of “Death Waltz”, etc. If the source is accurate, apparently he was a musical typographer / typesetter / engraver who sometimes was bored at his job and decided to play around with the typography machines in order to make those weird songs. [e.g. http://lostinthecloud.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/string-qt-556b-pg-1.jpg]. I guess that story makes sense.

On somewhat less silly musicalness, apparently Erik Satie coined the word “Gnossiennes” when naming a type of piece that he composed. In his instructions apparently comes the phrase “arm yourself with perspicacity”, which apparently is also the album name for some folk song group. His “Vexations” hold the title for longest musical performance at around 39 hours straight (to be fair, it is “supposed” to be repeated 840 times).

On once again more silly musicalness, the beginning of the Mission Impossible theme is in 5/4 time signature. The Mario Kart 64 win music is in 11/4 time signature. The Terminator theme is in 13/16 time signature.

Apparently I forgot to mention about Nancarrow earlier, so I’ll do so now. (freaking pi/e time signature……) (That was around late August or early September.)

Out of curiosity, why is Liszt grouped in the Musical Modernism category (on Wikipedia) (with the likes of Bartok, Schoenberg, Stravinsky, but also Nancarrow and Cage)?

After much stretching of this TIL, we hit 11k wheeeeeeee. Almost. Well, now we are. Yay for filler text that is absolutely not a TIL. Like this one.

10-03-2014: Apparently Windows+E opens up Windows Explorer. (haha Windows E get it?) Windows+D opens up the Desktop.

Also, typically homeowners will not buy actual bamboo as ornamentation, as actual bamboo grows too quickly. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracaena_braunii

Oh dear, more computer problems. Overheating >.<

There are firetrucks of many different colors – yellow, purple, blue, etc.

10-02-2014: So apparently I can’t write a team contest of proper difficulty (i.e. middle schoolers). It was because of time pressure!

10-01-2014: Decorators are pretty cool. I just realized that for awhile, I was putting an automatic line break after the date. I assure you that that wasn’t intentional.


No more Windows 9, hello Windows 10. Also yay back to the Start menu!

Apparently it’s because a lot of programmers used the prefix string “Windows 9” to check for Win95 / Win98 compatability. That’s pretty funny.

Not a fact but a funny excerpt: http://www.reddit.com/r/leagueoflegends/comments/2hu0tx/with_the_removal_of_the_institute_of_war_and_the/ckwanmn


More Linear Algebra than my Linear Algebra class would ever teach.

Python is neither pass-by-value nor pass-by-reference. Makes copying arrays super annoying.

How to make a bitmap in Python.


Well, it took 5 openings of the computer but we eventually got the new hard drive to work. Yay.

Some Python file i/o.

Bitcoin stuff: Apparently you’re supposed to hash things such that they end up very small hexadecimally (e.g. 00000000…fa93207ae). Difficulty is how small your threshold is. Given a good hashing algorithm, this is pretty much pure chance. It also means that other cryptographic currencies are probably better because their cryptographic formula is harder to parallelize with special software.


cruft: anything left over, redundant, and getting in the way.

Liechtenstein is in the UEFA but doesn’t have a league system. Therefore they do not get a Champions League spot. Speaking of Champions League spots, their distribution system and multi-tier rounds are pretty crazy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League#Distribution_.282014.E2.80.9315.29

Today’s overkill lemma of the day: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindstr%C3%B6m%E2%80%93Gessel%E2%80%93Viennot_lemma can be used to prove that any matrix generated by taking any square section of a Pascal’s triangle (skewed a bit, true) has determinant of absolute value 1. There’s also the straightforward induction way.

Project Crazy Project: http://crazyproject.wordpress.com/

If you’re replacing a hard drive, DON’T USE WINDOWS BACKUP (Clone the hard disk instead. Get a USB-SATA connector thing.



TLDs (top level domains): .io (e.g. github.io, ocf.io, etc.) is the regional TLD of the British Indian Ocean Territory, which is currently uninhabited except for one atoll of about 4000 inhabitants. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depopulation_of_Chagossians_from_the_Chagos_Archipelago

Other reappropriated regional TLD’s: .gg (Guernsey), .tv (Tuvalu), .fm (Micronesia), .to (Tonga), .ly (Libya). These are considered domain hacks. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_hack

Domain registration happens in several phases for a given TLD. First, there is a sunrise period for which companies can get their brand names. Then there is a landrush period where people can take generic names (e.g. car).

I don’t understand the blogs of some of my followers. I think one of them is in some sort of government class where they’re trying to use blogging as a medium of instruction. And there’s this other guy who’s doing some bible work or somehing.

If your computer is clicking, you can avert disaster by shaking the computer WHILE it’s clicking! (I don’t know how good this is actually for my computer).

For some reason, in the New Tab screen of Google Chrome, one of my most visited links KARL got mutated into KAR. The hard disk failure manifested? Who knows.

It’s interesting when some student in your classroom gives an answer that you don’t understand yourself. I learned about the existence of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rouch%C3%A9%27s_theorem. (No, this is WOOT, not Math 54. Though I’d be equally impressed in the other as well. Maybe not Math 191 since people there probably took some sort of Analysis.)

Cartridges! Also, apparently the Coca Cola Freestyle machine has exactly 126 flavors.

Python 2.x’s xrange() has supplanted Python 3.x’s range(). In other words range() is now an iterator and doesn’t actually generate a list. Yay!

We have now hit 10k words.


COMPSCI (technically, yesterday): So code like total = (min(total,roll) – 1 and total+roll-1) + 1 is clear. (In our defense, we were trying to minimize code length.) And apparently our grader (Ke.Ch. actually) said that our program was the only one without problems. Makes me wonder what possible problems could happen. In other news,

def hailstone(n):
return ((print(n) or n-1) and hailstone((n%2 and 3*n+1-n//2)+n//2))+1

is apparently also another instance of readable code. (Yes, it works the way it’s supposed to work. But readable? Debatable.)

Here’s some more HW snippets (shortened for false sense of brevity and for anti-copying measures)

def p(n):
def pd(r,d):
return (pd(r-1,-d if ((hs(n-r) or ds(n-r) and n>r) else d)+d) if r>0 else d
return pd(n-1,1)

[hs,ds are defined elsewhere]

Also, combinators are pretty tricky. Lambda functions are just too tricky in general. You could probably do you entire homework in lambdas. Apparently some guy from Riot thinks that functional programming is the future of programming. It’s certainly an interesting principle.

It’s fun to plug in your super-compact homework assignments into learnpython. Too bad there’s a 300 item execution limit.

“MATH”: Pronunciation of mathematician last names: http://www2.onu.edu/~m-caragiu.1/bonus_files/Names.pdf

MUSIC: Vospi (You may know him from various things: DJManiax’s Video Out E or Cytus’s Reverence and Do Not Wake) has a website. He is also Russian.

Speaking about Cytus: I did get Million Master on something like 6-7 songs. I’m not that great at this game, they’re all Level 7/8 songs.

REDDIT: /r/badparking

SATIRE: http://oaklandunseen.tumblr.com/

LEAGUE: Patch 4.17 Soraka is pretty fun to play. Lots and lots of reworks. Probably better this than new champions.

I thought I had this fact already but here it is: Imagine Dragons wrote a song for LoL, lol

WORDPRESS: Apparently there’s a new way to edit your posts that’s better than ever before. Except it no longer has the all-important word count. Also it’s strange that you can only access it by editing from your blog, not by creating a new post.

I’ll probably announce the next wordcount milestone (if you haven’t been keeping track of things, I’ve been doing so every 1000  words since around 6k) within a day or two.

SORRY: This is a pretty lame multifact. I’m probably just stretching and overextending my mundane life into this TIL. Oh well.

And/or stretching the word count. You decide.

09-24-2014: Most of the time anime is Japan-produced and then English-dubbed for all of the Americans later. But now it’s happening in the reverse! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RWBY

[Ok, I don’t actually know anything anime-related, nor RWBY-related. Their music is purportedly pretty good though.]

Also, Dr. Sonnhard Graubner is now on Math Stackexchange.


Particularly interesting is one of the offered explanations: abstract reasoning is a recently developed skill and evolution hasn’t optimized it much (if at all) compared to more primal skills like image recognition and motor control.

09-23-2014: Apparently ]a,b[ is valid open interval notation ._.

09-22-2014: iotacism: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iotacism Basically a lot of Greek letters started sounding like iota, especially eta. And then you have iotation.

09-21-2014: This quilt appears to rub off its dye onto me.

An open window attracts insects!

09-20-2014: More words!

syncope: the medical term for fainting

horolophile: a lover of timepieces (probably luxury watch collectors) [I would assume horolophobia would be the opposite, which would be a strange phobia indeed!]

You can scroll up in the textbox by dragging in the textbox but you can’t scroll down. (You can still use the arrow keys though.)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruled_surface (The plane is the only surface for which given any point 3 straight lines contain this point. Drop it to two and you get cases like the hyperboloid surface). See http://www.mouser.com/new/Amphenol/amphenolradsok/ for a practical application of that.

Apparently I actually signed up for Noteflight, about 4 months ago. I just clicked on the activation link today.

You know Heaven’s Gate? Yeah, that suicide cult a long time ago. Apparently their website is still maintained today. And there’s been a lot of SEO involved.



Miss them already? Well fear not, we’re back with a fairly big post just for you! (It’s not nearly as long as the longest post here.)


So apparently while dropping my laptop (for maybe the 7th time) there was a hard drive failure, and turning on the computer was met with some disconcerting clicks. I opened up the laptop (safely) and couldn’t actually figure out how to move the hard drive, so in defeat I reassembled the laptop again. But surprisingly it now works. Ok then!

Normally, while dropping my laptop, one of two things happens. Either nothing happens and my laptop survives the drop or my monitor turns white (with some beeping, possibly). The second one is definitely more serious (than nothing happens) but as it turns out just means that the monitor cable is loose. This is pretty interesting: how does the monitor know that I turned the power on if its connection to the rest of the computer is faulty? The general fix to this is to open up the laptop and just tighten the connection a bit. Which I tried to replicate for the hard drive error and it miraculously worked.

Well, I hope it’s a fix.

Ok it happened again. This time, I decided to take a different route by shaking my laptop vigorously, which worked as well. Hey, I’ll take it.


Not about luggage and stuff, it’s all about math!

Apparently packomania.com has a catalog of packing up to 2600 circles into a larger circle in currently estimated optimal configurations.

Also, if you try to pack 90 circles in a 1×10 rectangle, it turns out that the 3×30 grid formation is not the optimal packing: http://hydra.nat.uni-magdeburg.de/packing/crc_100/crc90_0.100000000000.html

Ok, that makes some sense because you ultimately want to approach a hexagonal packing over a square packing.


Apparently bandy is a sport. An ice sport, which might explain why I didn’t know about it before.

Also, apparently roller derby is also a sport. It’s an all female sport and I’m not sure what to feel about this. I mean, to be fair Muggle Quidditch is also a sport too…

(Before you ask, I went to the Wikipedia category “sports teams founded in 2009” and those were two sports that I didn’t recognize. (And before you ask why I went to that category, I think I was reading about eSports organizations… which are conveniently categorized in that category as well))

Apparently the athlete’s visa for LoL is actually a thing in USA now.

Oh yeah, 14 game winstreaks are really OP. (Silver 2 50 LP -> Gold 5 0 LP) And I literally just played two champions Miss Fortune and Nami (ok fine, I played a game of Blitzcrank too). I think it’s safe to say that my ADC and Support skills are at least low gold. I want to say that they’re a bit higher, but I’m not sure. (And with that, I hope dearly that nobody forces me to go anywhere else :P)


The Miscellaneous Factsheet exists.

This TIL is OVER 9000 words long. Counted by WordPress’s word count thing. Isn’t the italic-underline thing super fancy?

Apparently I use the word apparently a lot in these TIL’s. It makes sense, ok? These facts should become apparent to you once you know them, but you didn’t know them before.

Ohey, it’s another multifact with a differing format from the other multifacts. I wonder when I’ll settle on one format.

09-18-2014: Upon actually rereading my TIL (TYL (?): I primarily read my TIL’s through the editing textbox that WordPress provides and it’s obviously not entirely the same as the webpage – even the “visual” representation is not WYSIWYG.) apparently Youtube videos are automatically embedded, as well as Kickstarter widgets. Ok, Youtube embedding is probably standard, but Kickstarter? No way!

09-17-2014: If you are walking a bike, you are a pedestrian, but if you are biking, you are a vehicle (concerning right-of-way). Also, apparently, a bicyclist (cycling on a bike) has actually killed a pedestrian before.

Anti-tech (I’m not actually sure what the right term is here) parodies:

New game: http://www.gameaboutsquares.com/ (ok on lv33 atm, so this game obviously isn’t impossible.)

I will begin to compile a list of words that Br.Ch. defines. They’re pretty obscure so it’s sort of a TIL.

pretercanine: more than canine

cynosure: something at the center of attention

Also, I just want to keep track of stuff that he posts on his status.

You can pique my interest too if you start up your own obscure word list!

09-16-2014: For some reason, climbing the ladder after getting demoted (TIL: you can demote with Silver 1/2 MMR) is really easy. Gold is incoming again!

09-15-2014: This guy got a bunch of species named after him (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolay_Przhevalsky). I was wondering who the Przewalski’s horse was named after, and it’s this Russian guy. (Note that Przewalski is the Polish form of his name.). But aside from horses, he had a lot more species to his name as well.

Also, lemmings don’t mass suicide, they just have very strong evolutionary urges (that disregard death) to migrate. So they cross rivers that are too wide to cross and lots of them die.

09-14-2014: Another casualty of the “this game is so popular I have to close my game since I can’t handle the pressure!” syndrome: Hacker Experience. (Yes, the first casualty that I knew of was Flappy Bird.)

Oh dear, it appears to have happened to Notch and Minecraft (except he just decided to step down instead)

It’s a lot of free ad revenue guys. FREE INCOME STREAM

09-13-2014: I get a whopping $630/year scholarship for being middle class, ok.

A question: Why does the wifi connection deteriorate over time, forcing me to reset it every so often?

09-12-2014: Apparently about 3200 spam comments have been blocked (I would imagine that most of these since the inception of the 2048 variants page).

Also, lol the 5 million account hack thing. (I knew about this 3 days ago but wordpress decided to remind me again)

These facts are once again reasonably short I suppose.

09-11-2014: European sales taxes are absurdly high. Oh well, I suppose they have to subsidize all of their infrastructure and stuff.

Also, these gummy worms are the best gummy worms I have ever eaten. Too bad they’re ridiculously overpriced as well.

The AoPS classroom is rather advanced! There is in fact a script that is mostly being followed but of course the instructors deviate from it as needed. It’s largely a copy-paste affair. Moderation and answering questions is simultaneously stressful and not stressful.

09-10-2014: My vocabulary is sadly not that great. So you might know this word that I don’t. (as opposed to other words that I post, which hopefully were more obscure) Oh well, time to embarrass myself.

elision: the omission of something, usually a sound (in pronounciation to make something easier to pronounce), but sometimes other things as well. Basically, something that has been elided. Which I didn’t really know either QQ (as in I’ve seen the word around twice but never internalized the definition)

On the subject of languages, there is a reason why French sounds so “elite” – back in the old days, the peasants spoke Old English derived from Germanic languages while the royalty and upper class were the Normans and spoke French. As you know, language (especially English) changes a lot over the years and hence words for cooked foods like pork and beef come from French while the animals they come from (pig, cow) are Germanic. Maybe I totally botched up that explanation. Don’t cite this page on your research paper, guys.

And thanks to the really long “TIL” on 09-07, we have hit the 8k word mark. Onto 9k! (not factorial)

This will eventually become a really long post. (You haven’t seen my longpost most probably, so you don’t know how long I mean by really long)

09-09-2014: Sometimes, you can solve unsolved problems if the unsolved problem is stated incorrectly.

09-08-2014: Apparently one guy was cut from the UFC for running away from his opponent the entire match.

Did YOU know: a lot of these facts come from reading reddit? I don’t actively try to pursue some of these facts, okay?

09-07-2014: These TIL’s have become substantially larger since two weeks ago. (Another week, another 1k words – we hit the 7k wordcount with this post. And already halfway to 8k… Yay this paragraph (or “paragraph”))

I wonder when I’ll stop repeating this fact.

This, however, will be your first time reading this fact (assuming you haven’t already read about this fact (of course)) if you read facts like a normal person. (Who am I kidding, you cannot possibly be a normal person if you’re reading (as opposed to glazing over this wall of text (which you could probably assume is not very relevant (given the sheer number of parentheticals))) this) (That is to say, from newest to oldest (or rather, the oldest one you haven’t already seen (or rather, the oldest one that you don’t remember seeing)). Maybe. I think that’s what a normal person would do when they’re tasked (ok, probably self-imposed tasking) with reading a bunch of chronologically sorted material. I can only think of a few usecases here (probably more now that I actually think about it): Facebook/Reddit/other stuff surfing, Webcomics, and TIL’s like these.) So this is a forewarning that I probably repeat this fact several times in the future (or rather, in the past (to be fair, I might say it again in the future)). This is also a forewarning that I will probably not have any warnings (in the past (of my TIL’s), not the future – but in the future of your readings) regarding the duplication of the TIL’s because I almost never edit past TIL’s. I won’t add an errata for them because it’s not an errata (ok, it’s just a warning that I guess I decided to “omit” by not thinking I’ll repeat the fact (or that that isn’t really worth adding an errata / warning over)) and I’m too lazy. I won’t delete the previous warnings because I want to inflate my word count, which is currently being done by adding a lot of random parentheticals which at least aren’t so nested (since I don’t have Notepad++ to help me count parentheses (ok, fine, I actually do have Notepad++ (but I’m too lazy to use it))). (And I don’t think I screwed up with my parentheses. (Watch me be wrong, yay Murphy’s law.) <- By the way, this (omission of the parenthesis) is intentional (to demonstrate Murphy’s law (You know, everything that can go wrong (here being (wrong means) mismatched parentheses) will go wrong?) of course) You can treat this (referring to <-) as an end parenthesis… ok fine this is bothering me so I’ll just add that here -> ) (Stop treating that thing (again, referring to <-) as an end parenthesis! (please?)) So yeah, they’re not very nested (for suitable definitions of very (and nested (and not))) but there are a decent (ok, maybe a bit more than decent, now that I’ve expanded this several times) fair amount (of course, this is referring to one particular blogger (who could possibly (probably (at some point in time (after I type this)) actually) be reading this right now (this is a figure of speech, of course, of course he isn’t reading this as I type these words (I hope. I really hope.))) with long posts that have lots of parentheticals (something like 19 (stacked all at once, he uses a lot more parentheticals (than 19 (yeah, he’s used more than 19 parentheticals in his life (as well as his blogpost (since the nest is clearly a subset of that post)) yay this is clearly a fact I (or you (or he (referring to the blogger that I was referring to (who could (probably (maybe not when he sees this paragraph) eventually will) be reading this, again))) learned!), perhaps not (I don’t know his everyday parenthetical usage, but he does use a fair bit) compared to this paragraph (compared with using average frequency (you know, parenthetical density (I think it’s like one parenthetical every 5-10 words (which could be verified with some text editor (that I’m not using – I’m using WordPress’s native “text editor”)) in this paragraph)), not absolute frequency (because he probably uses more than ~50 as well)) (or possibly compared to my everyday parenthetical usage (this is not my everyday parenthetical usage (I should know my everyday parenthetical usage! (as if you (the general reader (who is not me)) would know better)) of course), I don’t know)) in general) to be precise? (and yes, he (once again, the referenced blogger) used Notepad++ (I think, it might’ve been some other text editor (and no, I’m not using any Notepad++ right now even though I probably should (because I’m lazy (and that is a trend that you might see in this TIL))))))). Oh yeah, I’m also too lazy to delete things or otherwise edit stuff in previous TIL’s (or maybe it’s to preserve historical authenticity (and that’s why I either add Errata’s or strikethrough erroneous stuff (or maybe comment about it in a future TIL))). I think that was the longest paragraph I’ve ever written in this post. (Yes, I’ve definitely written longer paragraphs in general (I think in school maybe (of course it didn’t have any literary merit (this doesn’t)(and I was probably trolling (I am right now) (or was bored (I am right now)))) or perhaps (man I sound so indecisive (I use a lot of perhaps and parentheticals (both actual parentheticals and parentheticals the word (wait hang on this is irrelevant (just like every other parenthetical (ahahaha pun not intended (or was it? (was it intended, or was it not a pun)))) (but this is actually irrelevant to the indecisive issue))) and of courses (wait doesn’t that make me decisive (oh well let’s be indecisive about being decisive (so being indecisive (so decisive! (I seem to use the word decisive a lot too. But that’s irrelevant (and irrelevant as well, which is irrelevant as well))))))) in this TIL (that isn’t finished yet! I swear there will be a real fact that I learn but I haven’t finished writing this post (well, I am, but I’ll add an actual fact later today (where today means 09-07, after I sleep)))) in a post that I’ve already posted or have not yet posted in my blog)).

Congratulations if you understood every part of that. I probably don’t. The actual fact, if you read the preceding paragraph, has already been indicated that it will eventually be posted later today.

So, the fact.

You can convert classic roguelikes into first person perspective: http://roguetemple.com/z/noteye.php

His other work, HyperRogue is also pretty interesting.

Yeah, I did that because I can. Yay freedom!

09-06-2014: Gibsonized: Referring to a player in a tournament who has prematurely won the tournament by virtue of being so far ahead of everyone else. Probably most relevant to Swiss tournaments (and not Round Robins), and the term apparently comes from a Scrabble player of the name Gibson.

The idea is that a player who has already won has nothing to play for, so the player should not be a deciding factor for everyone else still playing. So the player is either matched with nobody (i.e. a bye), or matched with a player who cannot possibly get a prize.

Fun fact: As I’m typing this from not my laptop, I keep pressing the – button thinking that there’s the End key…

09-05-2014: Smartphones and tablets are getting too advanced.

Related to devices and stuff:

The eighth generation of video game consoles (that is to say, Wii U, Xbox One, and Playstation 4) all use AMD chips. None of the three companies knew that they would all be using AMD chips.

Related to video game console generations:

Dang, I never knew that Playstation 4 came out so recently. I thought it was a lot earlier.

Also, say goodbye to the triopoly of Sony, Nintendo, and Microsoft. A lot of advanced weird stuff is coming to town. (Man, Sega died back in the sixth generation. Those were some fun times, even if it was mostly Sonic and stuff)

Related to triopolies:

Yes, that’s a word that I’m pretty sure I used correctly.

It’s also a board game. Monopoly but with three boards stacked on top of each other. 3 boards. 3 dimensions.

Also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trimulcast

I’m guessing that’s a play on “simulcast”? Yes it is. But it’s not mentioned anywhere on the Simulcast page. But it is mentioned on this similar page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duopoly_(broadcasting)

I think I’ll stop the related chain here.

09-04-2014: And now I’m behind on the TIL.

Evoland (originally the Ludum Dare game which won LD24) got a full-fledged game? And now they’re making a sequel? Interesting.

Although to be fair, the gameplay of the full-fledged game is not actually that great. It’s funny, and I’m divided over whether it was meant to be a satire or a homage 😦

It’s kinda like Upgrade Complete in that sense. Not that interesting gameplay but constantly evolving. The theme is clear (and a bit overused at times (just like Upg. Comp.)) but the game isn’t really that compelling to play past that. Although I have a feeling that Upgrade Complete is a parody, and not a homage. It’s harder to tell with Evoland. It wants to be a homage but it’s a shallow one at that.

Darn, it’s really hard to tell between a bad homage and a satire. 😦

Hopefully Evoland 2 will be better.

09-03-2014: So apparently Capri-Suns have clear undersides now. I am definitely reassured to see that I’ve been drinking yellowish fruit punch all this time.

RANDOM COMPLAINT MINIBLOG TIME: (No, the caps do not mean anything about the intensity of my feelings. Just a denotator (I’m actually pretty mellow right now. As always.)) I have no idea why WordPress sometimes says “Are you sure you want to do this? Please try again” and then I lose a lot of my progress (which, being a miniblog, is admittedly not much).

09-02-2014: Axiom of Choice antics: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/371184/predicting-real-numbers

Knowledge stuff: 1) learn to Unix terminal. A bit. 2) learn to SSH tunnel and stuff. 3) Ok so those problem set problems I couldn’t do were open problems.

I still do not know the cause of lag at the end of the day.

09-01-2014: Despite having exactly the same size at each iteration, shifting where you take out your segment (in the asymmetric Cantor set) changes the Hausdorff dimension.

I know this already, but isn’t it interesting that the rationals are dense, yet the Cantor set is nowhere dense? (The Cantor set is uncountable whereas the rationals are.)

This is perhaps the most tables I have seen in a Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percolation_threshold

There are also a ton of references.

I also learned that you can effectively force endless pokemon battles. Struggle is not enough.

Why are random things being spellchecked? (like “edia” from Wikipedia) This is not a TIL.

I guess this is starting to become a random observation miniblog as well.


Taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feferman%E2%80%93Sch%C3%BCtte_ordinal:

Γ0 is sometimes said to be the first impredicative ordinal, though this is controversial, partly because there is no generally accepted precise definition of “predicative”. Sometimes an ordinal is said to be predicative if it is less than Γ0.”

`Apparently people really hate cilantro. Is cilantro production really that large of California’s agricultural output?

Also apparently Lord Kelvin thought the world was 400 million years old. Then he revised his estimate downwards. To 100 million years old. And then again to 20 million years.

Radioactivity changes everything! (pun not intended)

I was confused as to why they suddenly stopped talking about William Thomson to Lord Kelvin. (they’re the same guy)

And apparently there’s only one Lord Kelvin. They stopped the usage immediately after.

Also fun fact: I wrote about 1000 words of TIL in the space of around a “week”. That’s quoted because well I guess these dates are actually meaningless.`

08-30-2014: I am no longer buffered. Yay?

I’m not sure whether I’m happy about that or not to be honest. I guess these TIL dates might be more honest now.

You cannot have four squares in a (non-constant) arithmetic progression.

08-29-2014: Ok, let’s be fair about these multifacts. I do permit myself to post them as per the description above.

I just realized that 1) the description might change and 2) it won’t be directly above for much longer. So in the interests of needlessly expanding this post, I will copy the above statement for future reference.

“I will now maintain this list of one or more fact that I learn each day, or in a few days around that range. (in the event of a buffer, for instance.) It’s a daily miniblog of sorts.”

Onto the fact of the day. Or maybe multiple facts. I don’t know.

Solarization is identical to the Sabattier effect but only when referring to photo negatives.

(Errata: these terms should be swapped. Sorry!)

(Note on Errata: yeah, I’m expanding the post by not ninja-editing out the post. Yay words!)

For reference, the actual statement should read:

The Sabattier effect is identical to solarization but only when referring to photo negatives, though the term is improperly used elsewhere. Nowadays people solarize things to make things look cool, maybe.

A grand total of two people have gotten 32k’s in 2048. Legitimately. I think.

Darn, I can’t complete this homework assignment. At least I don’t have to complete it (and just demonstrate effort)!

(Let’s be fair, I probably did a lot more of that assignment than others.)

Man, college is fun with all the lack of homework.

08-28-2014: The following OEIS sequence has two terms.


It is believed to be infinite…

Also apparently the abc conjecture implies that the complement of this set is infinite (with respect to primes).

Yes, the complement of a set that currently has 2 elements.

08-27-2014: Fun fact: Wikipedia distinguishes between




[One refers to the length, and the other refers to semiconductor technology.]

Fun fact: Here is another example of Frequentist vs Bayesian statistics:

A coin is biased. What is the probability that it will come up heads when tossed?

  • Bayesian: 1/2
  • Frequentist: Not 1/2

Yea, there’s also that xkcd thing.

Fun fact: There is a pretty distinctive “optimal maximum” number of hard crowd control effects that your team should have before it starts to become detrimental (due to the lack of damage).

Fun fact: Has the bronze ban meta evolved past season 3? It’s an interesting phenomenon that even now silver is no longer banning like bronze (unlike before, which they pretty much did)

Fun fact: I guess I’m just piling on multifacts to boost the wordcount.

Fun fact: About 10% of the words are found in 1% of the TIL’s

Fun fact: That’s still not too bad as far as inequality goes.

Fun fact: The layout of this multifact is different from the other multifacts (and the other two are distinct as well since one is a lot more vertical than the other)

08-26-2014: 1) Facebook debates are a very interesting phenomenon.

2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximation_exponent#Irrationality_measure

2.1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thue%E2%80%93Siegel%E2%80%93Roth_theorem

3) Another TIL renovation will be coming up shortly, namely categorization of TIL’s by topic.

4) Why BOINC? Why are you giving me a Chinese webpage?

4.1) Oh, apparently my browser is defaulted to Chinese?

5) No, this is not going to become a super long multifact T_T

5.1) Uh oh…

08-25-2014: The exposure time for the Hubble Extreme Deep Field was 2,000,000 seconds long.

I guess it also makes sense that stuff gets redshifted out of the visible light range when you’re really far away.

08-24-2014: This is the first time that my “fact” “buffer” has extended for 3 days. Forward!

The TIL (I guess it’s unfair to buffer indefinitely, so I’ll just dump a lot of facts):

1) JQuery [Continuous]

1.1) RCWebs! could start off as an incremental game. Tacked onto multiplayer eventually.

1.1.1) I mean, I guess you could argue that Research Complete taken singleplayer IS an incremental… No, an incremental is not necessarily a Cookie Clicker clickfest game. I will try to make clicks relatively intelligent decisions that require more thought than minmaxing ROI. I’ve seen a few types of incrementals: Clickfests (Cookie Clicker, most games of the type) – 95% of these are actually dumb The rest are buoyed by the fact that they have some weird redeeming aesthetic. For example, Derivative Clicker. RPGs (Realm of Decay, Candy Box) – have a fighting element. Civ Builders (CivClicker, Kittens Game) – typically allow you to assign population to stuff, things can die, etc. RCWebs! will be one such game Some new innovative ones I’ve seen include an “artificial selection” simulator.

2) Apparently the Xfinity Wifi page actually checks whether the MAC address matches your chip MAC address. So you can’t just change the portal query, you have to change the chip MAC address. More investigation required. [8-22]

3) So there’s an Innovation AI program (original only) [8-16]

3.1) It’s pretty decent.

3.1.1) Then again, playing random cards is not a terrible strategy if you have no idea what you’re doing as well. Sort of reminds me of Dominion Big Money.

4) Did you know that this page just broke 5000 words? Yeah, neither did I. Until now. Yep, it’s a TIL! [8-22]

4.1) This entry was about 300 words long.

4.1.1) This was not completely accidental No, the number of words is not special. I used the word “about” for a reason. The general length thing just sort of “happened”…

4.2) For comparison purposes, TIL has lasted for about 8 months (a bit over, so let’s call that 250 days). The average entry is apparently 20 words long. Which is weird, because most entries aren’t! I always thought they were simple one-liners or even a single Wikipedia link.

5)  I guess this sort of makes the dates irrelevant…

6) Skype Wifi is more expensive than what Comcast offers you… (19 cents a minute versus 3 dollars an hour)

7) Man, this really isn’t a TIL entry. Oh well.

7.1) Maybe I should adopt something like this format, by conglomerating my added knowledge base from, say, a week, into a freeform list format.

7.1.1) But that would be too hard for me to remember. It’s already hard enough to remember stuff from a day ago.

7.1.2) Incidentally, this is approximately what that Trivium page is like, except with random links. Let’s be honest, half of these things are random links.

8) This TIL entry is now finally finished.

08-23-2014: Hmm, apparently techno.org got taken down. Where will I get my Ishkur’s electronic guide now?

08-22-2014: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umbral_calculus

DYK? I’m now in the process of bolding the dates. I’m lazy so I’ve only done this to the end of May. It will eventually get done, I promise.

08-21-2014: I might have some sort of interesting (?) original (?) research.

Where was that last year T_T

Since I don’t want to divulge details too much: Given some reasonable assumptions in a somewhat simplistic model, economic inequality will tend towards infinity over time (in the sense that one entity’s proportion of wealth tends towards 1)

08-20-2014: You can bypass xfinitywifi’s complimentary pass restriction (1 hour / day, 2 hours / month) by changing your computer’s MAC address.

08-19-2014: I have now watched Frozen 0.25 times.

08-18-2014: Refrigerator policy is hard.

08-17-2014: After 3 promo series, we’re finally here!


1) I started each promo series with a win, and then a loss. Effectively simplifying the Bo5 promo series into a Bo3 division promo.

2) My first promo was on 8-15, then 8-16, then 8-17. It didn’t take very long to recover my losses.

3) I finished my first promo 1-3 (WLLL), second promo 2-3 (WLWLL), and third promo 3-2 (WLWLW).

4) I was sitting at around Top 29% when I was Silver 1 100 LP. Now I’m at Top 27% at Gold 5 0 LP. A lot of people are doing their promos or are currently stuck in “Div 5 0 LP” elo hell.

08-16-2014: I guess I can still somewhat stand on my own in science quiz bowl questions.

08-15-2014: seigniorage: the difference between the value of a currency and the value required to produce it.

08-14-2014: Liron Shapira is a troll. Maybe he’s just really really controversial.

I don’t really understand the  basis for a low-carb diet but OK.

In other news, apparently a 777 pound cheeseburger was once made.

08-13-2014: Will the inability to play a new champion be stronger than the inability to play against a new champion?

08-12-2014: Wow, CiSRA was canceled ;_;

08-11-2014: Supposedly, barnacles eat or otherwise metabolize their brains when entering adulthood. I don’t have any Wikipedia article to back this up, so I don’t know of its veracity.

It does undergo metamorphosis which is a really weird process in general. How does a random soup of stuff manage to retain memory? (More generally, not just barnacles – I assume that if they really do metabolize their brains, they can’t remember things.)

08-10-2014: Having a deep conversation about the weather is hard. But probably possible. I wonder if there exists anything that is totally devoid of any possible symbolism.

08-09-2014: Why do I consistently fall asleep (well, doze off) in lectures (for some period of time)? Darn.

Incidentally, I do not fall asleep in classes.

08-08-2014: Apparently a “bulb” is a specific type of “lamp” in technical terms.

08-07-2014: Power saver option reduces wifi performance.

08-06-2014: I can tell that when I go to the university proper, I will definitely need an ethernet cable. The internet drops quite often.

08-05-2014: Darn, got baited by the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dollar_auction.

08-04-2014: XKCD’s Click and Drag (#1110) is not entirely grayscale.

08-03-2014: The more you think about infrastructure like the highway system and the internet, the more you should be amazed.

08-02-2014: Apparently wikipedia changed to https.

08-01-2014: Observation: it’s pretty bad to play LoL at 3, 4, or even 5 AM since you could be facing refreshed East coasters. Conversely, 11 PM – 1 AM is a pretty good time to do so because you’re still relatively fresh. [If you’re on the East coast, you should probably play in the morning.]

07-31-2014: July has 31 days. Transcripts are really annoying!


07-30-2014: I seem to be good at independently coming up with random conjectures. (NOT THE SOLUTION OF COURSE)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadwiger_conjecture_(graph_theory) is today’s.

07-29-2014: You can actually bring in as much money in and out of America as you want. Just have to declare it.

07-28-2014: idiolect: The speech of an individual, considered as a linguistic pattern unique among speakers of his or her language or dialect.

07-27-2014: Well things just got pretty interesting quickly.

07-26-2014: DDG > Google regarding proxy bypassing

07-25-2014: I am lucky with Typhoon Matmo.

First, our flight doesn’t get cancelled or delayed since it was sufficiently late that it missed the rain, and sufficiently early that it also missed that other crash.

Now the typhoon decides to circle around China hitting everything but Shanghai.

I should clearly invest in the lottery. Oh wait, it’s called the stock market now.

07-24-2014: China’s Music Radio advertising tune bears a striking resemblance to Virgin America’s safety video.

07-23-2014: The best part of Taiwan is literally their airports. SO GOOD

07-22-2014: Taiwan has some strange obsession with disfigured stuff.

07-21-2014: Who knew? Better internet, better results. I can now also be funny in Chinese.

07-20-2014: This is the first time I’ve crossed the Tropic of Cancer.

I don’t travel much.

07-19-2014: Kittens Game. Have fun

07-18-2014: Dang, Malaysia Airlines must be really unlucky.

07-17-2014: I retract 07-08-2014’s TIL, but as long as you have wifi you probably don’t need an ethernet cable.

Also, I guess breaking that AC adapter to unground it was a serendipitous occurrence. Some hotels simply don’t have grounded ports.

07-16-2014: Who knew that internet would be more stable for Chinese websites in China, than American websites in China???

Apparently that transoceanic internet backbone isn’t THAT op.

07-15-2014: Hmm so apparently Teamviewer interferes with China internet stuff hugely.

07-14-2014: The Union Jack (UK flag) is basically England’s flag and Ireland’s (old) flag on top of Scotland’s.

07-13-2014: So apparently my great-great-grandfather was significantly taller than me ._. (bear in mind that this was 100+ years ago where people were generally shorter back then)

07-12-2014: Chickens taste like frogs, except more stringy.

Ok fine, I didn’t eat chicken for the first time. Frogs though. Sort of a cross between a chicken and a fish. Turtles are sort of leathery, harder to compare. Eels are long. Mostly fishy but have a slight bitterness. Oh well.

07-11-2014: Duff’s device, and variadic functions

07-10-2014: noooooooooo Cytus deletes high scores upon rebooting

Also osu!ios (the jailbreak version) crashes on load with certain maps and I can’t seem to pin down an exact reason. Did I mention that hitting the x2 button on the iPad while playing osu!ios is annoying?

07-09-2014: Yay people lipsynching

07-08-2014: Some hotels advertise wifi but don’t actually have it. Fortunately every hotel has an ethernet cable.

07-07-2014: And they (referring to tour guides) really want your money even if it’s not upfront.

07-06-2014: It seems as if every Chinese hotel has a card-activated power system. I suppose it saves on electricity costs.

At the same time, while they do offer US-style power outlets in addition to their own (more like a cross between the two), it often doesn’t have space for a ground. So yay my laptop outlet got “ungrounded” due to potential negligence. “Foresight” ftw

07-05-2014: Crosswords are fun

07-04-2014: Darn this China firewall is actually kinda annoying. And pretty ineffective to be honest – why block Google and WordPress and not Reddit? (If you’re keeping score at home, you can see that I’m posting from WordPress – clearly I’ve circumvented it :P)

07-03-2014: Apparently, in Denmark, you can watch 19 seconds of a movie for every person you meet legally, which conveniently makes torrenting movies with a large number of seeders legal.

07-02-2014: Remember Ball Revamped? Yeah, that really really old game.

I originally identified the Boss music in Ball Revamped 2 as part of “Our Darkness” by Anne Clark (incidentally, by stumbling upon it on Youtube and going “hey this sounds familiar”)

Well now I found another one. The starting levels of Gemini (Part II of Ball Revamped 3) take a clip from Mirko Frank’s Ferry Boat Trip (http://www.beatport.com/track/ferry-boat-trip-original-mix/4482353). This clip can also be seen in Cytus’s “Darkness”

Wait scratch that. This album came out in 2012, BR3 was release around 2004 or 2005. I guess Frank decided to take some creative license in taking snippets of previous sounds. The mystery continues.

07-01-2014: Today was the first time I dreamed about this blog page. No, really. Something about someone criticizing that this page was too personal, lol

So yeah, I put another personal fact, yay!

Uh… a non personal fact. The World Cup 2006 (Teamgeist) and 2010 (Jabulani) balls are not of the same 32 panel design that we are familiar with (in the shape of an truncated icosahedron), they’re 14 panel (in the shape of a truncated octahedron).

06-30-2014: 1-1 the NA dream again

06-29-2014: Apparently there is a mandatory retirement age of 45 for FIFA referees.

06-28-2014: What a perfect day!

Ok, fine. Jet lag seems to take effect after 2-3 days but not the first day

06-27-2014: everything is aweeeeeeeeesome http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everything_Is_Awesome

So that’s where the puzzlehunt name came from.

06-26-2014: lololol “USA wins 0-1”. Also wtf SFO free wifi is really good

06-25-2014: gg deadlines should not be pushed early.

06-24-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C2%B11-sequence yet another deceptively simple conjecture that is… well, a conjecture

06-23-2014: Stronghold Kingdoms seems to hit the mark for what I would envision Research Complete! to be! Well… except it’s too much of a tedious grindfest, and it’s only medieval-themed. And quite pay-to-win. Oh well, you can’t win them all.

06-22-2014: polleverywhere.com

06-21-2014: Amazon pricing bots: apparently there are some bots that price slightly above the lowest price (with the sole intention of reselling), and other bots that try to undercut these bots. The result is, if the parameters are right, an infinite loop of ever escalating prices.

06-20-2014: For some reason I’ve won the last six games as Ezreal (all since patch 4.10) despite not actually getting the 4.10 mana item until long after I’ve snowballed… [Maybe it’s the Doran’s blade change, but I kinda doubt it]

06-19-2014: Other people playing mafia… /facepalm

06-18-2014: It really took that long for http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanishing_foam to become a thing?

06-17-2014: http://actuarygambler.blogspot.com/ another take on World Cup stats

06-16-2014: “Butthurt” scientists: You may have heard of Nobel not making a prize for math because he hated a mathematician, but apparently the chemist who synthesized novocaine, Alfred Einhorn, wanted his invention to be used for amputations, but surgeons preferred general anesthetics rather than the local anesthetic that novocaine was. Instead novocaine was picked up by the dentistry department and Einhorn toured various dentistry schools advising students not to use it.

06-15-2014: WTF “international checkers” is ridiculous, the king looks so op http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_draughts

06-14-2014: I consistently forget to set my Nid skin 😦

06-13-2014: People can’t seem to understand the fact that I do not put apps onto my 2048 directory.

06-12-2014: The empty set notation was first used by Nicolas Bourbaki. The only thing is, Bourbaki was a fictitious mathematician. (Ok, he had a group of mathematicians who wrote under his name.)

06-11-2014: Apparently the Princess Bride logo on the 20th anniversary edition is an ambigram.

06-10-2014: Hmm how do I recognize so many Hans Zimmer movie soundtracks despite not having ever watched the respective movies? This either shows how the media is so pervasive when using these songs (I could see how e.g. Tennessee from Pearl Harbor could be in this category), the songs come from familiar tunes, or the tunes are so catchy that I have already internalized the songs as having “recognized” them. Also, IMO Inception’s complexity is overrated; it’s not actually that complex to follow if you watch the movie carefully. Critically, I suppose. [The movie itself was pretty good, though. This was of course my first time watching it.]

06-09-2014: People use both free rein and free reign apparently. (Well I don’t think anyone is bad enough to use “free rain”.) I mean, both words would make sense in the phrase – do you have free rein as in “you aren’t reined in” or free reign as in “you can reign however you want”?

06-08-2014: People are offended by historical things that happened 50, 70 years ago.

06-07-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Prismatic_Spring, and how the formation of the coloration is due to bacteria and temperature.

06-06-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pando_(tree) clonal colonies op

06-05-2014: Bats make up 20% of mammalian species (second to rodents). There are two suborders of bats, the megabats and the microbats. Some species of megabats are smaller than some species of microbats.

06-04-2014: The fine-structure constant apparently changes in high-energy interactions.

06-03-2014: Apparently BackTrack was superseded by a new Kali distro.

06-02-2014: Fun fact! Apparently when the school internet is good (because the routers suck) you can get up to around 1.5 MB/sec download speeds! (Yeah, MB not Mb) [Wow if you’re right next to the router you can get 3+ MB/sec!]

06-01-2014: I’m not sure why there’s a distinction between Piemontese and Piedmontese (basically stuff that comes from Piedmont, a region in Italy)

05-31-2014: The blue side advantage is slightly more profound with skill-shot based, long ranged poke champions (Jayce, Nidalee) and less so with point-and-click champions (e.g. Taric, Kayle, Riven). By altering to compensate you could win 3-4% more games!

05-30-2014: The most common type of punched cards were the IBM 5081, which had 80 columns. Due to this, many consoles have a default character width of 80 today.

05-29-2014: lol IPSC is such a troll

05-28-2014: If you remove the ground plug, you can plug your thing upside down and it still works.

05-27-2014: Even though I knew this slightly (maybe 2-3 weeks ago) earlier: did you know that Korean websites are typically optimized for Internet Explorer?

05-26-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bechdel_test

05-25-2014: Apparently you get positive expectation on the Powerball at around a $400 million jackpot. (Note that this number takes account for splitting the jackpot.) [which the jackpot has gone over this amount, but only up to around $600 million]

05-24-2014: TVtropes apparently make it a point to make Chekhov’s gun basically Chekhov’s everything. And more similarly named tropes.

05-23-2014: Most startups seem to have good food.

05-22-2014: Darn is HSBC a Hong Kong bank or a UK bank :/

05-21-2014: Russia has a larger land area than Pluto.

05-20-2014: Selling lemonade is apparently illegal in certain parts of the US (and enforced, too)

05-19-2014: cromulent: fine/authentic/legitimate. (coined 1996) I guess it’s a real word now.

05-18-2014: Ferrocerium, found in those flint strikers, and various other fire applications, contains more lanthanum than iron, which you would assume is a primary component along with cerium (which is still first). Apparently similarly, neodymium magnets can also spark quite violently when broken.

05-17-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elysia_chlorotica and some other sea slugs that incorporate the chloroplasts of the algae that they eat.

05-16-2014: Squaric acid is a square!

05-15-2014: So apparently UNIX time 1,400,000,000 happened not too long ago (around 3 days ago). Cue someone else’s angry rant of how base 10 is completely not special. [I noticed this when on the UNIX time wiki page it said something like 1,400,150,000 or so]

05-14-2014: Tagalog is the third most common language in California wat (Chinese only in NY)
(source: http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2014/05/language_map_what_s_the_most_popular_language_in_your_state.html)
05-13-2014: Darn, got baited by a virus (that I easily cleaned so no worries.)

Random notes:

1) explorer.exe was taking up 50% of the CPU

2) Playing LoL on top of that is not a good idea and crashed the computer

3) Change the processor affinity to only 1 (of 4) cores = instant 25% CPU!!11!!1!

05-12-2014: Maybe this thing is going to be updated every half month >.>

With that said, it’s really annoying to have half of your search history on one computer and half on the other.

05-11-2014: tylervigen.com – Spurious correlations

05-10-2014: Apparently it is an English rule that you can’t have three consecutive letters in a row. (A hyphen is mandatory)

05-09-2014: Puzzles are hard 😦

05-08-2014: New default subreddits? A really weird collection at that. [I’ve decided to subscribe to /r/dataisbeautiful and I think that’s about it. The only other default I subscribe to is /r/AskReddit.]

05-07-2014: Why do all of these puzzle hunts have 2048 variants? And doge memes.

05-06-2014: No stream? No problem just watch a stream of someone else streaming.

05-05-2014: I really don’t get why people find it impressive to use practice mode to get high 2048 scores

05-04-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_seam_fire and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centralia_mine_fire

05-03-2014: Darn you can’t use a credit card to pay off another credit card for free stuff

05-02-2014: Biohacking is kinda weird.

05-01-2014: The “Third World” designation comes from the Cold War (First World ~ capitalist economies, Second World ~ communist economies, Third World ~ primitive economies, Fourth World ~ uncivilized native tribes) And then there’s 5th world + which is just weird.

04-30-2014: So 3D printing pens are basically hot glue guns with different materials?

04-29-2014: I got it down to around 7 sec single 10.5 sec A05.

04-28-2014: What is going on with these player swaps right now

04-27-2014: ULA. Interesting.

04-26-2014: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Venus_Project oh boy

04-25-2014: Drophacks pls

04-24-2014: Speed sliding! Online! http://mzrg.com/js/fifteen.html

[First day: Single 10.559 Ao5 13.9 A12 15.2 A50 17.3 A100 17.7]

04-23-2014: Why is reddit so fond of lyrical music (going by even their /r/electronicmusic)

04-22-2014: yairkoas1.wix.com/internationalmao#!about/c4nz (Yes, there’s apparently some International Mao Federation that regulates their “standard rules”.)

04-21-2014: Wow zero project music is so sad.

04-20-2014: Subtlety is too subtle

04-19-2014: In addition to Haskell and Curry, two programming languages, apparently there’s also Brooks (Haskell Curry’s middle name)

04-18-2014: Apparently real life (Ukraine) affects eSports

04-17-2014: http://www.reddit.com/r/A858DE45F56D9BC9/new/ so I might have a hunch that these might be /r/all posts hashed through MD5 but this is a pretty elaborate troll.

04-16-2014: Darn why do these demoscene (thanks Se.Li. for the keynote btw) music people not make any more music outside demoscene? You’d imagine that it’d be easier to do it in a space of more than 64k

04-15-2014: Shockwave Flash has crashed but my Youtube video is still running? … they’re using HTML5 now!?

04-14-2014: You can do a lot with 64kb. Even 4kb. With 1kb that’s stretching it a bit.

04-13-2014: society’s perception of math is pretty dumb lol

04-12-2014: lol google code jam 0 ideone 1

04-11-2014: memory is hard

04-10-2014: I’m not sure why there are a bunch of libertarians who are clogging up my facebook newsfeed. Heck, why are there libertarians (who almost always happen to be the most fanatical politics-wise) in my school I don’t get it

04-09-2014: ATHEISTIC + E = AESTHETIC + I [ = ANESTHETIC – N + I]

Also, apparently http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9vi-Strauss is an anthropologist.

04-08-2014: /r/webgames > /r/2048 in terms of viewership by a lot (but apparently it got taken down later on? I guess this blog isn’t a game.)

04-07-2014: Darn the jubeat2048 version doesn’t have very many songs (and recognizable either)

04-06-2014: DROD is too hard

04-05-2014: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg Well, I’m only 2 weeks late on this one

04-04-2014: You can compose mail without looking at your inbox https://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=cm&fs=1&tf=1&shva=1

04-03-2014: 10k views/day for this, wow.

04-02-2014: After around 4 months, I finally fail to update within a week.

04-01-2014: URF MODE

03-31-2014: There are always loopholes in a system large enough.

03-30-2014: Random picture generators. Used for layout design apparently.

03-29-2014: Viewership declines sharply on weekends. I would’ve expected the opposite trend.

03-28-2014: Minecraft convention scam, hmm.

03-27-2014: https://gun.io/blog/openspritz-a-free-speed-reading-bookmarklet/ | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saccade

03-26-2014: Take the midpoint of all sides and iterate; you will always end up with an ellipse of some sort. (It’s intuitive yes, but it’s still pretty cool) http://www.jasondavies.com/random-polygon-ellipse/

03-25-2014: And by extension, http://dinopoloclub.com/minimetro/

03-24-2014: http://www.newsblur.com/site/863/trivium Interesting news format. Also I got there by trackbacking inbound links. Yep, you guys are getting the love too.

03-23-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caustic_(optics)

03-22-2014: While simple suspension bridges follow the catenary (which apparently is of form A*cosh(x/A)), suspension bridges with a supporting cable (and a flat road) have a parabolic cable.

03-21-2014: 1 is a named constant: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legendre%27s_constant

03-20-2014: 2048 variants seems to have given me twice as much viewership than all ~700 other days of my blog’s existence.

03-19-2014: The TIME person of the year was instated partly because Charles Lindbergh was not featured on the front cover when he made his transatlantic flight (so they could put him on the front cover at the end of the year)

03-18-2014: OEIS was established 1964?

03-17-2014: Apparently you can have multiple instances of Elements, but you’ll lose your progress somewhat. Possible spin abuse, maybe, but idk

03-16-2014: Khinchin constant

03-15-2014: NA isn’t that bad after all

03-14-2014: Eulerian number triangle

03-13-2014: Oh, exhaust doesn’t affect true damage.

03-12-2014: Some people manage to survive very long falls

03-11-2014: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. is apparently now headquartered in Chicago.

03-10-2014: twss-classifier.heroku.com

03-09-2014: Quine relays.

03-08-2014: Buy 32 shen jian bao from SoCal, consume in one meal oops [To be fair, that’s $30, so it’s about on par with fast food]

03-07-2014: Ties are hard

03-06-2014: Out of x universities I still think UNL food is the best lol

03-05-2014: There’s pump and dump, and there’s short and distort.

03-04-2014: http://www.timeplots.com/

03-03-2014: (Akari: 2:25.41 -> 2:07.20) Karma still sucks

03-02-2014: Topgot OP

03-01-2014: yourlogicalfallacyis.com

02-28-2014: Final list of 2014 AMC 12A perfect scorers: everyone who made USAMO in 6th grade (Da.Wu., Le.Ch., Al.So.)

02-27-2014: I made USAPhO semis…!? Also, surprisingly high overall finish in HMMT. Weird.

02-26-2014: The Pochhammer symbol is basically just (x)_n = gamma(x+n)/gamma(x). It’s also what you get in Wolfram Alpha, in many cases. Well, now you know.

02-25-2014: RNGplayspokemon > Twitchplayspokemon

02-24-2014: The plan has REALLY failed.

02-23-2014: Virgin America is early, not just on time

02-22-2014: Exeter isn’t invincible in the Guts round

02-21-2014: People are sooooo addicted to Frozen. And Worm.

02-20-2014: IKEA is an acronym: IK is the founder’s initials, E is the initial of the farm that he grew up, and A is the town.

02-19-2014: Cookies are too strong. If this persists to Monday, I’m going to call black magic.

EDIT: BLLLAAACKKKK MAGIC (although others can logon too, lol)

02-18-2014: The plan has partly failed.

02-17-2014: Schoolloop has an (admittedly bad) message board.

Wait, are you supposed to use a/an based on any parentheticals or do you ignore them? Hmm.

02-16-2014: There exist multiple people who have “qualified for USAMO in 6th grade” and “perfected 2014 AMC12A”.

02-15-2014: Did you know? http://www.ma.huji.ac.il/hart/papers/n-colors.pdf was #15 on SMT’s team round. Also, #10 on AT was an HMMT Guts round question once.

02-14-2014: Start in Silver V, go 7-3 in placements = Bronze I (!?)

(Don’t worry I climbed out of Bronze pretty quickly after.)

02-13-2014: Banana ripening plants are dangerous. http://www.chemaxx.com/explosion17b.htm (Ok, it’s ethylene, so it’s not THAT surprising.)

02-12-2014: Chinese clone phones? Just add a sticker.

02-11-2014: A solidus is “/” (I knew this); it is also a curve on a phase diagram for which a substance is completely solid. (I didn’t know this) It’s apparently also a Roman coin.

Yes, the liquidus is exactly what you think it means. (in the chemistry context, that is)

02-10-2014: http://bywayofcontradiction.com/ is an interesting site with counterintuitive puzzles. Pretty new though, only around 20 posts.

02-09-2014: Idle Game Maker is a thing. (Much like Puzzlescript.) http://orteil.dashnet.org/experiments/idlegamemaker/

02-08-2014: Hmm, I wonder how much TIL this is rather than a miniblog. Tiramisu is a good contact word. As a food, meh I don’t particularly like the coffee taste. 6/10

02-07-2014: Tax forms are confusing.

02-06-2014: This E/M stuff isn’t hard yet; it’s just taking a simple integral. Also, capitals are hard.

02-05-2014: Taking the median of a survey of 0 to 10 and getting 10? That only says that 50% of the respondents said 10, and nothing about the other respondents. Isn’t this supposed to be a camp on rationality and cognition?

02-04-2014: Flagless Akari! Since everything is faster flagless, apparently.

02-03-2014: I am pretty good at low-skillcap contests. i.e. this year’s AMC12A. [Also, 2011 AMC12A.] (Not that I’m *bad* at harder contests, just it takes a longer amount of time comparable to “normal” math competitors, so the advantage is lost.)

02-02-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_term; apparently the Chinese thought of putting the “start of spring” at the midpoint of the winter solstice and vernal equinox. (unlike here, where spring starts at the vernal equinox…) Yay!

The motivation is that the 3 months where the earth is tilted away from the Sun are CENTERED around the winter solstice; they do not begin at the winter solstice.

02-01-2014: I wonder if HMMT will accept a negative number designed to break their scoring system on estimation rounds. I suspect that they probably became a lot more careful in subsequent years.

01-31-2014: Jo.La. is UNSTOPPABLE

01-30-2014: Washington D.C. used to be top 10 in population. (Its best rank: 9th.) Also, wtf this Chinese New Year magic!?

01-29-2014: LoL is pretty good at filtering smurfs, actually. Half the accounts I play with on my ARAM smurf are indeed ARAM smurfs. (Well, the obvious ones with “aram” in their name. I suspect that the ratio is more.) (I also decided to friend one of these accounts. My smurf does not have “aram” in its name.)

01-28-2014: Bricks do not change grades, not that I would WANT to change my A grade in Physics C. [Also, wow, those are pretty dumb questions to lose points on, and kinda picky as well.]

01-27-2014: 40 points is super streaky.

01-26-2014: BGO’s Jukebox is actually a really good way to acquire new music… like 1/10th of the time. (Fortunately, a typical game goes through 15-30 songs so I usually get a good artist to pick up; today it is Obsidia.) Also confirms the observation that most people I play with (from CN; they’re usually a bit older, around their college years) like lyrical/old-ish songs. That or pop.

01-25-2014: Let’s split by parity of birthdate! Wait… the first nine (out of twelve) people all have odd birthdates…

01-24-2014: If your physics teacher offers brick extra credit, take brick extra credit. Also, Ant algorithms for TSP.

01-23-2014: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamir’s_Secret_Sharing

01-22-2014: “Slapping a little bit with a trout” comes from Monty Python.

01-21-2014: Cloud 9 destroys everyone in NA LCS… wait WHAT?

01-20-2014: Note to self when making browser game: get registration authentication, ban Tor users, and don’t make tons of bugs. Also don’t release an alpha version to the general public.

01-19-2014: Hypetrain derailed

01-18-2014: Scantrons can weight questions individually! Like, using another scantron sheet. I’m not sure whether our scantron can do that though. (hint hint APCS final)

01-17-2014: MSPE Homestruck: an actually pretty interesting webcomic (?) text adventure with “superpowers”, data structures, zodiac signs, chat programs, music, flash games, DNA, cards, billiards, etc. etc.

I’ve tried reading it twice before, but never got into it then.

01-16-2014: http://www.pgbovine.net/PhD-memoir/pguo-PhD-grind.pdf is an interesting read. 100% research = OP

01-15-2014: (My best Akari time is 2:25.41) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diplozoon_paradoxum (A weird parasite that, when mates reproduce, bind *for life*)

01-14-2014: Reddit is owned by Conde Nast? (They own other random publications like Wired, Ars Technica, Vanity Fair, etc.)

01-13-2014: (My best Akari time is 2:40) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rat_Park (Interesting experiment about morphine addiction (or the lack thereof?). Results controversial, as expected.)

01-12-2014: (My best Akari time is 3:20) Contrary to what my Psychology book says, there are in fact more words that start with K than words with K as the third letter (about 1850 vs 930). This is using OWL2, a Scrabble dictionary.

01-11-2014: boardgame-online. What? Seriously, wtf is this game.

01-10-2014: 2 second chess + 1 second add per move is apparently a thing. I won the first game by time, proceeded to lose the next six games, and finally practiced my Queen-Bishop mate to checkmate my opponent seven times in a row.

01-09-2014: Leper colonies are also called lazar houses.

01-08-2014: HOW DO PEOPLE DO 25×25 AKARI (hard) IN AROUND 2 MIN!? (My current best: 3:50)

Then again, I should make this argument for a lot of other things, like Minesweeper.

No, Akari (Light Up, Lights Out, Lights Off, w/e) is emphatically not minesweeper.

And it’s definitely not Minecraft ;_;

Oh yeah, I figured out how to use regex backrefs and regex lookaheads. Go me.

01-07-2014: (n.) suzerainty: I guess, basically a vassal state? You get your own government but you can’t actually act independent from a bigger entity

01-06-2014: Netsplitting is a thing in IRC

01-05-2014: Switzerland cantons have a surprising amount of autonomy. Bern, Zurich, Lucerne, Basel, Geneva. Quite a few cantons that I knew already. Hmmm. Also interesting how they managed to expand territory despite being neutral.

01-04-2014: The Red Group in Monopoly is really expensive to develop things on… (also things don’t really pay off until 3+ houses, which is already $1050 sunk over there)

01-03-2014: Strategies that look OP aren’t actually OP.

01-02-2014: How to play LoL in a hotel with weird internet privacy: The launcher is blocked by SSH, but is not blocked through a VPN. So load up a VPN, and get the login screen. But the login screen is blocked by VPN, but not by SSH. So change settings again, and log in. Then apparently playing the actual game itself is not blocked at all, so disconnect since these proxies make your ping pretty bad.

01-01-2014: Je.Wu. expects that this thing will discontinue pretty quickly.

12-31-2013: Excel’s INDIRECT function (very useful for referring to stuff in more flexible ways than A1, e.g.) has an R1C1 mode. This I already knew. But what I didn’t know was that this also supports relative referencing, e.g. R[1]C refers to the cell to the right.

12-30-2013: If you plan on DDoSing a very popular game (here, Battle.net games, LoL, DotA 2, and Club Penguin (LOL)) do note that other hackers are likely going to play those games. They will get annoyed at you and will hunt you down, sharing with everyone your personal information. Just a thought!


I also figured out how to use mIRC. Go me.

12-28-2013: Halp there are 2 more Princeton essays

12-27-2013: Custom phpBB tags! More forum admin stuff.

12-26-2013: Being a forum admin is kinda difficult. Setting up forums, usergroups, etc. Nothing like a

12-25-2013: King’s Court + Bridge in Dominion is super OP. Look at what the cards do:

King’s Court (7): Play an action and act on it three times.

Bridge (4): +1 Buy, +$1, All cards cost -$1 this turn only for every Bridge in play (cannot go below $0)

2 KC + 3 Bridge in hand. KC an KC, and now you have 3 KC’s. KC a bridge, three times. Now you have 10 buys, $9+stuff, and PROVINCES COST $0. Buy them all out and win the game!

12-24-2013: Hanukkah is spelled with one n, two k’s. Kwanzaa is spelled with two a’s at the end and only one a at the earlier block of a’s.

12-23-2013: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y-%CE%94_transform (Y-Δ transform; cool resistor circuit trick)

12-22-2013: Ebert’s hat puzzle as related to Hamming codes (I had previously thought of parity check but it’s possible to do much better)

12-21-2013: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plane_partition

12-20-2013: There exists a forcing sequence of moves in Antichess (Sac City) for certain moves.

12-19-2013: “The pot calling the kettle black” idiom

12-18-2013: Google Native Client is abbreviated as NaCl!


  1. (@2014.10.09: )Drats, will my periodic table now need to play catch-up?

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